Počet nalezených dokumentů: 2104
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Development of Polymeric Enantioselective Membranes
Čížek, Jan
2024 - anglický
Enantiomers are molecules that share the same chemical formula but in space form mirror images of each other. Their reactions with other chiral molecules can be remarkably different, which is crucial mainly for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. However, industrialscale synthetic production of enantiomerically pure compounds is not always available. Therefore, the need for pure enantiomeric compounds drives the development and research on various separation methods. However, most methods used on the industrial scale are limited to specific compounds (diastereomeric recrystallization) or generally difficult and/or expensive to scale up (chromatography-related methods). Separation of enantiomers using membranes is promising\nthanks to the easy scalability and continuous operation of membrane processes. Various ideas about how the enantioselective membranes should look like have been published in the last thirty years. The mechanism of enantiomeric separation on a membrane is, however, highly specific, and still requires extensive research. In this work, four types of enantioselective polymeric membranes are presented. Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Development of Polymeric Enantioselective Membranes

Enantiomers are molecules that share the same chemical formula but in space form mirror images of each other. Their reactions with other chiral molecules can be remarkably different, which is crucial ...

Čížek, Jan
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Synthesis of Fluorinated Methyl β-Lactosides
Krčil, Aleš
2024 - anglický
In my contribution, I will describe the synthesis of a complete series of mono-deoxyfluorinated methyl β-lactosides (1–7). Their affinity towards hgals will be determined by analytical method ELISA. The synthesis relies on monosaccharide building blocks, which serves as key intermediates that are transformed into the target products through glycosylation followed by final deprotection steps. Klíčová slova: flurinated carbohydrates; galectin; deoxyfluorination Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Synthesis of Fluorinated Methyl β-Lactosides

In my contribution, I will describe the synthesis of a complete series of mono-deoxyfluorinated methyl β-lactosides (1–7). Their affinity towards hgals will be determined by analytical method ELISA. ...

Krčil, Aleš
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Investigation of Mechanical Processing of Solar Photovoltaic Panels
Šperlich, Antonín
2024 - anglický
This work aims to describe the possibilities of mechanical treatment of solar photovoltaic panels. In the first part, the shredding and milling process for the transformation of the product (whole panel) into material that can be further processed, was investigated. Milled material was sieved and analyzed. It was observed that this shredding also works as a selective grinding because three main products were produced. The second part of this work was aimed at the physical concentration of silver in real samples of milled solar photovoltaic panels by Knelson separator. This device (type of centrifugal separator) showed the ability to significantly increase the amount of silver in the outcome stream. Klíčová slova: solar photovoltaic panels; selective milling; Knelson Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Investigation of Mechanical Processing of Solar Photovoltaic Panels

This work aims to describe the possibilities of mechanical treatment of solar photovoltaic panels. In the first part, the shredding and milling process for the transformation of the product (whole ...

Šperlich, Antonín
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Axial Dispersion and Mass Transfer in Bubble Column
Terentyak, Mark
2024 - anglický
The objective of the study is to experimentally investigate axial dispersion and mass transfer within a bubble column, examining their mutual interrelation\nand their correlation with operational parameters and AR1. Klíčová slova: bubble column; axial dispersion; mass transfer Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Axial Dispersion and Mass Transfer in Bubble Column

The objective of the study is to experimentally investigate axial dispersion and mass transfer within a bubble column, examining their mutual interrelation\nand their correlation with operational ...

Terentyak, Mark
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Exploring Bubble Dynamics with VOF Method Simulations: Insights from Two Fundamental Gas-Liquid Flow Case Studies
Harrandt, Václav
2024 - anglický
The present study focuses on the flow of Taylor bubbles, representing the interaction between the channel wall and the gas phase, and the collision of\na bubble with a vortex ring, serving as a model liquid-gas interaction. Understanding the former case can be essential to prevent the membrane\nfouling or the flow induced corrosion. The dynamics of the latter case is the predictive criterion for whether the initial mother bubble will break up into the daughter bubbles or not2 and this process can therefore be used as an idealized model of turbulent bubble flow. Klíčová slova: bubble dynamics; multiphase interaction,; numerical simulation Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Exploring Bubble Dynamics with VOF Method Simulations: Insights from Two Fundamental Gas-Liquid Flow Case Studies

The present study focuses on the flow of Taylor bubbles, representing the interaction between the channel wall and the gas phase, and the collision of\na bubble with a vortex ring, serving as a model ...

Harrandt, Václav
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

The Influence of Geometric Parameters of 3D Printed Structured Beds on Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Trickle-Bed Reactor
Nyklíčková, Kateřina
2024 - anglický
The study examines a parametric set of POCS structures, where cubic cell is the basic element. The parameters such as strut diameter sd and cell size cs were varied1. These modifications are implemented with an emphasis on maintaining similar porosity and specific surface area for these structures. Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
The Influence of Geometric Parameters of 3D Printed Structured Beds on Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Trickle-Bed Reactor

The study examines a parametric set of POCS structures, where cubic cell is the basic element. The parameters such as strut diameter sd and cell size cs were varied1. These modifications are ...

Nyklíčková, Kateřina
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Emerging Contaminants in Sewage Sludge: Analysis and Their Removal by Pyrolysis
Hušek, Matěj
2024 - anglický
The study continues with flame retardants (e.g., phosphorus-based or brominated) present in sludge, which may pose a hazard to nature and human health3,4. There is a lack of information on their pyrolysis removal and occurrence in the sludge in the Czech Republic. Klíčová slova: sewage sludge; pyrolysis; PFAS; flame retardants Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Emerging Contaminants in Sewage Sludge: Analysis and Their Removal by Pyrolysis

The study continues with flame retardants (e.g., phosphorus-based or brominated) present in sludge, which may pose a hazard to nature and human health3,4. There is a lack of information on their ...

Hušek, Matěj
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Cholinium Based Ionic Liquids: Influence of Water as a Co-solvent on Their Physico-chemical Properties and Preliminary Results for Dissolution of Biopolymers
Souvenir Zafindrajaona, Mahasoa-Salina
2024 - anglický
Ionic liquids (ILs) are emerging as promising alternative solvents in the field of natural substance extraction, offering significant advantages over traditional solvents. Since the last decade, we notice the increasing use of greener solvent alternatives such as Natural Deep Eutectic Solvents (NaDES) or ILs for the extraction of highly valuable compounds from natural sources such as lignocellulose. During this presentation, the influence of water on heat capacity, density, speed of sound and TGA will be discussed and the preliminary results for lignin dissolution willbe presented. Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Cholinium Based Ionic Liquids: Influence of Water as a Co-solvent on Their Physico-chemical Properties and Preliminary Results for Dissolution of Biopolymers

Ionic liquids (ILs) are emerging as promising alternative solvents in the field of natural substance extraction, offering significant advantages over traditional solvents. Since the last decade, we ...

Souvenir Zafindrajaona, Mahasoa-Salina
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Metody úprav čistírenských kalů pro aplikaci v zemědělství s ohledem na mikropolutanty
Vítková, M.; Komárek, M.; Wickramasinghe, N.; Pohořelý, Michael; Moško, Jaroslav; Hušek, Matěj; Cajthaml, Tomáš; Grasserová, Alena; Čechmánková, J.; Vácha, R.; Zimová, M.
2024 - český
Cílem předkládané metodiky je popsat možnosti úpravy čistírenských kalů kompostováním a pyrolýzou pro aplikaci v zemědělství, a to zejména s ohledem na tzv. mikropolutanty, ale i na konvenční polutanty, a posoudit rizika upravených kalů pro půdní prostředí a vstup (mikro)polutantů do pěstovaných plodin. Metodika vychází z výsledků laboratorních a terénních experimentů tříletého projektu a z kritického přístupu ke kalům jako potenciálně nebezpečnému odpadu na straně jedné a recyklovatelného zdroje živin na straně druhé. The aim of the methodology is to describe the possibilities of sewage sludge treatment by composting and pyrolysis for the application in agriculture, with particular respect to the so-called micropollutants, but also to conventional pollutants, and to assess the risks of treated sludge for the soil environment and the uptake of (micro)pollutants by cultivated crops. The methodology is based on the results from laboratory and field experiments of a three-year project and on a critical approach to sludge as a potentially hazardous waste on the one hand and a recyclable source of nutrients on the other. Klíčová slova: pyrolysi; composting; emerging pollutants; soil; plant uptake; leaching Plné texty jsou dostupné na vyžádání prostřednictvím repozitáře Akademie věd.
Metody úprav čistírenských kalů pro aplikaci v zemědělství s ohledem na mikropolutanty

Cílem předkládané metodiky je popsat možnosti úpravy čistírenských kalů kompostováním a pyrolýzou pro aplikaci v zemědělství, a to zejména s ohledem na tzv. mikropolutanty, ale i na konvenční ...

Vítková, M.; Komárek, M.; Wickramasinghe, N.; Pohořelý, Michael; Moško, Jaroslav; Hušek, Matěj; Cajthaml, Tomáš; Grasserová, Alena; Čechmánková, J.; Vácha, R.; Zimová, M.
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Growth and Phosphorus Dynamics During Tolypothrix tenuis Cultivation – a Cyanobacterium of Biotechnological Potential
Mušálková, Petra
2024 - anglický
Here I investigated the course of biomass growth, phosphorus uptake and changes in intracellular phosphorus content in T. tenuis in a batch cultivation. Cultivation experiment was held in multiple bubble columns during a light regime (alternating light and dark periods 16 and 8h). Thanks to this experiment I was able to obtain a growth curve of T. tenuis. The decrease of phosphorus concentration in the medium was disproportionally faster\nthan biomass growth resulting in significant oscillations of phosphorus content in the biomass, which are typical characteristics for LPU. It was also observed, that after all phosphorus was removed from the medium, the algae growth continues over time, while obviously utilizing intracellular phosphorus reserves. These findings are valuable in course of using this cyanobacterium for efficient bioremediation of eutrophic water based on phosphorus removal by targeted algae cultivation. Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Growth and Phosphorus Dynamics During Tolypothrix tenuis Cultivation – a Cyanobacterium of Biotechnological Potential

Here I investigated the course of biomass growth, phosphorus uptake and changes in intracellular phosphorus content in T. tenuis in a batch cultivation. Cultivation experiment was held in multiple ...

Mušálková, Petra
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

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