Number of found documents: 1583
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An adaptive recursive multilevel approximate inverse preconditioning: Computation of the Schur complement
Kopal, Jiří; Rozložník, Miroslav; Tůma, Miroslav
2017 - English
Available in digital repository of the ASCR
An adaptive recursive multilevel approximate inverse preconditioning: Computation of the Schur complement

Kopal, Jiří; Rozložník, Miroslav; Tůma, Miroslav
Ústav informatiky, 2017

Analysis of truncated data with application to the operational risk estimation
Volf, Petr
2017 - English
Analysis of operational risk often faces problems arising from the structure of available data, namely of left truncation and occurrence of heavy-tailed loss values. We deal with model given by lognormal dostribution contaminated by the Pareto one and to use of the Cramér-von Mises, Anderson-Darling, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov minimum distance estimators. Analysis is based on MC studies. The main objective is to propose a method of statistical analysis and modeling for the distribution of sum of\nlosses over a given period, particularly of its right quantiles. Keywords: operational risk; statistical analysis; truncated data Fulltext is available at external website.
Analysis of truncated data with application to the operational risk estimation

Analysis of operational risk often faces problems arising from the structure of available data, namely of left truncation and occurrence of heavy-tailed loss values. We deal with model given by ...

Volf, Petr
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2017

Impact of Turbulence Generators on Turbulent Characteristics and Structures
Kellnerová, Radka; Jurčáková, Klára; Jaňour, Zbyněk
2017 - English
The turbulent generators are routinely used to produce very turbulent flows. Special type of vertically slenderize spires are applied to enhance turbulent diffusion from the surface upwards in order to increase the boundary layer depth. This paper studies the influence of variable upstream distance of generators on formation of both vortical and non-vortical organized structures within a test section. The 2-component 2-dimensional time-resolved particle image velocimetry measurement of the flow was performed in the wind channel with very rough surface. Intermittent flow dynamics was evaluated by means of higher order moments, vorticity, quadrant and wavelet analysis. The downstream evolution of the flow suggests that equilibrium between roughness- and spires-produced turbulence was reached at the distance of 7 spires height.\n Keywords: turbulence generator; wind channel; vorticity; quadrant analysis Fulltext is available at external website.
Impact of Turbulence Generators on Turbulent Characteristics and Structures

The turbulent generators are routinely used to produce very turbulent flows. Special type of vertically slenderize spires are applied to enhance turbulent diffusion from the surface upwards in order ...

Kellnerová, Radka; Jurčáková, Klára; Jaňour, Zbyněk
Ústav termomechaniky, 2017

Overlapping domain decomposition preconditioners for elliptic and parabolic problems in primal and mixed form
Blaheta, Radim
2017 - English
In this lecture, we concern the numerical solution of PDE problems and describe overlapping domain decomposition, which provides a tool for the construction of parallelizable Schwarz type iterative solvers and preconditioners. The idea of using overlapping domain decomposition goes back to Schwarz alternating method from 1870, see [1]. The analysis of this alternating iterative method was evolved by great mathematicians, see e.g. S.L. Sobolev (1936), R. Courant and D. Hilbert (1937), S.G. Michlin (1951), M. Práger (1958), I. Babuška (1958), F.E. Browder (1958). The use of overlapping domain decomposition for parallel computations started in the late eighties in the work of M. Dryja and O. Widlund [4], P.L. Lions [5, 6], S. Nepomnyaschikh [7] and others and continue up to the present days. The origin of the alternating Schwarz method is nicely described in [8]. Keywords: preconditioners; Schwarz method; matrix Ma Fulltext is available at external website.
Overlapping domain decomposition preconditioners for elliptic and parabolic problems in primal and mixed form

In this lecture, we concern the numerical solution of PDE problems and describe overlapping domain decomposition, which provides a tool for the construction of parallelizable Schwarz type iterative ...

Blaheta, Radim
Ústav geoniky, 2017

Dynamization of spatial data using location-based services: Tourist potential of industrial heritage
Malý, Jiří; Krejčí, Tomáš; Trojan, Jakub; Chudáček, Stanislav; Nováková, Eva
2017 - English
The paper deals with industrial heritage and its potential in tourism. Although the post-industrial landscape is an integral part of all the countries that went through a period of de-industrialization and economic transformation, presentation and publicity of valuable industrial monuments that are linked with post-industrial landscape in many cases are not fully utilized. This paper aims to acquaint readers with a possibility of transformation of data on industrial objects into augmented reality, while using location-based services. The final result is the web-based platform allowing easy data transformation. The paper has thus largely methodological-application character. The outcomes of the testing phase indicate that information about the objects do have their limits, but respecting them brings their effective performance in augmented reality. Keywords: location-based services; augmented reality; industrial heritage; tourism; Czech Republic Available in a digital repository NRGL
Dynamization of spatial data using location-based services: Tourist potential of industrial heritage

The paper deals with industrial heritage and its potential in tourism. Although the post-industrial landscape is an integral part of all the countries that went through a period of ...

Malý, Jiří; Krejčí, Tomáš; Trojan, Jakub; Chudáček, Stanislav; Nováková, Eva
Ústav geoniky, 2017

On the Optimization of Initial Conditions for a Model Parameter Estimation
Matonoha, Ctirad; Papáček, Š.; Kindermann, S.
2017 - English
The design of an experiment, e.g., the setting of initial conditions, strongly influences the accuracy of the process of determining model parameters from data. The key concept relies on the analysis of the sensitivity of the measured output with respect to the model parameters. Based on this approach we optimize an experimental design factor, the initial condition for an inverse problem of a model parameter estimation. Our approach, although case independent, is illustrated at the FRAP (Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching) experimental technique. The core idea resides in the maximization of a sensitivity measure, which depends on the initial condition. Numerical experiments show that the discretized optimal initial condition attains only two values. The number of jumps between these values is inversely proportional to the value of a diffusion coefficient D (characterizing the biophysical and numerical process). The smaller value of D is, the larger number of jumps occurs. Keywords: FRAP; sensitivity analysis; optimal experimental design; parameter estimation; finite differences Available in digital repository of the ASCR
On the Optimization of Initial Conditions for a Model Parameter Estimation

The design of an experiment, e.g., the setting of initial conditions, strongly influences the accuracy of the process of determining model parameters from data. The key concept relies on the analysis ...

Matonoha, Ctirad; Papáček, Š.; Kindermann, S.
Ústav informatiky, 2017

On the optimal initial conditions for an inverse problem of model parameter estimation
Matonoha, Ctirad; Papáček, Š.
2017 - English
Available in digital repository of the ASCR
On the optimal initial conditions for an inverse problem of model parameter estimation

Matonoha, Ctirad; Papáček, Š.
Ústav informatiky, 2017

Numerical Simulation of Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Accelerated Flows
Fürst, J.; Příhoda, Jaromír
2017 - English
The article deals with the evaluation of two RANS based models for simulation of transitional flows including heat transfer. The work is focused on the transition and heat transfer in cases of accelerated flows over a flat plate and through a test turbine cascade. Keywords: turbulence; laminar-turbulent transition; finite volume method Fulltext is available at external website.
Numerical Simulation of Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Accelerated Flows

The article deals with the evaluation of two RANS based models for simulation of transitional flows including heat transfer. The work is focused on the transition and heat transfer in cases of ...

Fürst, J.; Příhoda, Jaromír
Ústav termomechaniky, 2017

Simulation of Transonic Flow Through a Mid-Span Turbine Blade Cascade with the Separation-Induced Transition
Straka, P.; Příhoda, Jaromír; Fenderl, D.
2017 - English
The paper deals with the numerical simulation of the transonic flow through a mid-span turbine blade cascade by means of an in-house code based on the EARSM turbulence model of Hellsten [1] completed by the algebraic transition model of Straka and Příhoda [2]. The simulation using the transition model of Langtry and Menter [3] and Menter et al. [4] implemented in the commercial code ANSYS Fluent was used for the comparison. Simulations were carried out for the transonic regime close to the nominal regime. The flow separation on the suction side of the blade is caused by the interaction of the reflected shock wave with the boundary layer. The attention was focused on the modelling of the transition in the separated flow especially on the modelling of the length of the transition region. Numerical results were compared with experimental results. Keywords: mid-section blade cascade; boundary layer transition; shock wave interaction Fulltext is available at external website.
Simulation of Transonic Flow Through a Mid-Span Turbine Blade Cascade with the Separation-Induced Transition

The paper deals with the numerical simulation of the transonic flow through a mid-span turbine blade cascade by means of an in-house code based on the EARSM turbulence model of Hellsten [1] completed ...

Straka, P.; Příhoda, Jaromír; Fenderl, D.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2017

Flexible Moment Invariant Bases for 2D Scalar and Vector Fields
Bujack, R.; Flusser, Jan
2017 - English
Complex moments have been successfully applied to pattern detection tasks in two-dimensional real, complex, and vector valued functions. In this paper, we review the different bases of rotational moment invariants based on the generator approach with complex monomials. We analyze their properties with respect to independence, completeness, and existence and\npresent superior bases that are optimal with respect to all three criteria for both scalar and vector fields. Keywords: Pattern detection; moment invariants; scalar fields; vector fields; flow fields; generator; basis; complex; monomial Fulltext is available at external website.
Flexible Moment Invariant Bases for 2D Scalar and Vector Fields

Complex moments have been successfully applied to pattern detection tasks in two-dimensional real, complex, and vector valued functions. In this paper, we review the different bases of rotational ...

Bujack, R.; Flusser, Jan
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2017

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