Number of found documents: 15983
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Vysokonapěťový pulzní zdroj a řídící jednotka
Gruber, Jan; Janovec, Jiří; Šonský, Jiří; Němec, Tomáš
2022 - Czech
Zpráva obsahuje popis sestavy vysokonapěťového pulzního zdroje (PPSU) a řídící jednotky (SPCU), které jsou využívány v kombinaci s výbojovou komorou a párem elektrod k aerosolové syntéze nanomateriálů. Uvedena jsou schémata zapojení, seznam elektronických i mechanických součástek, jakožto i popis konektorů a zřetězeného propojení více soustav. Zpráva rovněž obsahuje informace o referenčních parametrech výbojů a popis komunikačního protokolu včetně nastavitelných proměnných. The report contains description of Pulsed Power Source Unit (PPSU) and Spark Control Unit (SPCU), which are utilized in combination with Spark Discharge Chamber and pair of electrodes for aerosol synthesis of nanomaterials. The report includes electronic schematics, list of components, description of connectors and way to chain-link and operate more sets of units. The report also includes information about discharge reference parameters and description of communication protocol and its variables. Keywords: electrotechnics; high-voltage; power transformation; pulse generators Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Vysokonapěťový pulzní zdroj a řídící jednotka

Zpráva obsahuje popis sestavy vysokonapěťového pulzního zdroje (PPSU) a řídící jednotky (SPCU), které jsou využívány v kombinaci s výbojovou komorou a párem elektrod k aerosolové syntéze ...

Gruber, Jan; Janovec, Jiří; Šonský, Jiří; Němec, Tomáš
Ústav termomechaniky, 2022

Vibration mode shape extraction of bladed disk
Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Tchawou Tchuisseu, Eder Batista; Maturkanič, Dušan; Hodboď, Robert
2022 - English
This research paper deals with the experimental protocol followed to visualize the vibration mode shape of an aero-engine bladed disk. This study is based on a comparison between the numerical results obtained through Finite element methods (FEM) using ANSYS software and experimentally using the laser Doppler vibrometer. Therefore the bladed disk was transformed into a 3D virtual environment and structural analysis was performed. The results demonstrate a match between the numerical and the experimental one, this match offers the possibility for using the model for future studies. Keywords: blade disk; mode shapes; laser doppler vibrometer Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Vibration mode shape extraction of bladed disk

This research paper deals with the experimental protocol followed to visualize the vibration mode shape of an aero-engine bladed disk. This study is based on a comparison between the numerical results ...

Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Tchawou Tchuisseu, Eder Batista; Maturkanič, Dušan; Hodboď, Robert
Ústav termomechaniky, 2022

Innovative device for the simulation of environmental conditions and testing of building materials
Cacciotti, Riccardo; Wolf, Benjamin; Macháček, Michael; Frankl, Jiří
2022 - English
Excessive humidity influences the performance of building envelopes and the safety of their occupants. Moisture related problems can indeed impose significant health risks for buildings’ users and even lead, under extreme scenarios, to structural failures. This paper investigates an innovative experimental setup for evaluating the influence of changing environmental conditions on the performance of building materials. It stems out from a broader ongoing research aimed at studying the trends of mould growth on wooden building components. The presented results include the design, construction and numerical validation of a small-scale climatic wind tunnel (2m x 1.8m ca.) to be used for the simulation of natural ventilation and daily humidity and temperature fluctuations. Key findings include the final design of a low cost, modular construction which allows gathering reliable data on the response of building materials exposed to changing boundary conditions, intended for improving current mould growth models. Future work is also suggested. Keywords: building envelope; moisture; building material; wind tunnel; performance Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Innovative device for the simulation of environmental conditions and testing of building materials

Excessive humidity influences the performance of building envelopes and the safety of their occupants. Moisture related problems can indeed impose significant health risks for buildings’ users and ...

Cacciotti, Riccardo; Wolf, Benjamin; Macháček, Michael; Frankl, Jiří
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2022

Application of first integrals in the construction of the Lyapunov function for the random response stability testing
Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
2022 - English
The paper deals with a possibility of using the properties of first integrals for the construction of Lyapunov function for the analysis of a dynamic system stability in the stochastic domain. It points out certain characteristics of first integrals resulting in the necessity to introduce additional constraints to assure the principal properties of the Lyapunov function. A number of these constraints has their physical interpretation with reference to system stability. The advantage of this method constructing the Lyapunov function consists in the fact that the Lyapunov function itself contains information on the examined system and, consequently, it is not merely a positive definite function without any relation to the actual case concerned. The presented theory finds application in many dynamical systems. The procedure is illustrated by a nonlinear SDOF example. Keywords: stochastic stability; Lyapunov function; first integrals; cyclic coordinates Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Application of first integrals in the construction of the Lyapunov function for the random response stability testing

The paper deals with a possibility of using the properties of first integrals for the construction of Lyapunov function for the analysis of a dynamic system stability in the stochastic domain. It ...

Náprstek, Jiří; Fischer, Cyril
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2022

XXIV Czech-Polish seminar: Structural and ferroelectric phase transitions: Book of abstracts and program
Pokorný, Jan; Bubnov, Alexej; Janovská, Marie
2022 - English
This is the Book of Abstracts for the XXIV Czech-Polish Seminar (CPSEM-2022 conference) held in Harrachov (Czech Republic) on May 23 - 27, 2022. The special objective of the conference is expressed in the conference subtitle: Structural and Ferroelectric Phase Transitions. The continuous worldwide interest to this conference series is proving that it has a respected position within the series of International/European conferences covering all interdisciplinary field of the research related to structural and ferroelectric phase transitions. At the CPSEM-2022 conference there were about 100 participants from 10 countries delivered 8 tutorial lectures for early stage researchers, 8 invited lectures and selected 34 oral contributions. More than 55 posters were presented during two poster sessions. Keywords: Czech-Polish seminar; structural and ferroelectric phase transition Available at various institutes of the ASCR
XXIV Czech-Polish seminar: Structural and ferroelectric phase transitions: Book of abstracts and program

This is the Book of Abstracts for the XXIV Czech-Polish Seminar (CPSEM-2022 conference) held in Harrachov (Czech Republic) on May 23 - 27, 2022. The special objective of the conference is expressed in ...

Pokorný, Jan; Bubnov, Alexej; Janovská, Marie
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

Modeling the spread of loanwords in South-East Asia using sailing navigation software and Bayesian networks
Kratochvíl, F.; Kratochvíl, Václav; Saad, G.; Vomlel, Jiří
2022 - English
A loanword is a word permanently adopted from one language and incorporated into another language without translation. In this paper, we study loanwords in the South-East Asia Archipelago, home to a large number of languages. Our paper is inspired by the works of Hoffmann et al. (2021) Bayesian methods are applied to probabilistic modeling of family trees representing the history of language families and by Haynie et al. (2014) modeling the diffusion of a special class of loanwords, so-called Wanderw ̈orter in languages of Australia, North America, and South America. We assume that in the South-East Asia Archipelago Wanderwörter spread along specific maritime trade routes whose geographical characteristics can help unravel the history of Wanderwörter diffusion in the area. For millennia trade was conducted using sailing ships which were constrained by the monsoon system and in certain areas also by strong sea currents. Therefore rather than the geographical distances, the travel times of sailing ships should be considered as a major factor determining the intensity of contact among cultures. We use sailing navigation software to estimate travel times between different ports and show that the estimated travel times correspond well to the travel times of a Chinese map of the sea trade routes from the early seventeenth century. We model the spread of loanwords using a probabilistic graphical model - a Bayesian network. We design a novel heuristic Bayesian network structure learning algorithm that learns the structure as a union of spanning trees for graphs of all loanwords in the training dataset. We compare this algorithm with BIC optimal Bayesian networks by measuring how well these models predict the true presence/absence of a loanword. Interestingly, Bayesian networks learned by our heuristic spanning tree-based algorithm provide better results than the BIC optimal Bayesian networks. Keywords: loanwords; Bayesian methods; probabilistic graphical model Fulltext is available at external website.
Modeling the spread of loanwords in South-East Asia using sailing navigation software and Bayesian networks

A loanword is a word permanently adopted from one language and incorporated into another language without translation. In this paper, we study loanwords in the South-East Asia Archipelago, home to a ...

Kratochvíl, F.; Kratochvíl, Václav; Saad, G.; Vomlel, Jiří
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2022

Approaches to dynamical analysis of rotors with parameters of uncertain magnitudes
Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan; Košina, Jan; Cibulka, Jan
2022 - English
In many cases, the rotor configuration or loading characteristics are described by parameters of uncertain magnitude. Several procedures were developed to analyse such systems. This paper deals with the approach based on application of the fuzzy numbers. The investigated mechanical system is a rotor supported by hydrodynamic bearings. The parameters of its loading have uncertain values. Keywords: rotors; uncertain parameters; fuzzy numbers approach Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Approaches to dynamical analysis of rotors with parameters of uncertain magnitudes

In many cases, the rotor configuration or loading characteristics are described by parameters of uncertain magnitude. Several procedures were developed to analyse such systems. This paper deals with ...

Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan; Košina, Jan; Cibulka, Jan
Ústav termomechaniky, 2022

100 years of the Friedmann equation
Křížek, Michal
2022 - English
In 1922, Alexander Friedmann applied Einstein’s equations to a three-dimensional sphere to describe the evolution of our universe. In this way he obtained a nonlinear ordinary differential equation (called after him) for the expansion function representing the radius of that sphere. At present, the standard cosmological ΛCDM model of the universe is based just on the Friedmann equation. It needs a significant amount of dark matter, about six times that of the usual baryonic matter, besides an even larger amount of dark energy to be consistent with the real universe. But to date, both dark matter and dark energy have remained without concrete evidence based on direct physical measurements. We present several arguments showing that such a claimed amount of dark matter and dark energy can only be the result of vast overestimation, incorrect extrapolations, and that it does not correspond to the real universe. The spatial part of our universe seems to be locally flat and thus it can be locally modeled by the Euclidean space. However, Friedmann did not consider the flat space with zero curvature. Therefore, in the second part of this paper we will derive a general form of the corresponding metric tensor satisfying Einstein’s equations with zero right-hand side. Keywords: Einstein's equations; modeling error; incorrect extrapolations; dark matter Fulltext is available at external website.
100 years of the Friedmann equation

In 1922, Alexander Friedmann applied Einstein’s equations to a three-dimensional sphere to describe the evolution of our universe. In this way he obtained a nonlinear ordinary differential equation ...

Křížek, Michal
Matematický ústav, 2022

Nová regionální reanalýza pro střední Evropu PERUN/Reanalysis
Pokorná, Lucie; Belda, M.; Beranová, Romana
2022 - Czech
Tento příspěvek se věnuje obecnému popisu atmosférických reanalýz, jejich koncepci a roli při výzkumu atmosféry a klimatu. Představuje regionální reanalýzu PERUN/Reanalysis, která vznikla s využitím numerického modelu ALADIN v ČHMÚ v letech 2021-2022. The contribution describes atmospheric reanalyses in general, their concept and role in atmospheric and climate research. The novel PERUN/Reanalysis regional reanalysis based on the ALADIN numerical model opreating at the Czech National Institute of Hydrometeorology is presented. Keywords: assimilation; model Fulltext is available at external website.
Nová regionální reanalýza pro střední Evropu PERUN/Reanalysis

Tento příspěvek se věnuje obecnému popisu atmosférických reanalýz, jejich koncepci a roli při výzkumu atmosféry a klimatu. Představuje regionální reanalýzu PERUN/Reanalysis, která vznikla s využitím ...

Pokorná, Lucie; Belda, M.; Beranová, Romana
Ústav fyziky atmosféry, 2022

Cosmology on Small Scales 2022: Dark Energy and the Local Hubble Expansion Problem
Křížek, Michal; Dumin, Y. V.
2022 - English
One hundred years ago, Russian mathematician and physicist Alexander A. Friedmann applied the system of Einstein equations to the three-dimensional sphere with a time varying radius. In this way, he obtained a nonlinear ordinary differential equation which is called the Friedmann equation after him and serves now as a cornerstone of the standard cosmological model. Unfortunately, it is well known that this model exhibits a number of paradoxes. Thus, the main goal of the CSS 2022 Conference Proceedings is to discuss whether and how the Friedmann equation can be applied at the various spatial scales, from our local cosmic neighborhood up to the whole Universe, and if the existence of dark matter and dark energy are merely artifacts of the excessive extrapolations. Keywords: Friedmann equation; dark matter; dark energy; local Hubble expansion Fulltext is available at external website.
Cosmology on Small Scales 2022: Dark Energy and the Local Hubble Expansion Problem

One hundred years ago, Russian mathematician and physicist Alexander A. Friedmann applied the system of Einstein equations to the three-dimensional sphere with a time varying radius. In this way, he ...

Křížek, Michal; Dumin, Y. V.
Matematický ústav, 2022

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