Number of found documents: 617
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Does minimum wage affect workplace safety?
Hradil, Vít
2018 - English
Empirical evidence on the employment effects of minimum wage legislation suggests the possibility that firms react to increases in low-skilled labor costs driven by minimum wages\nby reducing investments in non-wage job aspects, which can mitigate the need for layoffs. Such adjustments may involve the worsening of workplace safety. To evaluate the hypothesis that increases in minimum wages result in a higher incidence of occupational injuries and illnesses, I use employer-level data from the United States and variation in state minimum wages during 1996-2013. The results suggest that states which increase their minimum wage experience an increase in the incidence of occupational injuries and illnesses. The effect appears stronger in industries that employ large numbers of low-wage workers, and those where the workforce is intensively exposed to health risks. Keywords: minimum wage; job safety; occupational injuries and illnesses Fulltext is available at external website.
Does minimum wage affect workplace safety?

Empirical evidence on the employment effects of minimum wage legislation suggests the possibility that firms react to increases in low-skilled labor costs driven by minimum wages\nby reducing ...

Hradil, Vít
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

The low-skilled in the Czech Republic
Bičáková, Alena; Kalíšková, Klára
2018 - Czech
This study provides evidence on the characteristics, labor market conditions, and labor market\noutcomes of the low-skilled in the Czech Republic. It considers the most relevant policies to\nensure the long-term inclusion of the low-skilled in the labor market. We use the standard\ndefinition of the low-skilled as those individuals with primary or lower-secondary education. Keywords: labor market conditions; labor market outcomes; Czech Republic Fulltext is available at external website.
The low-skilled in the Czech Republic

This study provides evidence on the characteristics, labor market conditions, and labor market\noutcomes of the low-skilled in the Czech Republic. It considers the most relevant policies to\nensure ...

Bičáková, Alena; Kalíšková, Klára
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Vyšší platy učitelů: sliby, sliby, sliby
Münich, Daniel; Smolka, V.
2018 - Czech
Mezinárodní srovnání ukazují, že platy českých učitelů, v relaci k ostatním vysokoškolsky vzdělaným pracovníkům, patří dlouhodobě k nejnižším mezi ekonomicky nejvyspělejšími zeměmi. Podle posledních publikovaných mezinárodních srovnání z roku 2015 tento podíl v České republice dosahoval 56 %, zatímco průměr zemí OECD byl 83 %. International comparisons show that Czech teachers’ pay, in relation to other tertiary educated workers, has long been among the lowest across the most economically developed countries. Based on the latest international comparisons published, from 2015, Czech teachers earned 56% of what other tertiary educated workers were earning, whereas the average across OECD countries was 83%. Keywords: teachers’ salaries; Czech Republic Fulltext is available at external website.
Vyšší platy učitelů: sliby, sliby, sliby

Mezinárodní srovnání ukazují, že platy českých učitelů, v relaci k ostatním vysokoškolsky vzdělaným pracovníkům, patří dlouhodobě k nejnižším mezi ekonomicky nejvyspělejšími zeměmi. Podle posledních ...

Münich, Daniel; Smolka, V.
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Formation of market beliefs in the oil market
Anatolyev, Stanislav; Seleznev, S.; Selezneva, Veronika
2018 - English
Keywords: oil market; ultra high frequency data; trading intensity Fulltext is available at external website.
Formation of market beliefs in the oil market

Anatolyev, Stanislav; Seleznev, S.; Selezneva, Veronika
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Effects of poverty on impatience: preferences or inattention?
Bartoš, V.; Bauer, Michal; Chytilová, Julie; Levely, I.
2018 - English
Keywords: poverty; scarcity; time discounting Fulltext is available at external website.
Effects of poverty on impatience: preferences or inattention?

Bartoš, V.; Bauer, Michal; Chytilová, Julie; Levely, I.
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Caught in the cycle: economic conditions at enrollment and labor market outcomes of college graduates
Bičáková, Alena; Cortes, G. M.; Mazza, J.
2018 - English
Keywords: business cycle; higher education; cohort effects Fulltext is available at external website.
Caught in the cycle: economic conditions at enrollment and labor market outcomes of college graduates

Bičáková, Alena; Cortes, G. M.; Mazza, J.
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Obezita v České republice: mezinárodní srovnání s využitím dat z projektu SHARE
Pertold, Filip; Šatava, Jiří
2018 - Czech
Světová zdravotnická organizace hovoří o obezitě jako o jedné z největších výzev pro veřejné\nzdravotnictví 21. století. Na základě dat z projeku SHARE ukazujeme, že Čeští senioři ve věku\n50–70 let mají v mezinárodním srovnání velmi vysokou míru obezity (BMI > 29,99). V roce 2015 trpělo přibližně 35 % starších mužů v České republice (ČR) obezitou; to je téměř dvakrát vyšší hodnota než v Itálii a Španělsku a hodnota více než o 50 % vyšší než v zemích západní Evropy (cca 23 %). The World Health Organization considers obesity to be one of the greatest challenges for\npublic health in the 21st century. On the basis of data from SHARE, we show that Czechs aged\n50-70 years have a high rate of obesity (BMI > 29,99) in comparison with other countries.\nIn 2015 around 35 % of older men in the Czech Republic suffered from obesity; that is almost\ntwice as high as the rate in Italy or Switzerland and more than 50 % higher than the rate\nin Western European countries (c. 23 %). Keywords: obesity; Czech Republic Fulltext is available at external website.
Obezita v České republice: mezinárodní srovnání s využitím dat z projektu SHARE

Světová zdravotnická organizace hovoří o obezitě jako o jedné z největších výzev pro veřejné\nzdravotnictví 21. století. Na základě dat z projeku SHARE ukazujeme, že Čeští senioři ve věku\n50–70 let ...

Pertold, Filip; Šatava, Jiří
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Bayesian persuasion with costly information acquisition
Matysková, Ludmila
2018 - English
Keywords: Bayesian persuasion; rational inattention; costly information acquisition Fulltext is available at external website.
Bayesian persuasion with costly information acquisition

Matysková, Ludmila
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Názvy firem a jejich vliv na firemní výkonnost
Hanousek, Jan; Jurajda, Štěpán
2018 - Czech
Our analysis reveals that a company’s name may be related to its economic productivity. The name’s alphabetical position, the use of “national”4 words, and the inclusion of English phrases within the name all play a role. This study looks at the association between certain characteristics of a company’s name and growth in the company’s turnover, growth in value added and profit from shares using company data from 17 EU countries over a period of more than 15 years. We distinguish between companies in countries where Romance languages, Slavic languages and Germanic languages are spoken. The effects of company names vary across these language-country groups. Keywords: company names; company productivity Fulltext is available at external website.
Názvy firem a jejich vliv na firemní výkonnost

Our analysis reveals that a company’s name may be related to its economic productivity. The name’s alphabetical position, the use of “national”4 words, and the inclusion of English phrases within the ...

Hanousek, Jan; Jurajda, Štěpán
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

Selective sampling with information-storage constraints
Jehiel, P.; Steiner, Jakub
2018 - English
Keywords: bounded rationality; cognitive constraints; information processing Fulltext is available at external website.
Selective sampling with information-storage constraints

Jehiel, P.; Steiner, Jakub
Národohospodářský ústav, 2018

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