Number of found documents: 1505
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Proceedings of the 22nd Czech-Japan Seminar on Data Analysis and Decision Making
Inuiguchi, M.; Jiroušek, Radim; Kratochvíl, Václav
2019 - English
The history of the series of the Czech-Japan seminars started in 1999. Thus, it is now more than 20 years ago when the first Czech-Japan Seminar on Data Analysis and Decision Making under Uncertainty was held in JAIST, Hokuriku. Since that time, these seminars were held in eleven splendid places in Japan, offering the Czech participants possibility to discover different parts of the Japanese islands. In reciprocity, it was the goal of the Czech partners organizing the past ten seminars to show the beauty of Czechia to Japanese colleagues, who, during the long Japan–Czech cooperation, became our close friends. This is also why the seminar has never visited one place two times. Keywords: Decision Making; Data Analysis; Uncertainty Fulltext is available at external website.
Proceedings of the 22nd Czech-Japan Seminar on Data Analysis and Decision Making

The history of the series of the Czech-Japan seminars started in 1999. Thus, it is now more than 20 years ago when the first Czech-Japan Seminar on Data Analysis and Decision Making under Uncertainty ...

Inuiguchi, M.; Jiroušek, Radim; Kratochvíl, Václav
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

A Step towards Upper-bound of Conflict of Belief Functions based on Non-conflicting Parts
Daniel, M.; Kratochvíl, Václav
2019 - English
This study compares the size of conflict based on non-conflicting parts of belief functions $Conf$ with the sum of all multiples of bbms of disjoint focal elements of belief functions in question. In general, we make an effort to reach a simple upper bound function for $Conf$. (Nevertheless, the maximal value of conflict is, of course, equal to 1 for fully conflicting belief functions). We apply both theoretical research using the recent results on belief functions and also experimental computational approach here. Keywords: Belief functions; Dempster-Shafer theory; Uncertainty; Conflict-ing belief masses; Conflict between belief functions; Hidden conflict Fulltext is available at external website.
A Step towards Upper-bound of Conflict of Belief Functions based on Non-conflicting Parts

This study compares the size of conflict based on non-conflicting parts of belief functions $Conf$ with the sum of all multiples of bbms of disjoint focal elements of belief functions in question. In ...

Daniel, M.; Kratochvíl, Václav
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

Theory of SSB Representation of Preferences Revised
Pištěk, Miroslav
2019 - English
A continuous skew-symmetric bilinear (SSB) representation of preferences has recently been proposed in a topological vector space, assuming a weaker notion of convexity of preferences than in the classical (algebraic) case. Equipping a linear vector space with the so-called inductive linear topology, we derive the algebraic SSB representation on a topological basis, thus weakening\nthe convexity assumption. Such a unifying approach to SSB representation permits also to fully discuss the relationship of topological and algebraic axioms of continuity, and leads to a stronger existence result for a maximal element. By applying this theory to probability measures we show the existence of a maximal preferred measure for an infinite set of pure outcomes, thus generalizing all available existence theorems in this context. Keywords: probability measures; inductive linear topology; topological vector space Fulltext is available at external website.
Theory of SSB Representation of Preferences Revised

A continuous skew-symmetric bilinear (SSB) representation of preferences has recently been proposed in a topological vector space, assuming a weaker notion of convexity of preferences than in the ...

Pištěk, Miroslav
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

Preliminary Results from Experiments on the Behavior under Ambiguity
Jiroušek, Radim; Kratochvíl, Václav
2019 - English
In the literature, some experiments proving that human decision-makers manifest an ambiguity aversion are described. In our knowledge, no one has studied a possibility to measure the strength of this aversion and its stability in time. The research, we have recently started to realize should find out answers to these and similar questions. The goal of this paper is to present some preliminary results to initiate a discussion that should help us to modify either the process of data collection and/or the analysis of the collected data. Keywords: decision making; data analysis; measure Fulltext is available at external website.
Preliminary Results from Experiments on the Behavior under Ambiguity

In the literature, some experiments proving that human decision-makers manifest an ambiguity aversion are described. In our knowledge, no one has studied a possibility to measure the strength of this ...

Jiroušek, Radim; Kratochvíl, Václav
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

Bayesian Networks for the Analysis of Subjective Well-Being
Švorc, Jan; Vomlel, Jiří
2019 - English
We use Bayesian Networks to model the influence of diverse socio-economic factors on subjective well-being and their interrelations. The classical statistical analysis aims at finding significant explanatory variables, while Bayesian Networks can also help sociologists to explain and visualize the problem in its complexity. Using Bayesian Networks the sociologists may get a deeper insight into the interplay of all measured factors and their influence on the variable of a special interest. In the paper we present several Bayesian Network models -- each being optimal from a different perspective. We show how important it is to pay a special attention to a local structure of conditional probability tables. Finally, we present results of an experimental evaluation of the suggested approaches based on real data from a large international survey. We believe that the suggested approach is well applicable to other sociological problems and that Bayesian Networks represent a new valuable tool for sociological research. Keywords: Bayesian networks; Subjective well-being Fulltext is available at external website.
Bayesian Networks for the Analysis of Subjective Well-Being

We use Bayesian Networks to model the influence of diverse socio-economic factors on subjective well-being and their interrelations. The classical statistical analysis aims at finding significant ...

Švorc, Jan; Vomlel, Jiří
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

On Experimental Part of Behavior under Ambiguity
Kratochvíl, Václav; Jiroušek, Radim
2019 - English
People are risk-takers, risk-averse, or neutral. In the literature, one can find experiments illustrating the ambiguity aversion of human decision-makers. Recently, a personal coefficient of ambiguity aversion has been introduced. We have decided to measure the coefficient and its stability during the time. In this paper, we describe performed experiments and their structure to launch a discussion of possible design weaknesses or to suggest other methods of measuring it. Keywords: decision making; uncertainty; personal coefficient Fulltext is available at external website.
On Experimental Part of Behavior under Ambiguity

People are risk-takers, risk-averse, or neutral. In the literature, one can find experiments illustrating the ambiguity aversion of human decision-makers. Recently, a personal coefficient of ...

Kratochvíl, Václav; Jiroušek, Radim
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

ESP32-CAM – POSTAVME SI OČIČKO
Zajíček, Milan
2019 - Czech
Mikrokontroler ESP32 je možné zakoupit jako vývojovou desku ve spojení s 2Mpixel kamerou OV2640. Tento modul je souhrnně označován ESP32-cam. Tutoriál ukazuje možnost použití uvedeného modulu pro snímání obrazu ve formě statických snímků i videa a možnosti komunikace s okolím, či ukládání dat na SD kartu. Pro komunikaci s PC je použit USB-Serial převodník CP2102. Microcontroller ESP32 can be obtained as a development board with 2Mpixel camera OV2640 together. The trademark of such module is ESP32-cam. Tutorial shows the abbility of the module to take the static pictures and video stream, communications skills and saving the data to the SD card. The USB-serial convertor CP2102 is used as an interface for the communication with PC. Keywords: IoT; ESP32; mikrokontroler; video Fulltext is available at external website.
ESP32-CAM – POSTAVME SI OČIČKO

Mikrokontroler ESP32 je možné zakoupit jako vývojovou desku ve spojení s 2Mpixel kamerou OV2640. Tento modul je souhrnně označován ESP32-cam. Tutoriál ukazuje možnost použití uvedeného modulu pro ...

Zajíček, Milan
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

A Robustified Metalearning Procedure for Regression Estimators
Kalina, Jan; Neoral, A.
2019 - English
Metalearning represents a useful methodology for selecting and recommending a suitable algorithm or method for a new dataset exploiting a database of training datasets. While metalearning is potentially beneficial for the analysis of economic data, we must be aware of its instability and sensitivity to outlying measurements (outliers) as well as measurement errors. The aim of this paper is to robustify the metalearning process. First, we prepare some useful theoretical tools exploiting the idea of implicit weighting, inspired by the least weighted squares estimator. These include a robust coefficient of determination, a robust version of mean square error, and a simple rule for outlier detection in linear regression. We perform a metalearning study for recommending the best linear regression estimator for a new dataset (not included in the training database). The prediction of the optimal estimator is learned over a set of 20 real datasets with economic motivation, while the least squares are compared with several (highly) robust estimators. We investigate the effect of variable selection on the metalearning results. If the training as well as validation data are considered after a proper robust variable selection, the metalearning performance is improved remarkably, especially if a robust prediction error is used. Keywords: model choice; computational statistics; robustness; variable selection Fulltext is available at external website.
A Robustified Metalearning Procedure for Regression Estimators

Metalearning represents a useful methodology for selecting and recommending a suitable algorithm or method for a new dataset exploiting a database of training datasets. While metalearning is ...

Kalina, Jan; Neoral, A.
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

Application of the Cox regression model with time dependent parameters to unemployment data
Volf, Petr
2019 - English
The contribution deals with the application of statistical survival analysis with the intensity described by a generalized version of Cox regression model with time dependent parameters. A\nmethod of model components non-parametric estimation is recalled, the flexibility of result is assessed with a goodness-of-fit test based on martingale residuals. The application\nconcerns to the real data representing the job opportunities development and reduction, during a given period. The risk of leaving the company is changing in time and depends also on the age of employees and their time with company. Both these covariates are considered and their impact to the risk analyzed. Keywords: mathematical statistics; survival analysis; unemployment data Fulltext is available at external website.
Application of the Cox regression model with time dependent parameters to unemployment data

The contribution deals with the application of statistical survival analysis with the intensity described by a generalized version of Cox regression model with time dependent parameters. A\nmethod of ...

Volf, Petr
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2019

Balancing Exploitation and Exploration via Fully Probabilistic Design of Decision Policies
Kárný, Miroslav; Hůla, František
2018 - English
Adaptive decision making learns an environment model serving a design of a decision policy. The policy-generated actions influence both the acquired reward and the future knowledge. The optimal policy properly balances exploitation with exploration. The inherent dimensionality\ncurse of decision making under incomplete knowledge prevents the realisation of the optimal design. Keywords: Exploitation; Exploration; Bayesian estimation; Adaptive systems; Fully probabilistic design; Kullback-Leibler divergence; Decision policy; Markov decision process Fulltext is available at external website.
Balancing Exploitation and Exploration via Fully Probabilistic Design of Decision Policies

Adaptive decision making learns an environment model serving a design of a decision policy. The policy-generated actions influence both the acquired reward and the future knowledge. The optimal policy ...

Kárný, Miroslav; Hůla, František
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2018

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