Number of found documents: 893
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Proposal for loading tests of bridges - simulation and laboratory experiments
Bayer, Jan; Urushadze, Shota; Černý, Miloš
2018 - English
A new dynamic load testing of bridges is proposed and theoretically investigated. A transient analysis of passing vehicle over a bridge in ANSYS and an analytical program in MATLAB for the transient solution of piecewise linear mechanical structures were developed to assess the effects of the proposed dynamic load on a bridge model. According to the first laboratory experiments, it seems that the proposed travelling impulse load could surpass some of the shortcomings and limitations of the currently applied methods of bridge testing. The investigation is a part of a project aimed at drive-by identification of dynamic properties of bridges and further experimental and analytical research will follow. Keywords: dynamic loading tests; transient analysis; vibrations; vehicle-bridge interaction Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Proposal for loading tests of bridges - simulation and laboratory experiments

A new dynamic load testing of bridges is proposed and theoretically investigated. A transient analysis of passing vehicle over a bridge in ANSYS and an analytical program in MATLAB for the transient ...

Bayer, Jan; Urushadze, Shota; Černý, Miloš
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Lávka pro pěší Radotín - zatížení větrem dle EN 1991-1-4 a měření ve větrném tunelu
Göringer, J.; Hračov, Stanislav; Macháček, Michael
2018 - Czech
S ohledem na atypickou konstrukci lávky v Radotíně bylo nutno v rámci statického ověření řešit nestandardní účinky zatížení větrem, kdy EN 1991-1-4 poskytuje pro takto atypické konstrukce jen málo podpory. Zatížení větrem u takovéto konstrukce nevystupuje pouze jako náhradní statický účinek, ale zejména je nutné posoudit případné ztráty aerodynamické stability. Příspěvek předkládá postup stanovení problematiky podle EN 1991-1-4 včetně porovnání s výsledky z větrného tunelu. Due to the atypical design of the footbridge in Radotín the procedures for evaluation of the force coefficients presented in EN 1991-1-4 were experimentally verified in the wind tunnel. For the lack of the information about the structure behaviour on the edge of the aerodynamic instability the critical velocity for flutter was experimentally verified as well. The paper presents comparison of the approaches from EN 1991-1-4 with the results of the experiment. Keywords: wind load; footbridge; wind tunnel experiments Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Lávka pro pěší Radotín - zatížení větrem dle EN 1991-1-4 a měření ve větrném tunelu

S ohledem na atypickou konstrukci lávky v Radotíně bylo nutno v rámci statického ověření řešit nestandardní účinky zatížení větrem, kdy EN 1991-1-4 poskytuje pro takto atypické konstrukce jen málo ...

Göringer, J.; Hračov, Stanislav; Macháček, Michael
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Asymmetry of the response probability density of a system with parametric random noises
Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
2018 - English
Recording of time variable processes is accompanied by various internal disturbing effects as a rule. They influence parameters of the measuring facility, transducer-device transmission, etc. These parasitic processes are usually of the random character and, consequently, they exercise as parametric noises. Moreover, the input signal mostly consists of a useful signal which can be taken as composed from deterministic and random additive part. Various combinations of these noises are the origin of random and also systematic measuring errors which can have under certain circumstances a cumulative character, deteriorate the output signal quality and can lead finally to the stochastic stability loss. These effects can be theoretically described using differential systems with stochastic coefficients and stochastic right hand side considering all input and output processes to be of the Markov type. Keywords: random vibration; signal reconstruction; parametric noise; response asymmetry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Asymmetry of the response probability density of a system with parametric random noises

Recording of time variable processes is accompanied by various internal disturbing effects as a rule. They influence parameters of the measuring facility, transducer-device transmission, etc. These ...

Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Basic biomechanical characterization of polyurethane based artificial cancellous structures
Šleichrt, Jan; Kytýř, Daniel; Pithartová, Kateřina; Senck, S.; Fürst, D.; Schrempf, A.
2018 - English
The main goal of this study is to validate elementary mechanical parameters of a newly designed open-cell foam. The purpouse for investigating artificial material is to approach the properties of the human bone in the case of its adequate replacement. Investigated material can be also used as an artificial bone to train surgical procedures and to improve the skills of the surgeons. Four sets of the foam with different chemical composition were subjected to an uniaxial quasi-static loading to describe basic mechanical behaviour of these samples. Based on these experiments, the stress-strain diagrams were created as a comparative tool including calculation of the effective Young’s modulus. The acquired knowledges will be used as input parameters of a follow-up study aimed at describing the morphology of presented structures and their response to mechanical experiments. A distortion effect of porosity on the results is not considered in this study. Keywords: polyurethane foam; artificial bone; uniaxial loading; digital image correlation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Basic biomechanical characterization of polyurethane based artificial cancellous structures

The main goal of this study is to validate elementary mechanical parameters of a newly designed open-cell foam. The purpouse for investigating artificial material is to approach the properties of the ...

Šleichrt, Jan; Kytýř, Daniel; Pithartová, Kateřina; Senck, S.; Fürst, D.; Schrempf, A.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Instrumentation of four-point bending test during 4D computed tomography
Kytýř, Daniel; Fíla, Tomáš; Koudelka_ml., Petr; Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal; Vavro, Leona; Vavro, Martin
2018 - English
High-resolution time-lapse micro-focus X-ray computed tomography is an effective method for investigation of deformation processes on volumetric basis including fracture propagation characteristics of non-homogeneous materials subjected to mechanical loading. This experimental method requires implementation of specifically designed loading devices to X-ray imaging setups. In case of bending tests, our background research showed that no commercial solution allowing for reliable investigation of so called fracture process zone in quasi-brittle materials is currently available. Thus, this paper is focused on description of recently developed in-situ four-point bending loading device and its instrumentation for testing of quasi-brittle materials. Proof of concept together with the pilot experiments were successfully performed in a CT scanner TORATOM. Based on results of the pilot experiments, we demonstrate that crack development and propagation in a quasi-brittle material can be successfully observed in 3D using high resolution 4D micro-CT under loading. Keywords: in-situ loading device; four-point bending; 4D micro-CT; crack propagation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Instrumentation of four-point bending test during 4D computed tomography

High-resolution time-lapse micro-focus X-ray computed tomography is an effective method for investigation of deformation processes on volumetric basis including fracture propagation characteristics of ...

Kytýř, Daniel; Fíla, Tomáš; Koudelka_ml., Petr; Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal; Vavro, Leona; Vavro, Martin
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Turistická prezentace starých krovů v prostředí historických měst
Bláha, Jiří; Panáček, M.
2018 - Czech
Shrnutí současného stavu poznání a plošné dokumentace historických krovů v českých městech. Přehled vzdělávacích a popularizačních aktivit posledních desetiletí. Vytvoření koncepce obohacení turistických atraktivit historických měst o prohlídky historických krovů a dalších významných památek stavební historie v souvisejících půdních prostorách. Jde o vedlejší produkt dlouhodobých výzkumných aktivit zaměřených na stavební památky a péči o ně, projevy regionální kulturní diverzity a transfer historických technologických inovací v evropském prostředí. Cílem je rozšíření povědomí odborné i laické veřejnosti o tradičním stavebním tesařství, jeho mistrovských dílech, stavebním vývoji a uplatnění v městském prostředí. Zkušenosti z realizace prohlídkové trasy “Pod střechami chebských domů” zprovozněné v roce 2017. The present state of knowledge and documentation of historical roof trusses in Czech towns. An overview of the educational and leisure orientated activities of the last decades. Creating the concept of enhancing the historical towns as tourist attractions with the addition of tours accessing historical timber roofs and other significant artefacts of structural history situated in related attic spaces. It is a by-product of long-term research activities focused on building heritage identification and preservation, manifestations of regional cultural diversity and the transfer of historical technological innovations in Europe. Improvement of awareness for both professionals and the general public of traditional building carpentry, construction development and their manifestation in the urban environment. The first experiences of the realization of the tour route “Under the Roofs of the Cheb Houses” which was established in 2017. Keywords: carpentry; Cheb; dendrochronology; building heritage; thematic routes Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Turistická prezentace starých krovů v prostředí historických měst

Shrnutí současného stavu poznání a plošné dokumentace historických krovů v českých městech. Přehled vzdělávacích a popularizačních aktivit posledních desetiletí. Vytvoření koncepce obohacení ...

Bláha, Jiří; Panáček, M.
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Celodřevěné plátové spoje v dialektické perspektivě
Kunecký, Jiří; Hasníková, Hana; Kloiber, Michal
2018 - Czech
Příspěvek se věnuje racionálnímu rozboru argumentů pro a proti v dikusi o celodřevěných spojích a jejich využití v památkové péči. Tato dnes (mezi památkáři) poměrně široce přijímaná technologie je kriticky rozebrána s ohledem na cenu, bezpečnost opravy, vlivy na spolehlivost konstrukce, historické zařazení atp. Důraz je kladen na racionální argumentaci a touhu předporozumění o této technologii pro zájemce zbavit mýtů a založit racionální debatu o jejich vhodnosti.\n The paper deals with a critical evaluation of a technology of conservation of decayed wooden structures, especially using the technology of wooden joints equipped with wooden connectors. This technology is nowadays widespread among the people working in the field pf protection of cultural heritage. The main aim was to address price, safety issues, understanding of the principals and contexts of this type of technology. Rational arguments are used to eradicate the myths present in this area and put the light of ratio to debate on this issue. Keywords: wood joints; decayed beams; traditional carpentry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Celodřevěné plátové spoje v dialektické perspektivě

Příspěvek se věnuje racionálnímu rozboru argumentů pro a proti v dikusi o celodřevěných spojích a jejich využití v památkové péči. Tato dnes (mezi památkáři) poměrně široce přijímaná technologie je ...

Kunecký, Jiří; Hasníková, Hana; Kloiber, Michal
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Forced movement of a ball in spherical cavity under kinematic excitation
Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
2018 - English
In the paper the response of a heavy ball rolling inside a semi-spherical cavity under horizontal kinematic excitation is investigated. The system with six degrees of freedom with three non-holonomic constraints is considered. The contact between the ball and the cavity surface is supposed to be perfect without any sliding. The mathematical model using the Appel-Gibbs function of acceleration energy is developed and discussed. The most important post-critical regimes are outlined and qualitatively evaluated on the frequency axis. Numerical experiments have been performed when excitation frequency is slowly swept up and down. Results obtained by means of semi-analytical investigation and numerical simulation are evaluated and physically interpreted. Some applications in civil engineering as a tuned mass damper used on slender structures is outlined. Strengths and weaknesses of solution method are evaluated. Keywords: nonlinear dynamics; non-holonomic systems; Appell-Gibbs formulation; singular states; tuned mass damper Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Forced movement of a ball in spherical cavity under kinematic excitation

In the paper the response of a heavy ball rolling inside a semi-spherical cavity under horizontal kinematic excitation is investigated. The system with six degrees of freedom with three non-holonomic ...

Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Accuracy and numerical efficiency of approximate method for complex eigensolution of structure with specialized damping device
Hračov, Stanislav
2018 - English
The paper provides a detailed parametric analysis of the recently proposed approximate method for complex eigensolution of non-classically damped structures. This method is based on a combination of perturbation and incremental approaches and is applicable to the classically damped structures equipped with a specialized passive damping device. The numerical efficiency in terms of the required calculation times and the accuracy is demonstrated on a model of an existing structure for various combination of computational parameters. Wide numerical simulations revealed the selection of real eigenmodes of undamped system used in the approximate eigensolution as the most important parameter affecting the final accuracy. Keywords: non-classical damping; complex eigensolution; perturbation method; passive damper Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Accuracy and numerical efficiency of approximate method for complex eigensolution of structure with specialized damping device

The paper provides a detailed parametric analysis of the recently proposed approximate method for complex eigensolution of non-classically damped structures. This method is based on a combination of ...

Hračov, Stanislav
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Tradiční opracování a kvalita dřeva při opravách dřevěných konstrukcí.
Kloiber, Michal; Růžička, Petr
2018 - Czech
Rozsáhlé terénní zkušenosti při opravách dřevěných konstrukcí ukazují na dva základní limitující faktory kvality odvedené práce, které se často různými obcházejí či zjednodušují. V první řadě je to kvalita dřeva při opravách (výměny, protézy) a z ní vyplývající problémy při nedodržení doporučených kritérií pro výběr vhodného materiálu, s ohledem na dlouhodobou koexistenci nového dřeva s původním materiálem. Ve druhém případě jsou velmi vlivným faktorem způsoby opracování dřeva, kdy se pro své výhody preferované tradiční způsoby z různých důvodů nahrazují podvrhem. V tomto článku se budeme vzhledem k jeho omezenému rozsahu věnovat pouze nejkřiklavějšímu případu, a tím je opracování kulatiny tesáním. Extensive field experience with repairing timber structures shows two main limiting factors for the quality of work that are often circumvented or simplified. First, it is the quality of the timber for the repairs (replacements, additions) and the resulting problem when the recommended criteria for the selection of suitable material are not met, with regard to the long-term coexistence of the new timber with the original material. Second, a critical factor is the way in which the timber is worked - the preferred traditional working is for various reasons replaced by counterfeits. Due to the limited scope of this paper, we can only pay attention to the most blatant case, which is working of logs by hewing. Keywords: wooden structures; old carpentry tools; timbers Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Tradiční opracování a kvalita dřeva při opravách dřevěných konstrukcí.

Rozsáhlé terénní zkušenosti při opravách dřevěných konstrukcí ukazují na dva základní limitující faktory kvality odvedené práce, které se často různými obcházejí či zjednodušují. V první řadě je to ...

Kloiber, Michal; Růžička, Petr
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

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