Number of found documents: 298
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Droplets breakage in flow conditions of an agitated tank
Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Kotek, M.
2018 - English
Production of two immiscible liquid dispersions used in chemical or metallurgical industry is usually performed by a mixing process. The droplets of secondary liquid are predominantly dispersed by the shear flow forces to the primary liquid. It is well known, that the real droplet size distribution is limited by the physical properties of both liquids, the acting forces and residence time. This phenomenon is investigated experimentally or numerically simulated by several methods. In this study, the simplified mixing test case was studied. The single droplet dispergation was simulated using finite volume method and multiphase VOF (Volume-of-Fluid) model. The capability of the local remeshing method was investigated. The increase of calculation performance and the phases mass imbalance during automatic mesh refinement is summarized. Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Droplets breakage in flow conditions of an agitated tank

Production of two immiscible liquid dispersions used in chemical or metallurgical industry is usually performed by a mixing process. The droplets of secondary liquid are predominantly dispersed by the ...

Kysela, Bohuš; Konfršt, Jiří; Chára, Zdeněk; Šulc, R.; Kotek, M.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Local velocity scaling in upward flow to tooth impeller in a fully turbulent region
Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
2018 - English
The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical flat bottom vessel 400 mm in inner diameter agitated by a tooth impeller 133 mm in diameter. Distilled water was used as the agitated liquid. The velocity fields were investigated in the upward flow to the impeller for three impeller rotation speeds – 300 rpm, 500 rpm and 700 rpm, corresponding to a Reynolds number in the range 94 000 < Re < 221 000. This means that fully-developed turbulent flow was reached. This Re range secures the fully-developed turbulent flow in an agitated liquid. In accordance with the theory of mixing, the dimensionless mean and fluctuation velocities in the measured directions were found to be constant and independent of the impeller Reynolds number. On the basis of the test results the spatial distributions of dimensionless velocities were calculated. The axial turbulence intensity was found to be in the majority in the range from 0.4 to 0.7, which corresponds to the middle level of turbulence intensity. Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Local velocity scaling in upward flow to tooth impeller in a fully turbulent region

The hydrodynamics and flow field were measured in an agitated vessel using 2-D Time Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry (2-D TR PIV). The experiments were carried out in a fully baffled cylindrical ...

Šulc, R.; Ditl, P.; Fořt, I.; Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kopecký, V.; Kysela, Bohuš
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Preparation and characterization of fibrous non-woven textile decorated by silver nanoparticles for water filtration
Peer, Petra; Polášková, M.; Mosnáček, J.; Sedlařiková, J.; Masař, M.
2018 - English
Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Preparation and characterization of fibrous non-woven textile decorated by silver nanoparticles for water filtration

Peer, Petra; Polášková, M.; Mosnáček, J.; Sedlařiková, J.; Masař, M.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Dispersion kinetics in mechanically agitated vessel
Bucciarelli, E.; Formánek, R.; Kysela, Bohuš; Fořt, I.; Šulc, R.
2018 - English
Agitation of two immiscible liquids or solid-liquid suspension is a frequent operation in chemical and metallurgical industries. Prediction of mean drop/particle size and drop/particle size distribution (DSD) is vital for emulsification, suspension polymerization, solid particle dispersion or crystallization. Simulation of particulate systems requires the knowledge of DSD and its time evolution. The time evolution of drop size distribution was investigated in baffled vessel mechanically agitated by a Rushton turbine and a high-shear tooth impeller. The system water –silicone oil was used as a model liquid. The volume fraction of the dispersed phase was 0.047 %. The drop sizes were determined by image analysis. The time evolution of the drops size dp32 was studied for both impellers tested. The model used involves the first order kinetics. Finally, the following correlations predicted by the Kolmogorov-Hinze theory were evaluated at steady state: dp32/D = C1.We-0.6 and dpmax/D = C2.We-0.6, where We is the impeller Weber number. Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Dispersion kinetics in mechanically agitated vessel

Agitation of two immiscible liquids or solid-liquid suspension is a frequent operation in chemical and metallurgical industries. Prediction of mean drop/particle size and drop/particle size ...

Bucciarelli, E.; Formánek, R.; Kysela, Bohuš; Fořt, I.; Šulc, R.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Measurement of drop size distribution time rate for liquid-liquid dispersion using IPI method
Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kysela, Bohuš; Šulc, R.; Kopecký, V.
2018 - English
The liquid-liquid dispersion properties are studied mainly by image analysis (IA) and Interferometric Particle Imaging (IPI). Drop sizes will be investigated in dilute dispersion since in this case the break up phenomena is the dominating and is not affected by phase fraction. Characteristics of the size distribution and the evolution of two liquid-liquid phase’s disintegration were studied. The IPI method was used for subsequent detailed study of the disintegrated droplets. We compared two liquids: Rhodosil Oil 47V50, and Silicone Oil AP1000 under stirrer rate of 540 rpm, and 760 rpm. The experiment run in the scaled model of agitated tank with Rushton turbine. Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Measurement of drop size distribution time rate for liquid-liquid dispersion using IPI method

The liquid-liquid dispersion properties are studied mainly by image analysis (IA) and Interferometric Particle Imaging (IPI). Drop sizes will be investigated in dilute dispersion since in this case ...

Jašíková, D.; Kotek, M.; Kysela, Bohuš; Šulc, R.; Kopecký, V.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Thermal induced morphological changes of poly(ethylene oxide) nanofibrous webs
Polášková, M.; Peer, Petra; Ponížil, P.; Čermák, R.
2018 - English
The crystallinity of fibres prepared by electrospinning shows lower level in comparison with samples processed by common technologies such as moulding or film casting. Thus, the attempts to improve the structure of electrospun fibres in order to increase physical and mechanical properties of nonwoven webs are obvious. Post-process thermal treatment is one of the possibilities of the crystallinity enhancement that can be easily included to the finishing operation of final products. For the experiment we used poly(ethylene oxide) representing electrospun-friendly material and two solvents - methanol and water, both ensuring good electrospinnability. It is demonstrated that a choice of polymer solvents plays a significant role in fibre diameter and their capabilities to resist applied heat. However, in all cases the enhancement of crystallinity is detected at the short time of thermal exposure. Keywords: PEO nanofibres; degree of crystallinity; electrospinning Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Thermal induced morphological changes of poly(ethylene oxide) nanofibrous webs

The crystallinity of fibres prepared by electrospinning shows lower level in comparison with samples processed by common technologies such as moulding or film casting. Thus, the attempts to improve ...

Polášková, M.; Peer, Petra; Ponížil, P.; Čermák, R.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Modelling of non-monotonous course of shear viscosity
Filip, Petr
2018 - English
A number of parameters appearing in the 'classical' empirical constitutive equations usually oscillate between two and five. With the onset of new rheologically more complex materials exhibiting non-monotonous behaviour of flow curves this range (2-5) is no longer tenable and more additional parameters are required for a proper description of the flow curves. An 8-parameter model is presented and testified. Keywords: viscosity; flow curve; constitutive equation; empirical modelling Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Modelling of non-monotonous course of shear viscosity

A number of parameters appearing in the 'classical' empirical constitutive equations usually oscillate between two and five. With the onset of new rheologically more complex materials exhibiting ...

Filip, Petr
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

The role of solvents in the preparation of hydrophobic nanofibrous membrane containing fumed silica
Peer, Petra; Polášková, M.; Musilová, I.; Filip, Petr
2018 - English
It is well-known that a type of used fumed silica nanoparticles plays a dominant role in wettability of the corresponding nanofibrous mats. As a result, the desired contact angle can be approximately achieved by a choice of adequate fumed silica nanoparticles. However, less attention has been hitherto paid to an active role of solvents in connection with the tailoring this contact angle. For analysis we used poly(vinyl butyral) representing electrospun-friendly material, various types of fumed silica nanoparticles and two solvents - methanol and ethanol. It is demonstrated that a choice of polymer solvents plays a significant role in contact angle changes. Hence, in combination of the type of fumed silica nanoparticles and the type of solvent it is possible to achieve a finer partition of the required contact angles. Keywords: PVB solution; solvents; fumed silica; electrospinning; rheology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The role of solvents in the preparation of hydrophobic nanofibrous membrane containing fumed silica

It is well-known that a type of used fumed silica nanoparticles plays a dominant role in wettability of the corresponding nanofibrous mats. As a result, the desired contact angle can be approximately ...

Peer, Petra; Polášková, M.; Musilová, I.; Filip, Petr
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

The importance of the radiation balance for water retention of the landscape
Kofroňová, Jitka
2018 - English
As part of the radiation balance, longwave radiation is one of the factors needed to estimate potential evapotranspiration (PET). Since the longwave radiation balance is rarely measured, many computational methods have been designed. In this study, we report on the difference between the observed longwave radiation balance and modelling results obtained using the two main procedures outlined in Manuals 24 and 56 of the FAO. The performance of these equations was evaluated in the warmer months (April to October) over eight years at the Liz experimental catchment in the Bohemian Forest (Czech Republic). The coefficients of both methods were also calibrated based on local conditions. Four commonly used methods were used to calculate the PET (Penman-Monteith, Pristley and Taylor, Kimberley-Penman, Thom and Oliver). The use of default coefficient values gave errors of 40 100 mm and 0 20 mm for the seasonal PET estimates for FAO56 and FAO24, respectively (the PET was usually overestimated). Parameter calibration decreased the FAO56 error to less than 20 mm per season (FAO24 remained unaffected by the calibration). The FAO56 approach with calibrated coefficients proved to be more suitable for estimation of the longwave radiation balance. Keywords: water retention; radiation balance; potential evapotranspiration (PET) Available in digital repository of the ASCR
The importance of the radiation balance for water retention of the landscape

As part of the radiation balance, longwave radiation is one of the factors needed to estimate potential evapotranspiration (PET). Since the longwave radiation balance is rarely measured, many ...

Kofroňová, Jitka
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Image analysis of particle size: effect of light source type
Formánek, R.; Kysela, Bohuš; Šulc, R.
2018 - English
Agitation of two immiscible liquids or solid-liquid suspension is a frequent operation in chemical and metallurgical industries. The sizes of particles, bubbles or droplets can be determined by the Image Analysis Technique. It is known that the quality of captured images depends significantly on the original image background that is mainly affected by the type of the light source. The aim of this contribution is to investigate the effect of light source type on image quality. The four types of light sources were tested: 1) 1000 W halogen lamp, 2) 72 W LED bar panel, 3) 60 W LED chip, and 4) 90 W LED chip. The illumination intensity and image background quality were investigated for each tested light sources. The effect of the shutter speed on evaluated particle sizes was tested using monodisperse spherical calibration particles having diameter of 1.19 mm. The difference observed between particle sizes evaluated by image analysis for given light source and declared calibration particle diameter was used as a measure of light source quality. Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Image analysis of particle size: effect of light source type

Agitation of two immiscible liquids or solid-liquid suspension is a frequent operation in chemical and metallurgical industries. The sizes of particles, bubbles or droplets can be determined by the ...

Formánek, R.; Kysela, Bohuš; Šulc, R.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

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