Number of found documents: 1604
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Appearance Acquisition and Analysis of Effect Coatings
Filip, Jiří; Maile, F. J.
2017 - English
Keywords: effect coatings; appearance capturing; polychromatic; particle orientation Fulltext is available at external website.
Appearance Acquisition and Analysis of Effect Coatings

Filip, Jiří; Maile, F. J.
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2017

Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
2017 - English
The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic energy. The dissipation rate is commonly assumed to be a function of the impeller power input. But this approach gives no information about distribution of the dissipation rate inside the agitated volume. In this paper the distributions of the dissipation rate inside the agitated vessels are estimated by evaluations of the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics). The results obtained from RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations) k-epsilon turbulent model and LES (Large Eddy Simulations) with Smagorinsky SGS (Sub Grid Scale) model are compared. The agitated vessels with standard geometry equipped with four baffles and stirred by either a standard Rushton turbine or a high shear impeller were investigated. The results are compared with mean dissipation rate estimated from the total impeller power input. Keywords: flow; large-eddy simulation Fulltext is available at external website.
Evaluation of the turbulent kinetic dissipation rate in an agitated vessel

The design of agitated tanks depends on operating conditions and processes for that are used for. An important parameter for the scale-up modelling is the dissipation rate of the turbulent kinetic ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Sulc, R.; Jašíková, D.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region
Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
2017 - English
The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical flat bottom vessel 400 mm in inner diameter agitated by a Rushton turbine 133 mm in diameter. The velocity fields were measured in the zone in upward flow to the impeller for impeller rotation speeds from 300 rpm to 850 rpm and three liquids of different viscosities (i.e. (i) distilled water, ii) a 28% vol. aqueous solution of glycol, and iii) a 43% vol. aqueous solution of glycol), corresponding to the impeller Reynolds number in the range 50 000 < Re < 189 000. This Re range secures the fully-developed turbulent flow of agitated liquid. In accordance with the theory of mixing, the dimensionless mean and fluctuation velocities in the measured directions were found to be constant and independent of the impeller Reynolds number. On the basis of the test results the spatial distributions of dimensionless velocities were calculated. The axial turbulence intensity was found to be in the majority in the range from 0.388 to 0.540, which corresponds to the high level of turbulence intensity. Fulltext is available at external website.
Local velocity scaling in T400 vessel agitated by Rushton turbine in a fully turbulent region

The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical ...

Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2017

Analysis of truncated data with application to the operational risk estimation
Volf, Petr
2017 - English
Analysis of operational risk often faces problems arising from the structure of available data, namely of left truncation and occurrence of heavy-tailed loss values. We deal with model given by lognormal dostribution contaminated by the Pareto one and to use of the Cramér-von Mises, Anderson-Darling, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov minimum distance estimators. Analysis is based on MC studies. The main objective is to propose a method of statistical analysis and modeling for the distribution of sum of\nlosses over a given period, particularly of its right quantiles. Keywords: operational risk; statistical analysis; truncated data Fulltext is available at external website.
Analysis of truncated data with application to the operational risk estimation

Analysis of operational risk often faces problems arising from the structure of available data, namely of left truncation and occurrence of heavy-tailed loss values. We deal with model given by ...

Volf, Petr
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2017

Influence of hydrodynamic nozzle wear on erosion effect of self-excited pulsating water jet
Klich, Jiří; Říha, Zdeněk; Foldyna, Vladimír
2017 - English
The article deals with the study of the wear of the hydrodynamic nozzle and its\ninfluence on the generation of a self-excited pulsating water jet (SPWJ). The nozzle\nwas monitored for the ability of the waterjet to erode the surface of the aluminum\nalloy EN AW 6060 at regular intervals. Keywords: hydrodynamic nozzle; waterjet; erosion Available in a digital repository NRGL
Influence of hydrodynamic nozzle wear on erosion effect of self-excited pulsating water jet

The article deals with the study of the wear of the hydrodynamic nozzle and its\ninfluence on the generation of a self-excited pulsating water jet (SPWJ). The nozzle\nwas monitored for the ability of ...

Klich, Jiří; Říha, Zdeněk; Foldyna, Vladimír
Ústav geoniky, 2017

Properties and characteristics of recycled garnet abrasives for AWJ
Martinec, Petr; Hlaváček, Petr; Ruppenthalová, Lucie; Sitek, Libor
2017 - English
The use of recycled garnet abrasive from sludge after cutting materials is a current\nproblem. The behavior of individual garnet abrasives in the AWJ process depends\non the geological origin of the garnets, which also affects all the material\ncharacteristics of the garnet recyclate. The parameters of the BARTON HPX80 and\nGMA 80 abrasive inputs and their recycled products were compared: mineralogical\ntype, apparent density, granularity, grain shape and mineralogical purity,\nmicrohardness data and the degree of damage to the garnet grains. All individual\nparameters of abrasives and their recyclates are reflected in the index of cutting\nefficiency of abrasive. The effect of abrasive material properties on cuttability of\nabrasives is synergistic. The new parameters in the evaluation of abrasives are\nmicro-hardness (brittleness criterion), specific surface and pore size distribution\n(internal grain damage criterion). Keywords: garnet; abrasive water jet; recycled abrasives; index of cutting efficiency of abrasive; microhardnes Available in a digital repository NRGL
Properties and characteristics of recycled garnet abrasives for AWJ

The use of recycled garnet abrasive from sludge after cutting materials is a current\nproblem. The behavior of individual garnet abrasives in the AWJ process depends\non the geological origin of the ...

Martinec, Petr; Hlaváček, Petr; Ruppenthalová, Lucie; Sitek, Libor
Ústav geoniky, 2017

An adaptive recursive multilevel approximate inverse preconditioning: Computation of the Schur complement
Kopal, Jiří; Rozložník, Miroslav; Tůma, Miroslav
2017 - English
Available in digital repository of the ASCR
An adaptive recursive multilevel approximate inverse preconditioning: Computation of the Schur complement

Kopal, Jiří; Rozložník, Miroslav; Tůma, Miroslav
Ústav informatiky, 2017

Impact of Turbulence Generators on Turbulent Characteristics and Structures
Kellnerová, Radka; Jurčáková, Klára; Jaňour, Zbyněk
2017 - English
The turbulent generators are routinely used to produce very turbulent flows. Special type of vertically slenderize spires are applied to enhance turbulent diffusion from the surface upwards in order to increase the boundary layer depth. This paper studies the influence of variable upstream distance of generators on formation of both vortical and non-vortical organized structures within a test section. The 2-component 2-dimensional time-resolved particle image velocimetry measurement of the flow was performed in the wind channel with very rough surface. Intermittent flow dynamics was evaluated by means of higher order moments, vorticity, quadrant and wavelet analysis. The downstream evolution of the flow suggests that equilibrium between roughness- and spires-produced turbulence was reached at the distance of 7 spires height.\n Keywords: turbulence generator; wind channel; vorticity; quadrant analysis Fulltext is available at external website.
Impact of Turbulence Generators on Turbulent Characteristics and Structures

The turbulent generators are routinely used to produce very turbulent flows. Special type of vertically slenderize spires are applied to enhance turbulent diffusion from the surface upwards in order ...

Kellnerová, Radka; Jurčáková, Klára; Jaňour, Zbyněk
Ústav termomechaniky, 2017

Overlapping domain decomposition preconditioners for elliptic and parabolic problems in primal and mixed form
Blaheta, Radim
2017 - English
In this lecture, we concern the numerical solution of PDE problems and describe overlapping domain decomposition, which provides a tool for the construction of parallelizable Schwarz type iterative solvers and preconditioners. The idea of using overlapping domain decomposition goes back to Schwarz alternating method from 1870, see [1]. The analysis of this alternating iterative method was evolved by great mathematicians, see e.g. S.L. Sobolev (1936), R. Courant and D. Hilbert (1937), S.G. Michlin (1951), M. Práger (1958), I. Babuška (1958), F.E. Browder (1958). The use of overlapping domain decomposition for parallel computations started in the late eighties in the work of M. Dryja and O. Widlund [4], P.L. Lions [5, 6], S. Nepomnyaschikh [7] and others and continue up to the present days. The origin of the alternating Schwarz method is nicely described in [8]. Keywords: preconditioners; Schwarz method; matrix Ma Fulltext is available at external website.
Overlapping domain decomposition preconditioners for elliptic and parabolic problems in primal and mixed form

In this lecture, we concern the numerical solution of PDE problems and describe overlapping domain decomposition, which provides a tool for the construction of parallelizable Schwarz type iterative ...

Blaheta, Radim
Ústav geoniky, 2017

Dynamization of spatial data using location-based services: Tourist potential of industrial heritage
Malý, Jiří; Krejčí, Tomáš; Trojan, Jakub; Chudáček, Stanislav; Nováková, Eva
2017 - English
The paper deals with industrial heritage and its potential in tourism. Although the post-industrial landscape is an integral part of all the countries that went through a period of de-industrialization and economic transformation, presentation and publicity of valuable industrial monuments that are linked with post-industrial landscape in many cases are not fully utilized. This paper aims to acquaint readers with a possibility of transformation of data on industrial objects into augmented reality, while using location-based services. The final result is the web-based platform allowing easy data transformation. The paper has thus largely methodological-application character. The outcomes of the testing phase indicate that information about the objects do have their limits, but respecting them brings their effective performance in augmented reality. Keywords: location-based services; augmented reality; industrial heritage; tourism; Czech Republic Available in a digital repository NRGL
Dynamization of spatial data using location-based services: Tourist potential of industrial heritage

The paper deals with industrial heritage and its potential in tourism. Although the post-industrial landscape is an integral part of all the countries that went through a period of ...

Malý, Jiří; Krejčí, Tomáš; Trojan, Jakub; Chudáček, Stanislav; Nováková, Eva
Ústav geoniky, 2017

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