Number of found documents: 1041
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On sepulchral memory in an epigraphic campaign: The towns of Prague after the events of 1648
Roháček, Jiří
2019 - English
The more than four-month successful defense of the Old and New Towns of Prague against Swedish troops in 1648 was relatively small in the context of the Thirty Years' War, but a very important episode for Prague cities and to a large extent for Bohemia. In Prague we can observe the remains of a relevant, originally certainly much richer epigraphic campaign, which has two main directions - the first is connected with thanks to Virgin Mary as protector and intercessor of cities, the second with contextual presentation of improved coats of arm of Old and New Town. Surprising is, however, the absence of a larger sepulchral memorie of 219 fallen defenders. The only preserved monument is the epitaph of Václav Čabelický of Soutice in the Church of Our Lady before Týn. The figural epitaph is known for its rich heraldic and epigraphic accompaniment. This fact raises a number of questions about the position of sepulchral and epigraphic monuments in a collective memory. Keywords: epigraphy; inscription; sepulchral monuments; memory; campaign; Prague; Bohemia; 17th century Available at various institutes of the ASCR
On sepulchral memory in an epigraphic campaign: The towns of Prague after the events of 1648

The more than four-month successful defense of the Old and New Towns of Prague against Swedish troops in 1648 was relatively small in the context of the Thirty Years' War, but a very important episode ...

Roháček, Jiří
Ústav dějin umění, 2019

Stakeholder consultation: needs assessment
Dvořáčková, Jana; Rozsíval, F.; Slezáková, Katarína
2019 - English
The text was created in the framework of the Gender Equality Academy project which aims to develop and implement a high-quality capacity-building programme on gender equality in research, innovation and higher education. It presents an overview of the results of 1) quantitative survey and 2) qualitative interviews mapping the training needs of different target audiences (HR managers, management of research performing organizations, gender trainers and experts, researchers) to help tailor the future capacity-building programme to their needs. Keywords: Higher education; research; gender Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Stakeholder consultation: needs assessment

The text was created in the framework of the Gender Equality Academy project which aims to develop and implement a high-quality capacity-building programme on gender equality in research, innovation ...

Dvořáčková, Jana; Rozsíval, F.; Slezáková, Katarína
Sociologický ústav, 2019

Worker heterogeneity and the asymmetric effects of minimum wages
Luna Alpizar, Jose Luis
2019 - English
This paper explores the notion that minimum wages affect different lowskilled workers aszmmetrically due to productivity differences. In a search model with worker heterogeneity, a rising minimum wage lowers the employment and labor force participation of the least productive workers by pricing them out of the market, while having the opposite effect on other low-skilled workers that remain hirable. CPS data supports these predictions; a rise in the minimum reduces the employment and labor force participation of teenagers with less than high school education, but has the opposite effect on prime-age workers with high school attainment. The calibrated model requires small firm surpluses to match these observations. If firm surplus is small due to high nonmarket activity values, a moderate rise in the minimum improves aggregate welfare even when the worker's bergaining weight is high. Keywords: minimum wages; search and matching; unemployment Fulltext is available at external website.
Worker heterogeneity and the asymmetric effects of minimum wages

This paper explores the notion that minimum wages affect different lowskilled workers aszmmetrically due to productivity differences. In a search model with worker heterogeneity, a rising minimum wage ...

Luna Alpizar, Jose Luis
Národohospodářský ústav, 2019

Do minorities misrepresent their ethnicity to avoid discrimination?
Kudashvili, Nikoloz; Lergetporer, P.
2019 - English
Discrimination against minorities is pervasive in many societies, but little is known about strategies minorities may apply to minimize discrimination. In our trust game with 758 highschool students in the country of Georgia, ethnic Georgian trustors discriminate against the ethnic Armenian minority group. We introduce an initial signaling stage to investigate Armenians’ willingness to hide their ethnicity to avoid expected discrimination. 43 percent of Armenian trustees untruthfully signal that they have a Georgian name. Signaling behavior is driven by expected transfers and non-pecuniary motives. This strategic misrepresentation of ethnicity increases Georgian trustors’ expected back transfers and eliminates their discriminatory behavior.\n Keywords: discrimination; trust game; experiment Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Do minorities misrepresent their ethnicity to avoid discrimination?

Discrimination against minorities is pervasive in many societies, but little is known about strategies minorities may apply to minimize discrimination. In our trust game with 758 highschool students ...

Kudashvili, Nikoloz; Lergetporer, P.
Národohospodářský ústav, 2019

Predatory publications in Scopus: evidence on cross-country differences
Macháček, Vít; Srholec, Martin
2019 - English
The paper maps the infiltration of so-called “predatory” scholarly journals into the citation database Scopus. Using the names of “potential, possible, or probable” predatory journals and publishers on Beall’s lists, we derived ISSNs of the respective journals from Ulrichsweb and searched Scopus with it. A total of 324 matched journals with 164 thousand documents indexed in Scopus over 2015-2017, making up a share of 2.8 % of the total articles have been identified. An analysis of cross-country differences in the tendency to publish in these journals reveals that overall the most affected are middle-income countries in Asia and North Africa. Kazakhstan is the country with the largest tendency to publish in predatory journals (18 %). More than 5 % is reported in 20 countries, including large countries such as Indonesia (18 %), Malaysia (11 %), India (10 %), or Nigeria (7 %). Neither developed countries are resistant to predatory publishing. More than 16 000 “potentially predatory” articles were published by authors from United States (0.67 %). Keywords: predatory journals; Beall's list; open access Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Predatory publications in Scopus: evidence on cross-country differences

The paper maps the infiltration of so-called “predatory” scholarly journals into the citation database Scopus. Using the names of “potential, possible, or probable” predatory journals and publishers ...

Macháček, Vít; Srholec, Martin
Národohospodářský ústav, 2019

Quality Standards: Expert and Stakeholder Consultation
Dvořáčková, Jana; Slezáková, Katarína; Cacace, M.
2019 - English
The text was created in the framework of the Gender Equality Academy project which aims to develop and implement a capacity-building programme on gender equality in research, innovation and higher education. It focuses on quality standards for training concepts and materials, and for trainers’ profiles and presents an overview of the results of expert and stakeholder consultation aimed at refining the set of standards identified and selected as part of the project. Keywords: Higher education; human resources development; gender Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Quality Standards: Expert and Stakeholder Consultation

The text was created in the framework of the Gender Equality Academy project which aims to develop and implement a capacity-building programme on gender equality in research, innovation and higher ...

Dvořáčková, Jana; Slezáková, Katarína; Cacace, M.
Sociologický ústav, 2019

A human capital theory of structural transformation
Gillman, Max
2019 - English
The paper presents a human capital based theory of the sectoral transformation along the balanced growth path equilibrium. Allowing a small upward trend in the productivity of the human capital sector, combined with differential human capital intensity and constant productivity across sectors, output gradually shifts over time from relatively less human capital intensive sectors towards more human capital intensive sectors. Sectors intensive in the factor that is becoming relatively more plentiful find their relative prices falling, their "effective productivities" rising at differential rates inversely to their relative price decline, and their relative outputs expanding. Adding more sectors of greater human capital intensity causes labor time to decrease across existing sectors, and by relatively more in the least human capital sectors. Keywords: human capital intensity; sectoral allocation; labor shares Fulltext is available at external website.
A human capital theory of structural transformation

The paper presents a human capital based theory of the sectoral transformation along the balanced growth path equilibrium. Allowing a small upward trend in the productivity of the human capital ...

Gillman, Max
Národohospodářský ústav, 2019

Granger predictability of oil prices after the great recession
Benk, S.; Gillman, Max
2019 - English
Real oil prices surged from 2009 through 2014, comparable to the 1970ís oil shock period. Standard explanations based on monopoly markup fall short since ináation remained low after 2009. This paper contributes strong evidence of Granger (1969) predictability of nominal factors to oil prices, using one adjustment to monetary aggregates. This adjustment is the subtraction from the monetary aggregates of the 2008-2009 Federal Reserve borrowing of reserves from other Central Banks (Swaps), made after US reserves turned negative. This adjustment is key in that Granger predictability from standard monetary aggregates is found only with the Swaps subtracted. Keywords: oil price shocks; granger predictability; monetary base Fulltext is available at external website.
Granger predictability of oil prices after the great recession

Real oil prices surged from 2009 through 2014, comparable to the 1970ís oil shock period. Standard explanations based on monopoly markup fall short since ináation remained low after 2009. This paper ...

Benk, S.; Gillman, Max
Národohospodářský ústav, 2019

Assessing the reliability of stress as a feature of authorship attribution in syllabic and accentual syllabic verse
Plecháč, Petr; Birnbaum, D. J.
2019 - English
This work builds on a recent study by one of the authors, which shows that statistics about versification may be used as a feature in the process of authorship attribution. One such statistic is what we have called the stress profile of a poem, a vector consisting of frequencies of stressed syllables at particular metrical positions. Our initial hypothesis was that because syllabic versification (SV) regulates by definition the number of syllables in a line but not the distribution of stresses, it allows authors to individualize their rhythmical style much more than accentual syllabic versification (ASV), where the distribution of stresses is primarily determined by meter. For that reason, we expected the stress profile to be a more reliable indicator of authorship in Spanish SV than in Czech or German ASV. This hypothesis, however, was not supported by our analysis. For most of our samples, German ASV had lower accuracy than Spanish, which we had predicted, but, contrary to our expectations, the accuracy for Czech ASV and Spanish SV were more or less the same. This result led us to hypothesize further that the traditional labels SV and ASV were misleading and we sought to measure the tonic entropy of our data. In this case, Spanish SV, as expected, was found to be the least tonically regular, while there was a significant difference between the two ASV systems: the values for Czech were even closer to Spanish than to the low-scoring German system. This explains why our initial grouping of Czech and German together into a single ASV category was insufficiently nuanced. Keywords: versification; authorship attribution; poetry Fulltext is available at external website.
Assessing the reliability of stress as a feature of authorship attribution in syllabic and accentual syllabic verse

This work builds on a recent study by one of the authors, which shows that statistics about versification may be used as a feature in the process of authorship attribution. One such statistic is what ...

Plecháč, Petr; Birnbaum, D. J.
Ústav pro českou literaturu, 2019

Attentional role of quota implementation
Matveenko, Andrei; Mikhalishchev, S.
2019 - English
This paper introduces a new role of quotas, e.g., labor market quotas: the attentional role. We study the effect of quota implementation on the attention allocation strategy of a rationally inattentive (RI) agent. Our main result is that an RI agent who is forced to fulfill a quota never hires the candidates without acquiring information about them, unlike an unrestricted RI agent\nwho in some cases bases her decision on prior belief only. We also show that in our context quotas are equivalent to other types of affirmative policies such as subsidies and blind resume policy. We show how our results can be used to set a quota level that increases the expected value of the chosen candidate and also decreases statistical discrimination and discrimination in terms of how much attention is paid to each applicant. At the same time, quota implementation could be destructive if the social planner has imperfect information about the parameters of the model.\n Keywords: discrete choice; rational inattention; multinomial logit Fulltext is available at external website.
Attentional role of quota implementation

This paper introduces a new role of quotas, e.g., labor market quotas: the attentional role. We study the effect of quota implementation on the attention allocation strategy of a rationally ...

Matveenko, Andrei; Mikhalishchev, S.
Národohospodářský ústav, 2019

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