Number of found documents: 413
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Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials
Kočí, Michal
2023 - English
Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and extraordinary physical and chemical properties, preferable for many different applications, including sensor devices. This work focuses on responses of various sensing layers (NCD with hydrogen termination (H-NCD), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) and their hybrid structures to ethanol vapor with concentrations up to 100 ppm in synthetic air at room temperature. The measured parameters of the tested sensors, especially stability, reproducibility and regeneration, are compared and critically evaluated. The high sensitivity of tested sensors achieved at room temperature makes them very promising for monitoring ethanol vapor as well as other volatile substances (e.g., isopropyl-alcohol or acetone). Keywords: gas sensor; nanocrystalline diamond (NCD); graphene oxide (GO); reduced graphene oxide (rGO); thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials

Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and ...

Kočí, Michal
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Effect of spin coating on electrical properties of MXene films deposited from non-aqueous solvents
Gutsul, O.; Szabó, Ondrej; Pfeifer, R.; Sasitharan, K.; Jackivová, Rajisa; Slobodyan, V.; Kromka, Alexander; Rezek, B.
2023 - English
We investigated the effect of spin coating parameters on the electrical properties of Ti3C2 MXene thin films deposited from non-aqueous suspensions in N,N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) on gold interdigitated electrodes (IDE). The electrical properties of DMF-MXenes and NMP-MXenes films are characterized by impedance spectroscopy (4 Hz - 8 MHz at 1 V) using gold IDE with 25 µm gap. The electrical conductivity of MXene films decreases with increasing spin coating speed from 300 to 900 rpm. The series resistance (Rs) and double layer capacitance remain similar (Cdl). In all cases, MXenes deposited from DMF have five orders of magnitude higher electrical conductivity (lower Rct) than MXene films deposited from NMP. It is correlated with the thin film morphology obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). These findings can be useful for possible application of MXenes as charge transport layers in hybrid photovoltaic devices. Keywords: MXene; thin films; impedance spectroscopy; electrical conductivity; spin coating Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Effect of spin coating on electrical properties of MXene films deposited from non-aqueous solvents

We investigated the effect of spin coating parameters on the electrical properties of Ti3C2 MXene thin films deposited from non-aqueous suspensions in N,N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) and ...

Gutsul, O.; Szabó, Ondrej; Pfeifer, R.; Sasitharan, K.; Jackivová, Rajisa; Slobodyan, V.; Kromka, Alexander; Rezek, B.
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Enhanced growth rate of diamond films at low temperature in focused microwave plasma system
Babčenko, Oleg; Bydžovská, Irena; Fait, Jan; Shagieva, Ekaterina; Ondič, Lukáš; Kromka, Alexander
2023 - English
The low temperature (< 500 °C) diamond film deposition on fused silica in two different focused microwave plasma systems, i.e. a multimode clamshell cavity (MCC) and a rotational ellipsoid cavity (REC) reactor, was investigated. During the experiments, the methane to hydrogen ratio, in the hydrogen-rich process gas mixture, varied from 1 % to 15 % for MCC and from 1 % to 9 % for REC. The grown films were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and Raman shift measurements. The outcomes of the study and enhanced diamond growth at low temperatures is advantageous for overcoating of fused silica as well as thermally sensitive substrates, e.g. optical elements, photonic crystals, sensors, etc. Keywords: well-faceted diamonds; low temperature deposition; high growth rate; low non-diamond content; focused plasma Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Enhanced growth rate of diamond films at low temperature in focused microwave plasma system

The low temperature (...

Babčenko, Oleg; Bydžovská, Irena; Fait, Jan; Shagieva, Ekaterina; Ondič, Lukáš; Kromka, Alexander
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Technological challenges in the fabrication of MoS.sub.2./sub./diamond heterostructures
Varga, Marián; Sojková, M.; Hrdá, J.; Hutar, P.; Parsa Saeb, S.; Vanko, G.; Pribusova Slusna, L.; Ondič, Lukáš; Fait, Jan; Kromka, Alexander; Hulman, M.
2023 - English
Nowadays, 2D materials are one of the most studied classes of materials. In addition to the most famous graphene, progress has been achieved in studying and using fundamental properties of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD). Complementary, diamond as a representative of 3D materials has gained a reputation as an extremely versatile material due to its extraordinary combination of physical/chemical/electrical/optical properties. Besides these particular forms of 2D and 3D materials, their heterostructures have become very attractive due to new phenomena and functions (bandgap engineering, enhanced charge transport, optical interaction, etc.). However, individual technological procedures are still minimally investigated and described. Here, we will demonstrate a proof-of-concept for the preparation of MoS2/diamond heterostructures, where two different strategies were employed: a) growth of MoS2 layers on diamond films, and b) growth of diamond films on Si/MoS2 substrates. Keywords: transition metal dichalcogenides; molybdenum disulfide; diamond; heterostructures Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Technological challenges in the fabrication of MoS.sub.2./sub./diamond heterostructures

Nowadays, 2D materials are one of the most studied classes of materials. In addition to the most famous graphene, progress has been achieved in studying and using fundamental properties of transition ...

Varga, Marián; Sojková, M.; Hrdá, J.; Hutar, P.; Parsa Saeb, S.; Vanko, G.; Pribusova Slusna, L.; Ondič, Lukáš; Fait, Jan; Kromka, Alexander; Hulman, M.
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Photo-active liquid crystalline materials: effect of lateral substitution far from the chiral center
Mironov, Sergei; Suchánek, T.; Marhoul, J.; Cigl, Martin; Hamplová, Věra; Bubnov, Alexej
2023 - English
Photosensitive liquid crystalline (LC) materials give a fascinating possibility to tune and control the optical properties of soft systems distantly by illumination by UV-Vis light. Lateral substitution on the molecular core is an effective tool to tune the behaviour of chiral LCs. The effect of lateral substitution (by F, Cl, Br and methyl group) on the self-assembling behaviour, several new LCs with substituents placed on the benzene ring far from the chiral centre are and studied. All compounds, with exception of Br-substituted one, possess the cholesteric phase. The photosensitive behaviour, in particular the conversion of the E-Z isomers, was studied in toluene solution by HPLC. The kinetics of the photo-isomerization was identified under illumination by UV light. Due to presence of a photo-active azo group these materials can be used as functional dopants for design of smart photo-active liquid crystalline mixtures targeted for various applications in optoelectronics. Keywords: photosensitive chiral liquid crystal; lateral substitution; azobenzene; E-Z isomerization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Photo-active liquid crystalline materials: effect of lateral substitution far from the chiral center

Photosensitive liquid crystalline (LC) materials give a fascinating possibility to tune and control the optical properties of soft systems distantly by illumination by UV-Vis light. Lateral ...

Mironov, Sergei; Suchánek, T.; Marhoul, J.; Cigl, Martin; Hamplová, Věra; Bubnov, Alexej
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

XXIV Czech-Polish seminar: Structural and ferroelectric phase transitions: Book of abstracts and program
Pokorný, Jan; Bubnov, Alexej; Janovská, Marie
2022 - English
This is the Book of Abstracts for the XXIV Czech-Polish Seminar (CPSEM-2022 conference) held in Harrachov (Czech Republic) on May 23 - 27, 2022. The special objective of the conference is expressed in the conference subtitle: Structural and Ferroelectric Phase Transitions. The continuous worldwide interest to this conference series is proving that it has a respected position within the series of International/European conferences covering all interdisciplinary field of the research related to structural and ferroelectric phase transitions. At the CPSEM-2022 conference there were about 100 participants from 10 countries delivered 8 tutorial lectures for early stage researchers, 8 invited lectures and selected 34 oral contributions. More than 55 posters were presented during two poster sessions. Keywords: Czech-Polish seminar; structural and ferroelectric phase transition Available at various institutes of the ASCR
XXIV Czech-Polish seminar: Structural and ferroelectric phase transitions: Book of abstracts and program

This is the Book of Abstracts for the XXIV Czech-Polish Seminar (CPSEM-2022 conference) held in Harrachov (Czech Republic) on May 23 - 27, 2022. The special objective of the conference is expressed in ...

Pokorný, Jan; Bubnov, Alexej; Janovská, Marie
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu martensite
Rameš, Michal; Straka, Ladislav; Sozinov, A.; Heczko, Oleg
2022 - English
The martensites of Heusler alloys based on Ni-Mn-Ga exhibit magnetically-induced reorientation resulting in giant field-induced strain. Up to 12% strain was observed in Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu with 4 at.% of Co and Cu. The driving force of the phenomenon is the magnetocrystalline anisotropy. We studied evolution of the anisotropy with temperature and compositions using magnetiyation curve measurements in four different single crystalline Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu and compared with non-doped Ni-Mn-Ga. The anisotropy of martensite decreases with increasing average doping (Co+Cu)/2 but it does not scale with tetragonal ratio or valence electron concentration. Keywords: martensite; magnetocrystalline anisotropy; Heusler alloys; Ni-Mn-Ga Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu martensite

The martensites of Heusler alloys based on Ni-Mn-Ga exhibit magnetically-induced reorientation resulting in giant field-induced strain. Up to 12% strain was observed in Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu with 4 at.% of ...

Rameš, Michal; Straka, Ladislav; Sozinov, A.; Heczko, Oleg
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

Effect of molecular structure on liquid crystalline behaviour for chiral lactic acid derivatives
Mironov, Sergei; Bubnov, Alexej
2022 - English
Liquid crystals are self-organizing materials that have great potential for practical applications. The relationship has not been fully established and understood despite numerous studies. We discuss a relatively broad subclass of calamitic chiral lactic acid derivatives and provide specific examples of effective tuning of their mesomorphic and electro-optical behaviour using various types of lateral substitution placed on the molecular core. Keywords: chiral liquid crystals; lateral substitution; ferroelectric smectic phase; spontaneous polarization; lactic acid Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Effect of molecular structure on liquid crystalline behaviour for chiral lactic acid derivatives

Liquid crystals are self-organizing materials that have great potential for practical applications. The relationship ...

Mironov, Sergei; Bubnov, Alexej
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

Nanostructured layer enhancing light extraction from GaN-based scintillator using MOVPE
Vaněk, Tomáš; Hubáček, Tomáš; Hájek, František; Dominec, Filip; Pangrác, Jiří; Kuldová, Karla; Oswald, Jiří; Hospodková, Alice
2021 - English
Light extraction (LE) efficiency of GaN buffer layer was studied by angle-resolved photoluminescence. We measured enhancement of light extraction efficiency (LEE) up to 154% by introducing the SiNx layer atop the GaN buffer and subsequent GaN light extraction layer (LEL) overgrowth. Morphological properties of GaN. Keywords: MOVPE; GaN; light extraction; SiNx; scintillator Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Nanostructured layer enhancing light extraction from GaN-based scintillator using MOVPE

Light extraction (LE) efficiency of GaN buffer layer was studied by angle-resolved photoluminescence. We measured enhancement of light extraction efficiency (LEE) up to 154% by introducing the SiNx ...

Vaněk, Tomáš; Hubáček, Tomáš; Hájek, František; Dominec, Filip; Pangrác, Jiří; Kuldová, Karla; Oswald, Jiří; Hospodková, Alice
Fyzikální ústav, 2021

Plasma-synthesised zinc oxide nanoparticle behavior in liquids
Rutherford, D.; Jíra, J.; Kolářová, Kateřina; Matolínová, I.; Remeš, Zdeněk; Kuliček, J.; Padmanaban, D.; Maguire, P.; Mariotti, D.; Rezek, B.
2021 - English
ZnO nanoparticles have been synthesized using non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma (ZnO-NTP). We investigated the behavior of these ligand-free as a colloid suspension using different solvents, from deionized water to physiological saline and microbial culture broth. We found that the zeta potential of ZnONTP became more negative after exposure to microbial culture broth relative to water, which suggests increased colloid stability. Photoluminescence spectra of ZnO-NTP were similar regardless of liquid type, yet optical and fluorescent images of samples showed different agglomeration behaviour depending on liquid type. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed large agglomerates of ZnO-NTP interacting with the surface of bacteria cells, ranging in size from 200 nm up to 2 µm. We also studied effect of sub-lethal concentrations of ZnO-NTP on bacteria under illumination. There was no significant difference in viable bacteria concentration after 24h exposure to 10 µg/mL ZnO-NTP. Keywords: zinc oxide; nanotechnology; colloid suspension; bacteria Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Plasma-synthesised zinc oxide nanoparticle behavior in liquids

ZnO nanoparticles have been synthesized using non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma (ZnO-NTP). We investigated the behavior of these ligand-free as a colloid suspension using different solvents, ...

Rutherford, D.; Jíra, J.; Kolářová, Kateřina; Matolínová, I.; Remeš, Zdeněk; Kuliček, J.; Padmanaban, D.; Maguire, P.; Mariotti, D.; Rezek, B.
Fyzikální ústav, 2021

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