Number of found documents: 26
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Slavic *tis7 - an evergreen problem of Slavic etymology?
Blažek, V.; Janyšková, Ilona
2015 - English
The aim of this contribution is to summarize and reconsider all the existing etymologies of the Slavic dendronym *tis7 ‘yew tree’ as well as the etymologies of probable or alleged related words and to suggest new solutions to this problem. This was carried out on the basis of a detailed semantic analysis of primary texts, onomastic materials, and also on the historical and cultural background. Keywords: Indo-European; Slavic; dendronym; yew; etymology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Slavic *tis7 - an evergreen problem of Slavic etymology?

The aim of this contribution is to summarize and reconsider all the existing etymologies of the Slavic dendronym *tis7 ‘yew tree’ as well as the etymologies of probable or alleged related words and to ...

Blažek, V.; Janyšková, Ilona
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

Usage of Electronic Sources of Historical Czech for Formal Description of Appellative-Noun Declension
Lehečka, Boris; Jínová, P.
2015 - English
Characteristic of the tools and sources available in The Department of Language Development, which were used for the description of appellative-noun declension in the oldest period of the Czech language development (1300–1500): Old-Czech (or internal) text bank, The Token Analysis (in Excel) and formal description of Old-Czech appellative nouns. Keywords: historical Czech; Noun Declension; morphological tagging; lemmatization Fulltext is available at external website.
Usage of Electronic Sources of Historical Czech for Formal Description of Appellative-Noun Declension

Characteristic of the tools and sources available in The Department of Language Development, which were used for the description of appellative-noun declension in the oldest period of the Czech ...

Lehečka, Boris; Jínová, P.
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

Selected morphological features in the common speech of the young generation in the border zone of west Bohemia
Nová, Jana
2015 - English
The aim of the paper is to describe a newly developed common speech in an area settled by people from various regions. We present research results from five towns northwest of Pilsen (West Bohemia). The common speech of this region is based on common Czech, with noteworthy occurence of West Bohemian dialectal features, and no strictly defined features of standard Czech. There are supposed certain differences between localities, partly explainable by geographical context. Comparing the two used research methods, in the written questionnaire respondents tended to use standard Czech more frequently, while in the recording of their speech many rare language items or variant forms have not been registered. Keywords: common speech; dialectology; urban dialect; dialect; common Czech; standard Czech Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Selected morphological features in the common speech of the young generation in the border zone of west Bohemia

The aim of the paper is to describe a newly developed common speech in an area settled by people from various regions. We present research results from five towns northwest of Pilsen (West Bohemia). ...

Nová, Jana
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

On two expressions of negative mental state (hatred, fear)
Nejedlý, Petr
2015 - English
There is no indisputable recorded evidence of a fundamental non-negative form of the Old Church Slavic and Slavic verb nenaviděti (it is necessary to revise some opposite views in this respect). Later records of the verb naviděti can be, from the semantic point of view, explained rather as prefi xed derivatives of viděti. Nenaviděti had therefore in all likelihood originated as an artifi cially created denotation of an abstract concept based on the spheres of Christian doctrine. 2. As primarily Old Czech records indicate, the word family of the Slavic verb plašiti contains the IE root *pel-, the initial meaning of which is one of motion: 'chase, run aft er'. The sememe '(rapid/hasty) motion' needs to be considered as fundamental for already the earliest stages of Slavic languages; the sememe 'fright, fear' is – along with the corresponding intransitive verbs – secondary. Keywords: etymology; Old Czech; reconstruction of the meaning; semantic development; Slavic languages Available at various institutes of the ASCR
On two expressions of negative mental state (hatred, fear)

There is no indisputable recorded evidence of a fundamental non-negative form of the Old Church Slavic and Slavic verb nenaviděti (it is necessary to revise some opposite views in this respect). Later ...

Nejedlý, Petr
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

On some Old Church Slavonic names of volume measurements
Valčáková, Pavla
2015 - English
The work deals with metrological terms in Old Church Slavonic languages, especially with names of volume measurements. Most of these old cultural terms borrowed from Greek (chinik7, litra, měra) or through Greek from Aramaic (sat7), Sumerian (kor6) and Old Persian (artava). It is evident, that the names of volume measurements are an important part of human culture. Keywords: Old Church Slavonic; volume measurements; etymology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
On some Old Church Slavonic names of volume measurements

The work deals with metrological terms in Old Church Slavonic languages, especially with names of volume measurements. Most of these old cultural terms borrowed from Greek (chinik7, litra, měra) or ...

Valčáková, Pavla
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

On the semantic shift 'blow' – 'needless or frivolous talk'
Nejedlý, Petr; Vajdlová, Miloslava
2015 - English
There is a marginal part of (Old) Czech lexis, the root *klas- family (cf. klás /n/ 'ludibrium; iocus'), so far unrecorded in Czech etymological lexicons. The article considers various Slavic as well as non-Slavic possibilities of the family’s origin and outlines formal and content contexts of this onomatopoeically motivated family on the background of some Old Church Slavic lexical units and on the basis of the principle of elementary relationship. Keywords: etymology; Old Czech; semantic development; semantic shift Available at various institutes of the ASCR
On the semantic shift 'blow' – 'needless or frivolous talk'

There is a marginal part of (Old) Czech lexis, the root *klas- family (cf. klás /n/ 'ludibrium; iocus'), so far unrecorded in Czech etymological lexicons. The article considers various Slavic as well ...

Nejedlý, Petr; Vajdlová, Miloslava
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

On borrowability of interjections
Boček, Vít
2015 - English
The paper discusses the characteristics and factors that play a role in the borrowing of interjections. Keywords: borrowing; interjections; language contact; etymology; scales of borrowability Available at various institutes of the ASCR
On borrowability of interjections

The paper discusses the characteristics and factors that play a role in the borrowing of interjections.

Boček, Vít
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

(Old Church) Slavonic etymology and Indo-European studies
Vykypěl, Bohumil
2015 - English
The present paper deals with the role of Old Church Slavonic and Old Czech in Indo-European studies. The author demonstrates that the marginality of Old Czech is hardly justified. Keywords: etymology; Old Church Slavonic; Old Czech; Indo-European Available at various institutes of the ASCR
(Old Church) Slavonic etymology and Indo-European studies

The present paper deals with the role of Old Church Slavonic and Old Czech in Indo-European studies. The author demonstrates that the marginality of Old Czech is hardly justified.

Vykypěl, Bohumil
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2015

Loanwords and Foreign Proper Names in Czech: a Phonologist’s View
Duběda, T.; Havlík, Martin; Jílková, Lucie; Štěpánová, Veronika
2014 - English
The objective of the present paper is to analyze phonological aspects of orthographically non-adapted loanwords and foreign proper names on a non-normative basis. A system of eight adaptation principles is put forward (1. phonological approximation; 2. spelling pronunciation; 3. original pronunciation; 4. analogy with the donor language; 5. analogy with the recipient language; 6. the influence of a third language; 7. the influence of universals; 8. unclearly motivated pronunciation). This system is then applied to a sample of Anglicisms taken from a recently published dictionary. We show that the most important principles are phonological approximation and, to a lesser degree, spelling pronunciation. The “secondary” principles (4–8) affect only a small number of items. Differences between British and American pronunciation are unproblematic for the system. Keywords: phonology; pronunciation; loanwords; proper names; Czech Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Loanwords and Foreign Proper Names in Czech: a Phonologist’s View

The objective of the present paper is to analyze phonological aspects of orthographically non-adapted loanwords and foreign proper names on a non-normative basis. A system of eight adaptation ...

Duběda, T.; Havlík, Martin; Jílková, Lucie; Štěpánová, Veronika
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2014

The absent description: compensating for its evocative and identifying function
Hoffmannová, Jana
2014 - English
A specific kind of descriptions may be observed in everyday spoken conversations: an explicit description based on full-meaning expressions is missing, while being replaced by other means of reference such as indefinite pronouns or quasi-referring means. This indefiniteness is also made possible due to the use of gestures and moves. Nevertheless, it is the shared experience and communicational strategies of the participants that make it possible for the description to fulfill its function. Keywords: description; everyday spoken communication; face-to-face dialogues; indefinite and quasi-demonstrative pronouns; shared knowledge Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The absent description: compensating for its evocative and identifying function

A specific kind of descriptions may be observed in everyday spoken conversations: an explicit description based on full-meaning expressions is missing, while being replaced by other means of reference ...

Hoffmannová, Jana
Ústav pro jazyk český, 2014

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