Number of found documents: 3139
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Asynchronous time integration while achieving zero interface energy
Dvořák, Radim; Kolman, Radek; Falta, J.; Neühauserová, M.
2023 - English
This contribution deals with an asynchronous direct time integration of the finite-element model. The proposed method is applied to the phenomenon of wave propagation through an elastic linear continuum. The numerical model is partitioned into individual subdomains using the domain decomposition method by means of localized Lagrange multipliers. For each subdomain, different time discretizations are used. No restrictions for relation between subdomain’s time steps are imposed. The coupling of the subdomains is forced by an acceleration continuity condition. Additionally, we use the a posteriori technique to also provide the displacement and velocity continuity at the interfaces, and hence we obtain exact continuity of all three kinematic fields. The proposed method is experimentally validated using the modified SHPB (split Hopkinson pressure bar) setup. Keywords: finite element method; direct time integration; asynchronous integration; domain decomposition; localized lagrange multipliers Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Asynchronous time integration while achieving zero interface energy

This contribution deals with an asynchronous direct time integration of the finite-element model. The proposed method is applied to the phenomenon of wave propagation through an elastic linear ...

Dvořák, Radim; Kolman, Radek; Falta, J.; Neühauserová, M.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Comparison of finite element simulation of tungsten nanoindentation with Berkovich and conical indenter
Fiala, L.; Ballo, I.; Kovář, J.; Fuis, Vladimír
2023 - English
Finite Element Method (FEM) was used to study the difference between using Berkovich and conical indenters in nanoindentation test of tungsten specimen. The study was aimed to determine the\nmodulus of elasticity of a tested specimen and how it changes with different indenter. The FEM analysis also revealed that the modulus of elasticity was sensitive to the dimensions of both specimen and the indenter for which were made several numerical calculations with different dimensions. Keywords: nanoindentation; FEM; Berkovich indenter; conical indenter; tungsten Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Comparison of finite element simulation of tungsten nanoindentation with Berkovich and conical indenter

Finite Element Method (FEM) was used to study the difference between using Berkovich and conical indenters in nanoindentation test of tungsten specimen. The study was aimed to determine the\nmodulus ...

Fiala, L.; Ballo, I.; Kovář, J.; Fuis, Vladimír
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Optical and Pneumatic Measurements on TR-U-11 Cascade
Luxa, Martin; Hála, Jindřich; Šimurda, David
2023 - English
The report contains results and evaluation of conducted optical (interferometry and schlieren technique) and pneumatic measurements on the first variant of the new tip section, intended for turbine rotor blade. Keywords: transonic flow; rotor turbine blade; tip section Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Optical and Pneumatic Measurements on TR-U-11 Cascade

The report contains results and evaluation of conducted optical (interferometry and schlieren technique) and pneumatic measurements on the first variant of the new tip section, intended for turbine ...

Luxa, Martin; Hála, Jindřich; Šimurda, David
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Výpočty výměníku mezi primárním okruhem a meziokruhem malého modulárního reaktoru DAVID
Kobylka, D.; Hrubý, Jan; Kordík, Jozef; Gabriel, Dušan; Marek, René; Isoz, Martin
2023 - Czech
The report summarizes the joint results of the Department of Nuclear Reactors FNSPE, CTU and IT CAS, in the area of thermal and hydraulic calculations of the heat exchanger between the primary and intermediate circuits of the developed small modular reactor (SMR) DAVID. The assignment parameters were further specified during control days and with updated documentation. During the analysis of the initial system parameters, it was found that the original geometric configuration of the exchanger had a completely insufficient surface for heat transfer. A decision was made, several parameters were modified and based on a series of calculations using two independent simplified models, a reasonable configuration with a significantly smaller diameter of the tubes in a significantly larger number was chosen. The pressure losses on both sides of the heat exchanger are within normal ranges and will not cause problems with the construction of these circuits. Although there are differences between the results from both used models, their comparison shows that the chosen different calculation methods lead to approximately the same results and the models do not show fundamental errors. Keywords: small modular reactor DAVID; thermodynamics; heat exchanger Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Výpočty výměníku mezi primárním okruhem a meziokruhem malého modulárního reaktoru DAVID

The report summarizes the joint results of the Department of Nuclear Reactors FNSPE, CTU and IT CAS, in the area of thermal and hydraulic calculations of the heat exchanger between the primary and ...

Kobylka, D.; Hrubý, Jan; Kordík, Jozef; Gabriel, Dušan; Marek, René; Isoz, Martin
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

The design of Bayesian diagnostic expert system Querix and it’s engineering application
Věchet, Stanislav; Krejsa, Jiří; Chen, K.-S.
2023 - English
Expert systems have gained attention over the last two decades as they bring the possibility of using expert knowledge in various control systems. However, it has lost attraction in favor of artificial neural networks in recent years, which is mostly influenced by the availability of data to train neural network models and the availability of various frameworks to achieve fast time-to-market applications for given solutions. Keywords: expert system; decision making; advanced diagnostic; autonomous navigation; RPA Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The design of Bayesian diagnostic expert system Querix and it’s engineering application

Expert systems have gained attention over the last two decades as they bring the possibility of using expert knowledge in various control systems. However, it has lost attraction in favor of ...

Věchet, Stanislav; Krejsa, Jiří; Chen, K.-S.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Statistical Approach for BTT probes distribution
Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Šmíd, R.; Tchawou Tchuisseu, Eder Batista
2023 - English
Blade tip timing (BTT) system is a non-invasive method used for measuring the blade tip timing of rotating machinery. The BTT system typically consists of sensor probes, signal conditioning system, and data acquisition unit. The sensor probes are placed in proximity to the rotating blade tips, Sensors measure the time at which each blade passes by the probe. By measuring the blade tip timing, the BTT system can detect changes in the blade tip vibration, which is an important for the health monitoring and performance optimization of rotating machinery [1]. To ensure accurate measurement of blade tip timing, the probe arrangement is crucial. The placement of the probe relative to the blade tips can affect the measurement accuracy, and thus, several arrangement algorithms have been developed to optimize the placement of the probes. Instead of considering the condition number, a statistical algorithms is followed to optimize the placement of probes for accurate measurement of blade tip timing in turbo-machinery. The statistical approach will be employed to determine the optimal locations for probes, with the aim of reducing errors in the measurement of blade tip timing. \n Keywords: blade tip timing principle; RMSE; blade´s dynamics Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Statistical Approach for BTT probes distribution

Blade tip timing (BTT) system is a non-invasive method used for measuring the blade tip timing of rotating machinery. The BTT system typically consists of sensor probes, signal conditioning system, ...

Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Šmíd, R.; Tchawou Tchuisseu, Eder Batista
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Střední úroveň řízení měniče FB-MMC s topologií Delta
Kokeš, Petr
2023 - Czech
Regulace modulárního vícehladinového měniče (Modular Multilevel Converter, MMC) je technicky podstatně komplikovanější, než měniče klasického, a to nejen kvůli velkému počtu jednotlivých buněk. Na rozdíl od klasického měniče se zde musíme zabývat další úrovní řízení, která představuje balancování napětí mezi větvemi měniče a řízení kruhových proudů uvnitř měniče. Ve zprávě je analyzována vhodná metoda a navržena regulační struktura pro balancování napětí mezi všemi třemi větvemi MMC v zapojení do trojúhelníku (Delta) s buňkami typu úplného můstku (Full H-bridge, FB). Následně byla ověřována činnost tohoto balancování pomocí počítačových simulací a praktických zkoušek na dvou fyzikálních modelech MMC pro sítě 400V a 6kV s implementovanou funkcí aktivního filtru. Control of a modular multilevel converter (MMC) is technically far more complicated than control of a standard 2-level converter. It is not only because of a great number of series-connected cells. For a MMC converter we need to cope with another control level (mentioned here as the middle-level control), which means balancing of voltages among MMC branches and the control of currents circulating inside this converter. For the Delta connected MMC with full H–bridge (FH) cells a convenient method for voltage balancing among all three MMC branches has been analysed and the appropriate control structure has been designed. Then the functionality of this balancing method has been verified using computer simulations and also tested with two MMC physical models operating as active power filters on 400V and 6kV grids. Keywords: Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC); voltage balancing; control; Delta connection Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Střední úroveň řízení měniče FB-MMC s topologií Delta

Regulace modulárního vícehladinového měniče (Modular Multilevel Converter, MMC) je technicky podstatně komplikovanější, než měniče klasického, a to nejen kvůli velkému počtu jednotlivých buněk. Na ...

Kokeš, Petr
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Reduced modelling of aeroelastic instability in a turbine blade cascade
Pešek, Luděk; Šnábl, Pavel; Prasad, Chandra Shekhar
2023 - English
The contribution deals with the first results on flutter instability of the linear cascade triggered by impulse excitation. Together with experimental results, numerical results obtained by reduced modelling of the cascade using van der Pol model of self-excitation are presented and discussed. Keywords: flutter; blade cascade; self-excitation; Van der Pol Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Reduced modelling of aeroelastic instability in a turbine blade cascade

The contribution deals with the first results on flutter instability of the linear cascade triggered by impulse excitation. Together with experimental results, numerical results obtained by reduced ...

Pešek, Luděk; Šnábl, Pavel; Prasad, Chandra Shekhar
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Implementation of a plasticity model with advanced kinematic hardening rule for additively manufactured materials
Marek, René; Parma, Slavomír; Gabriel, Dušan; Džugan, J.
2023 - English
This technical report summarizes particularly the modeling part of the project DP 04_01_NPO “Emission-free technologies for local energy sources replacement” including development of models to describe multi-material 3D printed structures. The work is done in cooperation between COMTES FHT, a.s., the Institute of Thermomechanics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i. and PROINNO, a.s. The goal of the project is the development of material models describing the behavior of multi-material components deposited by the direct deposition method (DED) under multiaxial cyclic loading.\nIn the report, a plasticity model suitable for materials prepared by the additive manufacturing method is compiled and used. The model uses Hill's plasticity condition, an advanced multi-component kinematic hardening rule, and an isotropic hardening rule. The associated flow rule is chosen and the implementation assumes the theory of small deformations. All constitutive relationships are presented and discussed for the selected model, and the model is thus fully and unambiguously formulated. The model is analytically integrated for a special case of loading and a special choice of parameters of the plasticity condition, namely transverse isotropy. A discretization scheme for numerical integration and procedures for FE implementation of the model are presented. For the FE implementation, a formulation in the displacement field is assumed, specifically the FE solver Abaqus and the implementation of the model using the UMAT interface are targeted. Several examples of the model's response to monotonic, uniaxial and biaxial cyclic loading trajectories are presented. \n Tato zpráva shrnuje postup prací na dílčím projektu DP 04_01_NPO “Emission-free technologies for local energy sources replacement” zahrnující vývoj modelů pro popis chování multi-materiálových 3D tištěných struktur řešený v konsorciu COMTES FHT, a.s., Ústav termomechaniky AV ČR, v.v.i. a PROINNO, a.s. Cílem projektu je vývoj materiálových modelů popisujících chování multi-materiálových komponent deponovaných metodou přímé depozice (DED) pří víceosém cyklickém zatěžování. \nVe zprávě je sestaven a použit model plasticity vhodný pro materiály připravené metodou aditivní výroby. Model využívá Hillovu podmínku plasticity, pokročilý vícesložkový model kinematického zpevnění a model isotropního zpevnění. Je zvolen asociovaný zákon tečení a implementace předpokládá teorii malých deformací. Pro zvolený model jsou uvedeny a diskutovány všechny konstitutivní vztahy a model je tak plně a jednoznačně formulován. Model je analyticky integrován pro speciální případ zatěžování a speciální volbu parametrů podmínky plasticity, konkrétně příčnou isotropii. Je prezentováno diskretizační schema pro numerickou integraci a procedury pro MKP implementaci modelu. U MKP implementace se předpokládá formulace v poli posunutí, konkrétně je pak cíleno na MKP řešič Abaqus a implementaci modelu pomocí rozhraní UMAT. Je prezentováno několik příkladů odezvy modelu na monotónní, jednoosé a víceosé cycklické zatěžovací trajektorie.\n Keywords: plasticity; anisotropy; additive manufacturing Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Implementation of a plasticity model with advanced kinematic hardening rule for additively manufactured materials

This technical report summarizes particularly the modeling part of the project DP 04_01_NPO “Emission-free technologies for local energy sources replacement” including development of models to ...

Marek, René; Parma, Slavomír; Gabriel, Dušan; Džugan, J.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Posouzení výpočtové dokumentace zaměřené na hodnocení analýzy dopradu zvýšení výkonu bloků EDU II na vibrace potrubí NV a posouzení vlivu zvýšení průtoku média na vibrace parovodů a uložení potrubí
Šulc, Petr; Pešek, Luděk; Gabriel, Dušan
2023 - Czech
Tato technická zpráva byla vypracována pro Státní úřad pro jadernou bezpečnost v rámci zakázky 772201-Expertní podpora SÚJB v oblasti hodnocení pevnosti a životnosti strojních komponent. Zpráva byla vypracována jako posudek k technické zprávě ÚJV DITI 2301/1350: 6729 - Využití projektových rezerv EDU II - 6.3 - analýzy vibrací POTRUBÍ nV a 6.03 Posouzení vlivu zvýšení průtoku média na vibrace parovodů a uložení potrubí vypracované pracovníky oddělení Hodnocení pevnosti a životnosti ÚJV Řež, a. s. a pracovníky Ústavu aplikované mechaniky Brno, s.r.o.. Účelem zprávy [T574/23] bylo podat SÚJB vlastní odborné stanovisko / nezávislé vyjádření k výrokům autorů zprávy ÚJV Řež. V souladu s požadavkem SÚJB byl při zpracování posudku kladen důraz zejména na dynamické aspekty dané problematiky. Posuzovatel zaujal k předložené zprávě ÚJV souhlasné stanovisko s několika drobnými připomínkami vesměs formální povahy. This technical report has been prepared for the State Office for Nuclear Safety within the framework of the contract 772201-Expert support to SÚJB in the field of strength and durability assessment of machine components. The report was prepared as an opinion to the technical report UJV DITI 2301/1350: 6729 - Utilisation of EDU II design reserves - 6.3 - Vibration analysis of the PIPELINE nV and 6.03 Assessment of the effect of increased media flow rate on the vibration of steam pipelines and pipeline embedment prepared by the staff of the Strength and Durability Assessment Department of UJV Rez, a. The purpose of the report [T574/23] was to provide the SAJB with its own expert opinion / independent opinion on the statements of the authors of the ÚJV Řež report. In accordance with the requirement of the SNCB, the emphasis in the preparation of the report was placed on the dynamic aspects of the issue. The assessor took a favourable opinion on the submitted UJV report with a few minor comments, mostly of a formal nature.\n\n Keywords: vibration; steam pipe; feed water pipe; steam generator Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Posouzení výpočtové dokumentace zaměřené na hodnocení analýzy dopradu zvýšení výkonu bloků EDU II na vibrace potrubí NV a posouzení vlivu zvýšení průtoku média na vibrace parovodů a uložení potrubí

Tato technická zpráva byla vypracována pro Státní úřad pro jadernou bezpečnost v rámci zakázky 772201-Expertní podpora SÚJB v oblasti hodnocení pevnosti a životnosti strojních komponent. Zpráva byla ...

Šulc, Petr; Pešek, Luděk; Gabriel, Dušan
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

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