Number of found documents: 54
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Fluctuations in the scrape-off layer and edge plasma of the COMPASS tokamak
Seidl, Jakub; Jiráková, Kateřina; Adámek, Jiří; Grover, Ondřej; Horáček, Jan; Hron, Martin; Vondráček, Petr
2018 - English
We have identified two distinct types of turbulent fluctuations in COMPASS plasmas, the high-frequency edge oscillations and low-frequency SOL blobs. The transition region is localized in the near SOL, where both types spatially overlap and interact and the radial particle transport gradually transfers from high to low frequencies. Even though skewness of isat fluctuations is positive even inside LCFS, distinguishable Gamma-distributed PDF, formed by the low-frequency fluctuations, arises in the near SOL. This supports, together with turbulence spreading rate being positive in the near SOL but negative in the edge, the picture presented in [3] that most of the fluctuations that form a positive skewness in the edge region disappear around LCFS and new blobs are formed in the near SOL. Further, we cannot confirm the assumption that the blobs are generated randomly according to a Poisson process. Oscillations of all measured quantities, incl. radial particle flux, in the near SOL are peaked around ∼13 kHz. This seems to correspond to a poloidally rotating structure with a rather large poloidal wave-length ∼ 15 − 20 cm, that at least partly modulates blob generation. Nevertheless, we note that time separation of blobs becomes more random further in the SOL, possibly due to differences in their individual propagation. These observations hold for diverted plasmas, but the situation may be different in limited low-elongation plasmas where the radius of zero skewness was observed to be shifted significantly (several cm) inwards, compared to diverted configuration, and Gamma-like PDF is detected even inside the LCFS. Study of these plasmas is ongoing. Keywords: plasma; tokamak; turbulence Fulltext is available at external website.
Fluctuations in the scrape-off layer and edge plasma of the COMPASS tokamak

We have identified two distinct types of turbulent fluctuations in COMPASS plasmas, the high-frequency edge oscillations and low-frequency SOL blobs. The transition region is localized in the near ...

Seidl, Jakub; Jiráková, Kateřina; Adámek, Jiří; Grover, Ondřej; Horáček, Jan; Hron, Martin; Vondráček, Petr
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Využití holografie pro měření a charakterizaci povrchu
Kaván, František
2018 - Czech
Tento výzkum je zaměřen na využití digitální holografie pro měření tvaru optických a jiných ploch. Pro první experimenty jsme použili standardní metodu dvojvlnné holografické interferometrie. Ta posloužila jako reference. Hlavním zaměřením je však Frequency Sweeping Digital Holography (FSDH) neboli skenovací digitální holografie, která využívá plynule přeladitelných DFB laserových diod. Přesnost této metody lze dále vylepšit spojením měření z více vlnových délek - více diod. Při spojení je možno pomocí této metody dosáhnout přesnosti až 2 µm. This research focuses on the use of digital holography for measuring the shape of optical and other surfaces. For the first experiments, we used a standard double-wave holographic interferometry method. This served as a reference. However, the main focus is Frequency Sweeping Digital Holography (FSDH), or scanning digital holography, which utilizes fluently translatable DFB laser diodes. The accuracy of this method can be further improved by combining measurements from multiple wavelengths - multiple diodes. When combined, this method can achieve accuracy of up to 2 μm. Keywords: holography; measurement Fulltext is available at external website.
Využití holografie pro měření a charakterizaci povrchu

Tento výzkum je zaměřen na využití digitální holografie pro měření tvaru optických a jiných ploch. Pro první experimenty jsme použili standardní metodu dvojvlnné holografické interferometrie. Ta ...

Kaván, František
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

OLGA – efficient full wave code for the coupling of LH grills
Preinhaelter, Josef; Hillairet, J.; Urban, Jakub
2018 - English
The full wave code OLGA, for determining the coupling of a single row lower hybrid launcher (waveguide grills) to the plasma, is extended to handle multirow multijunction active passive structures (like the C3 and C4 launchers on TORE SUPRA) by implementing the scattering matrix formalism. The extended code is still computationally fast because of the use of (i) 2D splines of the plasma surface admittance in the accessibility region of the k-space, (ii) high order Gaussian quadrature rules for the integration of the coupling elements and (iii) utilizing the symmetries of the coupling elements in the multiperiodic structures. The extended OLGA code is benchmarked against the ALOHA-1D, ALOHA-2D and TOPLHA codes for the coupling of the C3 and C4 TORE SUPRA launchers for several plasma configurations derived from reflectometry and interferometery. Unlike nearly all codes (except the ALOHA-1D code), OLGA does not require large computational resources and can be used for everyday usage in planning experimental runs. In particular, it is shown that the OLGA code correctly handles the coupling of the C3 and C4 launchers over a very wide range of plasma densities in front of the grill. Keywords: lower hybrid waves; coupling; large multirow multijunction grills; tokamak; full-wave Fulltext is available at external website.
OLGA – efficient full wave code for the coupling of LH grills

The full wave code OLGA, for determining the coupling of a single row lower hybrid launcher (waveguide grills) to the plasma, is extended to handle multirow multijunction active passive structures ...

Preinhaelter, Josef; Hillairet, J.; Urban, Jakub
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Relativistic effects in plasma produced with sub-nanosecond 3-TW laser
Krása, J.; Klír, Daniel; Řezáč, Karel; Cikhardt, Jakub; Krůs, Miroslav; Velyhan, Andriy; Pfeifer, Miroslav; Dostál, Jan; Dudžák, Roman; Krupka, Michal; Kaufman, J.; Pisarczyk, T.; Kalinowska, Z.; Chodukowski, T.
2018 - English
This contribution deals with observations of relativistic electrons produced in a laser plasma interaction experiment at the PALS laser system operated at the Institute of Plasma Physics in Prague. The PALS laser is a near-infrared 3-TW iodine laser designed to deliver irradiance on target of 1016 Wcm2- in≈300 ps pulses at the wavelength of 1.315 μm. Various foils of 6 500 μm in thickness were irradiated with Iλ2 ≈5×1016 W cm-2 μm2 Under these conditions we have observed relativistic electrons expanding into the vacuum with maximum energy going beyond 4 MeV. The relativistically accelerated forward electrons escaping from the rear target surface were observed with the use of electron energy analysers. The observed electron energy spectra indicate that the applied laser intensity was increased by the thermal and relativistic self-focusing. The application of a unique femtosecond interferometry technique allowed us to observe bunches of thermal electrons occurring in the plasma expanding against the focused laser beam. Keywords: laser-produced plasma; relativistic electrons Fulltext is available at external website.
Relativistic effects in plasma produced with sub-nanosecond 3-TW laser

This contribution deals with observations of relativistic electrons produced in a laser plasma interaction experiment at the PALS laser system operated at the Institute of Plasma Physics in Prague. ...

Krása, J.; Klír, Daniel; Řezáč, Karel; Cikhardt, Jakub; Krůs, Miroslav; Velyhan, Andriy; Pfeifer, Miroslav; Dostál, Jan; Dudžák, Roman; Krupka, Michal; Kaufman, J.; Pisarczyk, T.; Kalinowska, Z.; Chodukowski, T.
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Fluctuations in the scrape-off layer and edge plasma of the COMPASS tokamak
Seidl, Jakub; Jiráková, Kateřina; Adámek, Jiří; Grover, Ondřej; Horáček, Jan; Hron, Martin; Vondráček, Petr
2018 - English
In this work we study properties of turbulent structures in the scrape-off layer (SOL) and edge plasma of the COMPASS tokamak. Two distinct types of coherent oscillations are observed: a) broadband high frequency branch rotating in the electron diamagnetic direction, appearing mainly in the confined region but protruding also to the SOL b) low-frequency blobs rotating in an opposite poloidal direction, formed in the vicinity of the radius of zero electric field. The transition region is localized in the near SOL, where both types spatially overlap and interact and the radial particle transport gradually transfers from high to low frequencies. Even though skewness of fluctuations of the ion saturation current is positive even inside LCFS, distinguishable Gamma-distributed PDF, formed by the low-frequency fluctuations, arises in the near SOL and most of the fluctuations that form a positive skewness in the edge region disappear around LCFS. Keywords: plasma; tokamak; turbulence Fulltext is available at external website.
Fluctuations in the scrape-off layer and edge plasma of the COMPASS tokamak

In this work we study properties of turbulent structures in the scrape-off layer (SOL) and edge plasma of the COMPASS tokamak. Two distinct types of coherent oscillations are observed: a) broadband ...

Seidl, Jakub; Jiráková, Kateřina; Adámek, Jiří; Grover, Ondřej; Horáček, Jan; Hron, Martin; Vondráček, Petr
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2018

Properties of hydroxyapatite surface deposited by plasma spray technologies
Matějková, M.; Čížek, Jan; Mušálek, Radek; Dlouhý, I.
2017 - English
The surface properties of hydroxyapatite (HA) deposited on the Ti-6Al-4V substrates by plasma spraying were studied. Two different plasma spray technologies (hybrid plasma spray system (WSP-H) and conventional atmospheric plasma spray technology (APS)) and two various feedstock (suspension for WSP-H and powder for APS) were used for deposition of HA layers potentially suitable for bio-applications. The layers properties (thickness, chemical and phase composition) and coating-substrate interface quality were analyzed. The XRD analysis showed formation of small amount of new phases (TTCP and CaO) in layers deposited by WSP-H. Better coating-substrate interface quality of samples prepared by WSP-H was observed. The results showed the deposition of HA through liquid feedstock via WSP-H as a promising route, complementing the traditional APS powder deposition in the near future. Keywords: hydroxyapatite; hybrid water-stabilized plasma spray; atmospheric plasma spray technology Fulltext is available at external website.
Properties of hydroxyapatite surface deposited by plasma spray technologies

The surface properties of hydroxyapatite (HA) deposited on the Ti-6Al-4V substrates by plasma spraying were studied. Two different plasma spray technologies (hybrid plasma spray system (WSP-H) and ...

Matějková, M.; Čížek, Jan; Mušálek, Radek; Dlouhý, I.
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

RE beam generation in MGI disruptions on COMPASS.
Ficker, Ondřej; Mlynář, Jan; Macúšová, Eva; Vlainić, M.; Weinzettl, Vladimír; Urban, Jakub; Čeřovský, Jaroslav; Farník, Michal; Markovič, Tomáš; Papřok, Richard; Vondráček, Petr; Imríšek, Martin; Tomeš, Matěj; Havlíček, Josef; Varju, Jozef; Varavin, Mykyta; Bogár, Ondrej; Havránek, Aleš; Gospodarczyk, M.; Rabinski, M.; Jakubowski, M.; Malinovski, K.; Zebrowski, J.; Plyusnin, V.; Papp, G.; Pánek, Radomír; Hron, Martin
2017 - English
In the experiments with the massive gas injection (MGI) triggered disruptions in the COMPASS tokamak, post-disruptive runaway electron (RE) beams are generated occasionally. In this contribution, a relatively large set of discharges from the recent years is analysed in order to improve our understanding of the processes behind the beam generation. It seems that despite the low toroidal field applied in the discharges (typically 1.15 T) the magnetic perturbations may be small enough to allow the acceleration and confinement of the electrons. The influence of the different components and different sections of the frequency spectrum of the magnetic perturbations on the beam generation and RE beam current is examined. Fast visible camera images are also analysed. The relevance of COMPASS runaway electron experiments for large machines is discussed. Moreover, the potential of less common diagnostic tools (Cherenkov detector, vertical ECE, ...) to clarify the role of the pre-disruption fast electron population and the influence of prompt runaway electron losses in the current quench is discussed using the recent test measurements. Keywords: RE; massive gas injection (MGI); disruptions; HXR; ECE; fast cameras Fulltext is available at external website.
RE beam generation in MGI disruptions on COMPASS.

In the experiments with the massive gas injection (MGI) triggered disruptions in the COMPASS tokamak, post-disruptive runaway electron (RE) beams are generated occasionally. In this contribution, a ...

Ficker, Ondřej; Mlynář, Jan; Macúšová, Eva; Vlainić, M.; Weinzettl, Vladimír; Urban, Jakub; Čeřovský, Jaroslav; Farník, Michal; Markovič, Tomáš; Papřok, Richard; Vondráček, Petr; Imríšek, Martin; Tomeš, Matěj; Havlíček, Josef; Varju, Jozef; Varavin, Mykyta; Bogár, Ondrej; Havránek, Aleš; Gospodarczyk, M.; Rabinski, M.; Jakubowski, M.; Malinovski, K.; Zebrowski, J.; Plyusnin, V.; Papp, G.; Pánek, Radomír; Hron, Martin
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

Microwave reflectometry for density profile and turbulence measurements on the COMPASS tokamak.
Bogár, Ondrej; Bílková, Petra; Böhm, Petr; Hron, Martin; Pánek, Radomír; Silva, A.; Zajac, Jaromír; Varavin, Mykyta
2017 - English
Microwave reflectometry is an established radar technique to acquire various scientific results in plasma fusion research. Fast electron density profile measurements are crucial for the study of fusion plasmas and the operation of fusion devices. Operation capability and first results of the reflectometry on the COMPASS tokamak are presented in this contribution. Keywords: plasma; tokamak; COMPASS Fulltext is available at external website.
Microwave reflectometry for density profile and turbulence measurements on the COMPASS tokamak.

Microwave reflectometry is an established radar technique to acquire various scientific results in plasma fusion research. Fast electron density profile measurements are crucial for the study of ...

Bogár, Ondrej; Bílková, Petra; Böhm, Petr; Hron, Martin; Pánek, Radomír; Silva, A.; Zajac, Jaromír; Varavin, Mykyta
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2017

Synthesis and applications of Intermetallics
Novák, P.; Salvetr, P.; Kříž, J.; Kubatík, Tomáš František
2015 - English
Intermetallic compounds, intermetallics, are characterized by interesting properties, such as e.g. excellent high -temperature oxidation resistance, shape memory or ability to store hydrogen reversibly. Their positive, but also negative, properties are a combination of the behaviour of metals and ceramics. Their wider application in industry is limited due to low room-temperature ductility and problematic production, associated with high melting points of many intermetallics, high reactivity of metals at high temperatures and problematic processing. In this paper, the overview of the methods for synthesis of intermetallic compounds is presented, ranging from conventional casting processes to modern powder metallurgy technologies. Selected interesting applications from industry and medicine, where their unique properties are used Keywords: Intermetallic compounds; powder metallurgy technologies Fulltext is available at external website.
Synthesis and applications of Intermetallics

Intermetallic compounds, intermetallics, are characterized by interesting properties, such as e.g. excellent high -temperature oxidation resistance, shape memory or ability to store hydrogen ...

Novák, P.; Salvetr, P.; Kříž, J.; Kubatík, Tomáš František
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2015

Konstrukce spektroskopu pro pozorování hvězdných spekter
Rail, Zdeněk; Jareš, Daniel; Pintr, Pavel; Vápenka, David
2015 - Czech
Tento článek předkládá návod na konstrukci přístroje - spektroskopu pro vizuální pozorování hvězdných spekter. K jeho stavbě je použito běžně prodávaných součástek. Samotné sestavení přístroje lze provést bez pomoci obráběcích strojů ve spartánsky vybavené dílně. This paper presents the construction list of a spectroscope for visual observation of stellar spectra. The device consists of parts easily accessible on market. Assembly of the spectroscope does not require exceptionally equipped workshop and can be made in very spartan conditions. Keywords: Spectrograph; Star spectral line; Newton telescope; Barlow lens; Difraction grating; Colimator lens; Toroidal lens; StarAnalyzer grating Fulltext is available at external website.
Konstrukce spektroskopu pro pozorování hvězdných spekter

Tento článek předkládá návod na konstrukci přístroje - spektroskopu pro vizuální pozorování hvězdných spekter. K jeho stavbě je použito běžně prodávaných součástek. Samotné sestavení přístroje lze ...

Rail, Zdeněk; Jareš, Daniel; Pintr, Pavel; Vápenka, David
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2015

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