Number of found documents: 12330
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Proposal for loading tests of bridges - simulation and laboratory experiments
Bayer, Jan; Urushadze, Shota; Černý, Miloš
2018 - English
A new dynamic load testing of bridges is proposed and theoretically investigated. A transient analysis of passing vehicle over a bridge in ANSYS and an analytical program in MATLAB for the transient solution of piecewise linear mechanical structures were developed to assess the effects of the proposed dynamic load on a bridge model. According to the first laboratory experiments, it seems that the proposed travelling impulse load could surpass some of the shortcomings and limitations of the currently applied methods of bridge testing. The investigation is a part of a project aimed at drive-by identification of dynamic properties of bridges and further experimental and analytical research will follow. Keywords: dynamic loading tests; transient analysis; vibrations; vehicle-bridge interaction Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Proposal for loading tests of bridges - simulation and laboratory experiments

A new dynamic load testing of bridges is proposed and theoretically investigated. A transient analysis of passing vehicle over a bridge in ANSYS and an analytical program in MATLAB for the transient ...

Bayer, Jan; Urushadze, Shota; Černý, Miloš
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Supercritical water in etching and morphing of siliceous surfaces for analytical separations
Karásek, Pavel; Horká, Marie; Planeta, Josef; Roth, Michal
2018 - English
Applications of supercritical water in etching and morphing of siliceous surfaces for analytical separations are briefly reviewed. Keywords: supercritical water; fused silica capillary; electromigration methods Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Supercritical water in etching and morphing of siliceous surfaces for analytical separations

Applications of supercritical water in etching and morphing of siliceous surfaces for analytical separations are briefly reviewed.

Karásek, Pavel; Horká, Marie; Planeta, Josef; Roth, Michal
Ústav analytické chemie, 2018

Capillary electrophoresis in clinical diagnosis and monitoring
Kubáň, Petr
2018 - English
There is a significant potential of CE to provide a useful analytical tool to analyze noninvasive samples of body fluids and stimulate the cooperation between analytical chemists and clinicians in this interdisciplinary field. Keywords: CE; CE-LIF; clinical diagnosis Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Capillary electrophoresis in clinical diagnosis and monitoring

There is a significant potential of CE to provide a useful analytical tool to analyze noninvasive samples of body fluids and stimulate the cooperation between analytical chemists and clinicians in ...

Kubáň, Petr
Ústav analytické chemie, 2018

Asymmetry of the response probability density of a system with parametric random noises
Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
2018 - English
Recording of time variable processes is accompanied by various internal disturbing effects as a rule. They influence parameters of the measuring facility, transducer-device transmission, etc. These parasitic processes are usually of the random character and, consequently, they exercise as parametric noises. Moreover, the input signal mostly consists of a useful signal which can be taken as composed from deterministic and random additive part. Various combinations of these noises are the origin of random and also systematic measuring errors which can have under certain circumstances a cumulative character, deteriorate the output signal quality and can lead finally to the stochastic stability loss. These effects can be theoretically described using differential systems with stochastic coefficients and stochastic right hand side considering all input and output processes to be of the Markov type. Keywords: random vibration; signal reconstruction; parametric noise; response asymmetry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Asymmetry of the response probability density of a system with parametric random noises

Recording of time variable processes is accompanied by various internal disturbing effects as a rule. They influence parameters of the measuring facility, transducer-device transmission, etc. These ...

Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

The role of solvents in the preparation of hydrophobic nanofibrous membrane containing fumed silica
Peer, Petra; Polášková, M.; Musilová, I.; Filip, Petr
2018 - English
It is well-known that a type of used fumed silica nanoparticles plays a dominant role in wettability of the corresponding nanofibrous mats. As a result, the desired contact angle can be approximately achieved by a choice of adequate fumed silica nanoparticles. However, less attention has been hitherto paid to an active role of solvents in connection with the tailoring this contact angle. For analysis we used poly(vinyl butyral) representing electrospun-friendly material, various types of fumed silica nanoparticles and two solvents - methanol and ethanol. It is demonstrated that a choice of polymer solvents plays a significant role in contact angle changes. Hence, in combination of the type of fumed silica nanoparticles and the type of solvent it is possible to achieve a finer partition of the required contact angles. Keywords: PVB solution; solvents; fumed silica; electrospinning; rheology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The role of solvents in the preparation of hydrophobic nanofibrous membrane containing fumed silica

It is well-known that a type of used fumed silica nanoparticles plays a dominant role in wettability of the corresponding nanofibrous mats. As a result, the desired contact angle can be approximately ...

Peer, Petra; Polášková, M.; Musilová, I.; Filip, Petr
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Thermal induced morphological changes of poly(ethylene oxide) nanofibrous webs
Polášková, M.; Peer, Petra; Ponížil, P.; Čermák, R.
2018 - English
The crystallinity of fibres prepared by electrospinning shows lower level in comparison with samples processed by common technologies such as moulding or film casting. Thus, the attempts to improve the structure of electrospun fibres in order to increase physical and mechanical properties of nonwoven webs are obvious. Post-process thermal treatment is one of the possibilities of the crystallinity enhancement that can be easily included to the finishing operation of final products. For the experiment we used poly(ethylene oxide) representing electrospun-friendly material and two solvents - methanol and water, both ensuring good electrospinnability. It is demonstrated that a choice of polymer solvents plays a significant role in fibre diameter and their capabilities to resist applied heat. However, in all cases the enhancement of crystallinity is detected at the short time of thermal exposure. Keywords: PEO nanofibres; degree of crystallinity; electrospinning Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Thermal induced morphological changes of poly(ethylene oxide) nanofibrous webs

The crystallinity of fibres prepared by electrospinning shows lower level in comparison with samples processed by common technologies such as moulding or film casting. Thus, the attempts to improve ...

Polášková, M.; Peer, Petra; Ponížil, P.; Čermák, R.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

Forced movement of a ball in spherical cavity under kinematic excitation
Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
2018 - English
In the paper the response of a heavy ball rolling inside a semi-spherical cavity under horizontal kinematic excitation is investigated. The system with six degrees of freedom with three non-holonomic constraints is considered. The contact between the ball and the cavity surface is supposed to be perfect without any sliding. The mathematical model using the Appel-Gibbs function of acceleration energy is developed and discussed. The most important post-critical regimes are outlined and qualitatively evaluated on the frequency axis. Numerical experiments have been performed when excitation frequency is slowly swept up and down. Results obtained by means of semi-analytical investigation and numerical simulation are evaluated and physically interpreted. Some applications in civil engineering as a tuned mass damper used on slender structures is outlined. Strengths and weaknesses of solution method are evaluated. Keywords: nonlinear dynamics; non-holonomic systems; Appell-Gibbs formulation; singular states; tuned mass damper Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Forced movement of a ball in spherical cavity under kinematic excitation

In the paper the response of a heavy ball rolling inside a semi-spherical cavity under horizontal kinematic excitation is investigated. The system with six degrees of freedom with three non-holonomic ...

Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Accuracy and numerical efficiency of approximate method for complex eigensolution of structure with specialized damping device
Hračov, Stanislav
2018 - English
The paper provides a detailed parametric analysis of the recently proposed approximate method for complex eigensolution of non-classically damped structures. This method is based on a combination of perturbation and incremental approaches and is applicable to the classically damped structures equipped with a specialized passive damping device. The numerical efficiency in terms of the required calculation times and the accuracy is demonstrated on a model of an existing structure for various combination of computational parameters. Wide numerical simulations revealed the selection of real eigenmodes of undamped system used in the approximate eigensolution as the most important parameter affecting the final accuracy. Keywords: non-classical damping; complex eigensolution; perturbation method; passive damper Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Accuracy and numerical efficiency of approximate method for complex eigensolution of structure with specialized damping device

The paper provides a detailed parametric analysis of the recently proposed approximate method for complex eigensolution of non-classically damped structures. This method is based on a combination of ...

Hračov, Stanislav
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Crystallization force of sodium chloride
Koudelková, Veronika; Wolf, Benjamin
2018 - English
Soluble salts are one of the most deteriorating factor causing damage of historical building materials due to generation of crystallization pressure inside pore space. Direct measurement of crystallization force is quite challenging, hence we developed at our institute a novel device able to detect the force of growing crystal. The device is based on the monitoring of force developed with upper microscopic glass on the growing crystal to maintain constant position. The crystal could generate force because of the existence of thin liquid layer of solution between both surfaces come into contact. The driving force for the subsequent growth of crystal against obstacle is supersaturation, which is mainly induced by evaporation of the salt solution. In this experiment, the crystal of sodium chloride generated force 16.8 mN and the corresponding crystallization pressure was equal to the value 0.48 MPa. Keywords: crystallization force; sodium chloride; salt deterioration Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Crystallization force of sodium chloride

Soluble salts are one of the most deteriorating factor causing damage of historical building materials due to generation of crystallization pressure inside pore space. Direct measurement of ...

Koudelková, Veronika; Wolf, Benjamin
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2018

Experimental investigation of settling slurry flow in inclined pipe sections
Vlasák, Pavel; Chára, Zdeněk; Matoušek, Václav; Kesely, Mikoláš; Konfršt, Jiří
2018 - English
Narrow particle size distribution glass beads-water slurry flow in the pipe sections of different inclination were investigated on an experimental pipe loop of inner diameter D = 100 mm. The study refers to the effect of pipe inclination and slurry velicity on local concentration distribution, pressure drop-velocity relationship, and deposition limit. The study revealed that the glass beads-water mixtures in the inclined pipe sections were significantly stratified: the solid particles moved principally close to the pipe invert, and for flow velocities close to the deposition limit sliding bed or stationary deposit is created even in inclined pipe sections. Keywords: settling slurry; inclined pipe; pressure drops; concentration distribution; radiometry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Experimental investigation of settling slurry flow in inclined pipe sections

Narrow particle size distribution glass beads-water slurry flow in the pipe sections of different inclination were investigated on an experimental pipe loop of inner diameter D = 100 mm. The study ...

Vlasák, Pavel; Chára, Zdeněk; Matoušek, Václav; Kesely, Mikoláš; Konfršt, Jiří
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2018

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