Number of found documents: 402
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Effect of pH on the Oxide Film Formation on a Pristine Zr Electrode
Hromadová, Magdaléna; Kocábová, Jana; Kolivoška, Viliam; Pospíšil, Lubomír
2017 - English
Effect of pH on the oxidation of zirconium metal was studied by cyclic voltammetry in\naqueous borate buffer solutions as a function of the potential scan rate and pH from 4.80 to\n9.17. The results show that the oxide growth kinetics depends on pH of the electrolyte\nsolution and the total amount of irreversibly formed oxide under the potentiodynamic\nconditions decreases with decreasing buffer pH in accord with thermodynamic considerations.\nCathodic current corresponding to hydrogen evolution reaction diminishes in the presence of\nanodically modified electrode compared to bare zirconium. Keywords: zirconium; oxide film; hydrogen evolution Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Effect of pH on the Oxide Film Formation on a Pristine Zr Electrode

Effect of pH on the oxidation of zirconium metal was studied by cyclic voltammetry in\naqueous borate buffer solutions as a function of the potential scan rate and pH from 4.80 to\n9.17. The results ...

Hromadová, Magdaléna; Kocábová, Jana; Kolivoška, Viliam; Pospíšil, Lubomír
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2017

Mystery of Ageing of „Zero-Valent Iron“ (ZVI)
Wouafo, M. T.; Donkeng Dazie, Joel; Tchatchueng, J. B.; Noubactep, Ch.; Ludvík, Jiří
2017 - English
So called „zero-valent iron“, (ZVI), is used for water treatment, or, more generally for\nenvironmental remediation. In fact, the surface of the metallic iron powder in the presence of\nwater and oxygen cannot be considered as pure Fe0 but as a mixture of its corrosion products.\nThe remediation process occurs on the surface of these iron particles, hence, the degree of\n„corrosion“ is crucial for the process itself. Therefore, investigation of „aging“ of ZVI is an\nimportant prerequisite for deeper understanding of its activity.\nIn this work, the first results of the systematic study of aging of iron metal powder are\npresented. The investigation was performed in batch conditions in aqueous buffered solutions\npH 4, 4.7, 5.5 and in the presence of air oxygen. Increasing and then decreasing concentration\nof the Fe2+ ion in the solution appeared to be the important marker of aging process.\nIn the second part of the work, removal of Zn2+ ions using ZVI was investigated.\nElectrochemical techniques, namely polarography and its differential pulse form (DPP) were\nused for permanent monitoring of the presence of Fe2+ and Zn2+ ions in the studied solution.\nChanging concentrations of both ions revealed that at pH 5.5 the optimum aging time of ZVI\nfor removal of Zn2+ from aqueous solution is 6 hours. Keywords: zero-valent iron; aging effect; zinc ion removal Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Mystery of Ageing of „Zero-Valent Iron“ (ZVI)

So called „zero-valent iron“, (ZVI), is used for water treatment, or, more generally for\nenvironmental remediation. In fact, the surface of the metallic iron powder in the presence of\nwater and ...

Wouafo, M. T.; Donkeng Dazie, Joel; Tchatchueng, J. B.; Noubactep, Ch.; Ludvík, Jiří
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2017

Redox Properties of Quasi Dimer of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran for Singlet Fission
Šimková, Ludmila; Ludvík, Jiří
2017 - English
Molecules on the base of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran attract an interest because of their\npossible efficiency for singlet fission This study is focused on electrochemical behaviour of\nthe „quasi dimer“ of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran. For characterization of reduction mechanism\nin situ UV-vis and EPR spectroscopy were used. The monomer 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran\nand its CH2 dimer were added to this study for comparison. The redox properties of both\ncompared molecules are similar. The location and the nature of the covalent bridging unit in\nCH2dimer have small effect onthe redox potentials. But the pi-conjugation in the molecule of\nquasi dimer causes approximately 0.2 V easier oxidization and reduction. Keywords: 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran; dimer; Singlet fission Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Redox Properties of Quasi Dimer of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran for Singlet Fission

Molecules on the base of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran attract an interest because of their\npossible efficiency for singlet fission This study is focused on electrochemical behaviour of\nthe „quasi ...

Šimková, Ludmila; Ludvík, Jiří
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2017

Labile Lead Phytochelatin Complexes Could Enhance Transport of Lead Ions across Biological Membrane
Šestáková, Ivana; Navrátil, Tomáš
2017 - English
In connection with studies of hazardous metals transport across model phospholipid\nmembranes, behavior of complexes of lead with phytochelatin PC2 has been examined. Using\nstripping chronopotentiometry with different values of reducing current, the release of free\nlead ions confirms labile behavior. Similar conclusion resulted from voltammetry on silica gel\nmodified carbon paste electrode. Keywords: phytochelatin; lead; voltammetry Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Labile Lead Phytochelatin Complexes Could Enhance Transport of Lead Ions across Biological Membrane

In connection with studies of hazardous metals transport across model phospholipid\nmembranes, behavior of complexes of lead with phytochelatin PC2 has been examined. Using\nstripping ...

Šestáková, Ivana; Navrátil, Tomáš
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2017

Wavelength modulation spectroscopy for multicomponent ana-lytics of biomass burning tracers
Dostál, Michal; Válek, V.; Suchánek, Jan; Kristlová, E.; Roupcová, P.; Zelinger, Zdeněk; Nevrlý, Václav; Bitala, P.; Vašinek, M.; Kubát, Pavel; Ferus, Martin; Civiš, Svatopluk
2017 - English
The potential of Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) for monitoring of several species produced by biomass burning is in focus of this work. The infrared spectra of selected molecules (HCOOH, C2H2, CH3CN, N2O, CH3OH, CH3COCH3) are measured in laboratory conditions and the selectivity and of this method is demonstrated. Keywords: spectroscopy; biomass burning tracers; TDLAS system Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Wavelength modulation spectroscopy for multicomponent ana-lytics of biomass burning tracers

The potential of Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) for monitoring of several species produced by biomass burning is in focus of this work. The infrared spectra of selected molecules ...

Dostál, Michal; Válek, V.; Suchánek, Jan; Kristlová, E.; Roupcová, P.; Zelinger, Zdeněk; Nevrlý, Václav; Bitala, P.; Vašinek, M.; Kubát, Pavel; Ferus, Martin; Civiš, Svatopluk
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2017

Hydroxyl radical measurement in atmospheric pressure dimethyl ether-air laminar premixed flat flame using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy
Nevrlý, V.; Dostál, Michal; Bitala, P.; Zelinger, Zdeněk; Suchánek, Jan; Válek, V.; Klečka, V.; Kubát, Pavel; Engst, Pavel; Vašinek, M.; Wild, J.
2017 - English
Spectroscopic detection of hydroxyl (OH) radical and determination of its concentration in flames have an elusive history and considerable influence on combustion research. Electronic transitions in ultraviolet spectral region were extensively studied in this context and until recent time chemiluminescence or laser induced fluorescence of excited hydroxyl (OH*) radical is broadly used for absolute concentration and temperature measurement in flames.\nHowever, number densities of molecular species and population of relevant quantum levels in ground electronic state can be directly estimated from intensities of absorption lines observed by probing rovibrational transitions in infrared spectral region. Application of near-infrared tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (NIR-TDLAS) for the given purpose was demonstrated in an earlier work of Aizawa et al. [1]. Following his pioneering studies summarized in [2], we further explored feasibility of NIR-TDLAS (especially 2f-WMS technique) for monitoring minor species within combustion experiments particularly when dealing with dimethyl ether (DME) flames. Here we report our first results of NIR-TDLAS measurements focused on hydroxyl radical detection in laminar premixed flame burning DME-air mixture under fuel-lean conditions. Keywords: spectroscopy; tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy; hydroxyl Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Hydroxyl radical measurement in atmospheric pressure dimethyl ether-air laminar premixed flat flame using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy

Spectroscopic detection of hydroxyl (OH) radical and determination of its concentration in flames have an elusive history and considerable influence on combustion research. Electronic transitions in ...

Nevrlý, V.; Dostál, Michal; Bitala, P.; Zelinger, Zdeněk; Suchánek, Jan; Válek, V.; Klečka, V.; Kubát, Pavel; Engst, Pavel; Vašinek, M.; Wild, J.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2017

Fosfolipidy modifikovaná elektroda ze skelného uhlíku a její využití pro stanovení pesticidů
Švecová, H.; Sokolová, Romana; Součková, J.; Skopalová, J.; Barták, P.
2016 - Czech
Lipidové membrány jsou již mnoho let studovány jako modely biomembrán. Formování lipidových membrán na povrchu pevných elektrod poprvé popsali Tien a Salamon 1. Od té doby byly použity jako substráty pro lipidové vrstvy různé materiály jako např. stříbro 2, zlato 3, rtuť 4 nebo skelný uhlík 5. Lipidový film na povrchu elektrody je schopen akumulovat organické molekuly v závislosti na jejich náboji a na jejich hydrofilním respektive hydrofobním charakteru. Je známé, že mnoho organických látek, jako jsou pesticidy, léčiva a jiné farmakologicky významné látky, interagují s fosfolipidovou vrstvou a mastnými kyselinami v membráně a mohou být silně akumulovány v lipidové tkáni. In this article we described glassy carbon electrode modified with Asolectin (mixture of phosholipids). Properties of phospholipid layer, such as its thickness or solidity, were investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The modified electrode was applied for square wave voltammetry (SWV) measurements to study interactions of pesticide paraquat with phospholipid layer and to detect paraquat selectively in real samples of river water. Keywords: paraquat; electrochemistry; phospholipids Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Fosfolipidy modifikovaná elektroda ze skelného uhlíku a její využití pro stanovení pesticidů

Lipidové membrány jsou již mnoho let studovány jako modely biomembrán. Formování lipidových membrán na povrchu pevných elektrod poprvé popsali Tien a Salamon 1. Od té doby byly použity jako substráty ...

Švecová, H.; Sokolová, Romana; Součková, J.; Skopalová, J.; Barták, P.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2016

Využití voltametrické metody pro sledování obsahu antioxidantu v biopalivech
Tomášková, M.; Chýlková, J.; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
2016 - Czech
Z hlediska kvality biopaliv je hlavním problémem jejich oxidační degradace během skladování, která vede ke vzniku produktů, které mohou způsobit ucpání palivových filtrů nebo korozi kovových částí motoru. Kromě toho má oxidační stabilita běžné motorové nafty podstatný vliv na stabilitu směsí s bionaftou. Právě nestabilita bionafty v porovnání s běžně používanou naftou vede k řadě otázek a obav při skladování biopaliv. Pro zpomalení oxidace a zajištění dostatečné stability je nutné nalézt vhodná aditiva a znát jejich přesné množství. Mezi antioxidanty používané pro zvýšení oxidační stability bionafty a jejich směsí s běžnou naftou patří i propyl galát 1-4. The simple and fast method for analysis of Propyl gallate (PG) in biofuels was proposed in this paper. Voltammograms of antioxidant under study were recorded using linear sweep voltammetry method at a gold disc electrode in supporting electrolyte containing 0.18 mol L-1 H2SO4 and 10 % ethanol. For purposes to monitor effects on fuel quality caused by oxidative degradation, the proposed method was applied to samples of biodiesel and Ekodiesel® (the blend of biodiesel with fuel diesel). The analysis of PG can be performed without pretreatment of Ekodiesel samples, and after extraction using distilled water in case of biodiesel samples. Keywords: propyl gallate; antioxidant; voltammetry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Využití voltametrické metody pro sledování obsahu antioxidantu v biopalivech

Z hlediska kvality biopaliv je hlavním problémem jejich oxidační degradace během skladování, která vede ke vzniku produktů, které mohou způsobit ucpání palivových filtrů nebo korozi kovových částí ...

Tomášková, M.; Chýlková, J.; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2016

Graphene Field-Effect Transistor as a Probe of Doping by Adsorbed Oxygen Molecules
Blechta, Václav; Mergl, Martin; Drogowska, Karolina; Kučera, Lukáš; Valeš, Václav; Červenka, Jiří; Kalbáč, Martin
2016 - English
Graphene has high potential in chemical sensing, thus understanding adsorption and charge transfer between graphene and adsorbed molecules is essential. We show that graphene field-effect transistor exhibits a moderate sensoric response towards oxygen at temperature of 150 °C. Field-effect transistors serve as a tool to probe electronic properties of graphene. We demonstrate that adsorption of oxygen molecules onto graphene leads to an upshift of Dirac point and light changes in mobility of charge carriers. Keywords: graphene; sensor; transistor Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Graphene Field-Effect Transistor as a Probe of Doping by Adsorbed Oxygen Molecules

Graphene has high potential in chemical sensing, thus understanding adsorption and charge transfer between graphene and adsorbed molecules is essential. We show that graphene field-effect transistor ...

Blechta, Václav; Mergl, Martin; Drogowska, Karolina; Kučera, Lukáš; Valeš, Václav; Červenka, Jiří; Kalbáč, Martin
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2016

Charge Transport in Single Molecule Junctions of Spirobifluorene Scaffold
Hromadová, Magdaléna; Kolivoška, Viliam; Sokolová, Romana; Šebera, Jakub; Mészáros, G.; Valášek, M.; Mayor, C.
2016 - English
Single molecule conductance of two spirobifluorene molecules of different length have been studied by scanning tunneling break junction (STM–BJ) methodology. First molecule contains a tripodal spirobifluorene platform, whereas a second one contains the same platform with chemically attached p-phenyleneethynylene molecular wire. The conductance values change only slightly between these two molecules, which demonstrated that such a platform provides both highly conducting pathway and stable anchor for the future molecular electronic devices. Keywords: single molecule conductance; spirobifluorene; break junction Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Charge Transport in Single Molecule Junctions of Spirobifluorene Scaffold

Single molecule conductance of two spirobifluorene molecules of different length have been studied by scanning tunneling break junction (STM–BJ) methodology. First molecule contains a tripodal ...

Hromadová, Magdaléna; Kolivoška, Viliam; Sokolová, Romana; Šebera, Jakub; Mészáros, G.; Valášek, M.; Mayor, C.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2016

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