Number of found documents: 461
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Studenti uměleckoprůmyslové školy v Praze kreslí a měří na Hané. Zaměřovací akce ČAVU z let 1941-1946
Motyčková, Dana; Sedlická, Kateřina
2018 - Czech
Keywords: vernacular architecture; Czech Academy of Sciences and Art (ČAVU); Vladimír Hradil; Miloš Libra; Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia; region Haná Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Studenti uměleckoprůmyslové školy v Praze kreslí a měří na Hané. Zaměřovací akce ČAVU z let 1941-1946

Motyčková, Dana; Sedlická, Kateřina
Etnologický ústav, 2018

„V krbu se svítí, stará podřimuje, děvčata předou měkký len.“ Jak předkové svítívali
Petráňová, Lydia
2018 - Czech
Studie souborně pojednává přechod do tradičního osvětlení venkovských domů až k počátkům elektrifikace venkova. Study deals with changeover from traditional lighting of country houses to the beginning of electrification of czech countryside. Keywords: traditional folk culture; countryside; interior lighting; lamp; candle; pine torch Available at various institutes of the ASCR
„V krbu se svítí, stará podřimuje, děvčata předou měkký len.“ Jak předkové svítívali

Studie souborně pojednává přechod do tradičního osvětlení venkovských domů až k počátkům elektrifikace venkova....

Petráňová, Lydia
Etnologický ústav, 2018

Formal or Informal? Folk Music, Folklore Revival and Music Education
Kratochvíl, Matěj
2018 - English
Traditional folk music in the Czech Republic was usually connected with an informal way of knowledge transfer from generation to generation. Personal contacts with experienced musicians played an important role in transmission of repertoire, style, and skills to younger ones. During the 20th century and especially in its second half, with the development of the revival movement, this system changed. While some of its aspects have remained, the transmission process was strongly influenced by a formalized and institutionalized system of public music education. Music education both in grammar schools and in the network of so called “Basic schools of arts” (Základní umělecké školy), where children learn music as a hobby, has had an impact on the way traditional music is taught today. These changes include the emphasis on different aspects of musicianship, drawing inspiration from other genres of music, and a different way of organizing ensembles including a higher representation of girls in them. In my text, I am presenting findings from my own experience as well as from interviews with musicians from several generations. I am trying to demonstrate how their particular experience with learning and teaching traditional folk music has informed their approach to the way they perform, listen to and think about music. Keywords: traditional music; music education; Czech Republic; improvisation; folk song collections Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Formal or Informal? Folk Music, Folklore Revival and Music Education

Traditional folk music in the Czech Republic was usually connected with an informal way of knowledge transfer from generation to generation. Personal contacts with experienced musicians played an ...

Kratochvíl, Matěj
Etnologický ústav, 2018

Theoretical Concepts in Ethnomusicology and Study of the Folklore Revival Movement: the Case of the Prague Ensemble Gaudeamus
Skořepová, Zita
2018 - English
This chapter discusses two theoretical concepts in ethnomusicology, their applicability to the study of the folklore movement and the potential of these concepts to widen research questions already posed, or to generate new questions. The methodology, based on oral history interviews, focuses on the individual perspective and refl ection of the participants’ activities in the past and present. How might then actors of the folklore movement be characterized as members of a specifi c cultural cohort based on their own narratives and answers to particular questions? The fi rst concept of cultural cohort comes from a book by the American ethnomusicologist Thomas Turino, Music as Social Life [2008]. Turino views different personal features, “habits”, as formative elements of a particular identity. People with similar confi gurations of these traits (thus similar identities) tend to join cultural cohorts and cultural formations. Another theoretical framework is provided by the concepts of superculture, subculture and interculture by Mark Slobin [2000]. On the one hand, the folklore movement offi cially acclaimed sources and inspirations from musical subcultures (urban people singing and dancing rural songs and dances), but, on the other hand, found its place at a supercultural music level. This concept can thus enrich our understanding of the dynamics between the superculture, subculture and interculture in the research of the folklore movement. Drawing on data concerning the Prague-based folklore ensemble Gaudeamus, the present paper outlines some preliminary fi ndings in accordance with these theoretical concepts. Keywords: ethnomusicology; folklore revival movement; Gaudeamus ensemble; Prague; cultural cohorts; musical superculture; musical interculture Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Theoretical Concepts in Ethnomusicology and Study of the Folklore Revival Movement: the Case of the Prague Ensemble Gaudeamus

This chapter discusses two theoretical concepts in ethnomusicology, their applicability to the study of the folklore movement and the potential of these concepts to widen research questions already ...

Skořepová, Zita
Etnologický ústav, 2018

Radio Broadcasting as Role Model, Authority and Norm in Czech Musical Folklorism in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century
Vejvoda, Zdeněk
2018 - English
The presentation of Czech folk music in concerts and on stage from the 1950s to the 1990s is characterized by unprecedented dynamics, especially marked in the changing style of interpretation, now very different from the technologically imperfect recordings of Czech folk music made in authentic settings in the early 20th century. Much was done to the arrangement of folk songs and instrumental melodies, by amateurs as well as musicians with a professional training, who, it is important to note, maintained contact with the folklore movement in general, unlike in the pre-WWII times. Of crucial importance has been radio broadcasting and the exquisite works of leading composers affiliated with professional radio orchestras. In Bohemia, these personalities included Zdeněk Bláha, Zdeněk Lukáš, Jan Málek, Vladimír Baier, Jaroslav Krček and Josef Krček, to name but a few. In 1953, the regional studio of the Czechoslovak Radio saw the establishment of the Plzeň Folk Ensemble, recruiting players from the radio symphonic orchestra. The style of play of its prominent instrumentalists and the style of singing of a number of its solo members has, till the present day, been considered a role model for the interpretation of regional folklore. Keywords: folk music; folklorism; folklore movement; radio broadcasting Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Radio Broadcasting as Role Model, Authority and Norm in Czech Musical Folklorism in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century

The presentation of Czech folk music in concerts and on stage from the 1950s to the 1990s is characterized by unprecedented dynamics, especially marked in the changing style of interpretation, now ...

Vejvoda, Zdeněk
Etnologický ústav, 2018

The Folklore Revival Movement in Former Czechoslovakia: Dichotomy of the Term
Stavělová, Daniela
2018 - English
In the Czech Lands, the folklore movement is used to refer to the existence of folklore ensembles and their stage production. Recently, however, the term has gained negative connotations as it is associated with the era of Communism, especially the ideological pressures of the 1950s. The reason for these negative associations is that folklore was performed as politically harmless entertainment preferred by the ideology of the day; thus, the folklore movement became representative of values associated with the ideology. The paradoxical, and less known, fact is that members of folklore ensembles often used this environment as a refuge that they could escape to from the grim reality of the political system and a meaningful way of realizing their alternative ideas that they were unable to realize in their professional life. The contribution explores this ambivalence through the memories of surviving actors of the folklore movement; therefore, the principal method used here is oral history, with the main focus on an individual human story – a little history in the context of big history. Keywords: folklore revival movement; folklorism; folk ensembles; oral history; narratives; Czech Republic Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The Folklore Revival Movement in Former Czechoslovakia: Dichotomy of the Term

In the Czech Lands, the folklore movement is used to refer to the existence of folklore ensembles and their stage production. Recently, however, the term has gained negative connotations as it is ...

Stavělová, Daniela
Etnologický ústav, 2018

Preface
Stavělová, Daniela; Buckland, Jill Theresa
2018 - English
The preface introduces into the topic of the edited volume that brought together ethnochoreologists, anthropologists of dance, ethnomusicologists, folk music scholars and educators, oral historians and anthropologists, some indeed combining these disciplinary fields. It explains the different statements and perspectives used in the collection by the authors investigating folklore revival movement and opens the door for further critical examination of the power of such cultural practices, their political salience, whether at national, institutional or individual levels, and their deep-seated impact on people who have encountered and evaluated folk revivalism in their lives. Keywords: revival; folklorism; oral history; self-reflexivity Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Preface

The preface introduces into the topic of the edited volume that brought together ethnochoreologists, anthropologists of dance, ethnomusicologists, folk music scholars and educators, oral historians ...

Stavělová, Daniela; Buckland, Jill Theresa
Etnologický ústav, 2018

Politically Committed Songs: A Distinctive Product of the Czech Folk Revival Movement of the 1950s
Uhlíková, Lucie
2018 - English
The beginning of Communist totalitarian era in then Czechoslovakia brought with it political declarations of a new historical epoch and a new worldview, one whose rise was to be facilitated, among other ways, by a retooling of culture. Folklore was misused more than other areas because the folk revival movement was transformed into a strong propaganda tool. ‘New folk art’ in the spirit of socialist realism demanded new songs that would reline traditional forms with contemporary content, oftentimes with political or propaganda undertones. As is clear in contemporaneous folklore research, these propaganda ‘folksongs’ were composed primarily by members of politically active folk ensembles. Despite this, these were creative individuals closely tied to the live tradition, and their composition took place within that framework. Keywords: folklore revival movement in the Czech Lands; totalitarianism; propaganda folk songs; political song; communist ideology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Politically Committed Songs: A Distinctive Product of the Czech Folk Revival Movement of the 1950s

The beginning of Communist totalitarian era in then Czechoslovakia brought with it political declarations of a new historical epoch and a new worldview, one whose rise was to be facilitated, among ...

Uhlíková, Lucie
Etnologický ústav, 2018

Dům národnostních menšin v Praze - impulzy k uskutečnění záměru a realizace projektu
Sulitka, Andrej
2018 - Czech
S návrhy vytvořit centrum organizací národnostních menšin v Praze přicházeli zástupci národnostních menšin po 1993. Záměr zřízení Domu národnostních menšin byl pak realizován ve spolupráci Komise Rady hl. m. Prahy s Radou vlády pro národnostní menšiny. Finanční prostředky na přestavbu vhodného objektu poskytla jednak vláda ze státního rozpočtu, jednak větší část nákladů byla uhrazena z rozpočtu hl. m. Prahy. Objekt byl předán v roce 2007 k užívání Magistrátu hl. m. Prahy jako sídlo menšinových organizací a centrum jejich společenského a kulturního života. The representatives of the national minorities in Prague iniciated the establishing of the centre of organizations of the national minorities in Prague already after 1993. The idea of creating the House of the national minorities has been than realized in the cooperation between Prague's Comittee for National Minorities and the Government Council for National Minority Affairs. Funding for the reconstruction of the appropriate building was provided by the government from the state budget and, on the other hand, the larger part of the costs was paid from the city budget. The building was handed over to the use of the City's administration as the headquarters of Prague's minority organizations in 2007 and a centre of their social and cultural life. Keywords: National Minorities; Capital City of Prague; Municipality; Establishment of the House of National Minorities; Minority Institution Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Dům národnostních menšin v Praze - impulzy k uskutečnění záměru a realizace projektu

S návrhy vytvořit centrum organizací národnostních menšin v Praze přicházeli zástupci národnostních menšin po 1993. Záměr zřízení Domu národnostních menšin byl pak realizován ve spolupráci Komise Rady ...

Sulitka, Andrej
Etnologický ústav, 2018

Introduction: Why Typology?
Tyllner, Lubomír
2017 - English
The national identity issue is constantly topical even in times of strong globalization and acculturation tendencies. Music, especially its most fundamental layer - traditional music, also helps to define national identity. Therefore, determining the basic types of Czech folk music is one of the major tasks of ethnomusicological research. Keywords: typology; traditional music; computer analysis; history of musicethnologie; national identity Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Introduction: Why Typology?

The national identity issue is constantly topical even in times of strong globalization and acculturation tendencies. Music, especially its most fundamental layer - traditional music, also helps to ...

Tyllner, Lubomír
Etnologický ústav, 2017

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