Number of found documents: 7304
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Influence of ball material on the resulting fatigue life of thermal sprayed HVOF coatings in dynamic impact testing
Duliškovič, J.; Daniel, Josef; Houdková, Š.
2024 - English
Dynamic impact wear, i.e. contact between two components in the presence of high cyclic local loads, is a challenging failure mode that occurs in many mechanical applications. Many previous studies have confirmed that dynamic impact testing is suitable for evaluating the contact fatigue of thermal sprayed coatings. However, the effect of the test parameters on the resulting lifetime is unclear. The aim of this study describes the effect of the ball material used in the dynamic impact test on the resulting fatigue life of the HVOF thermal sprayed coating. Three test balls made of WC/Co alloy, Si3N4 silicon nitride and 440 C steel were chosen for this study. Dynamic impaction testing was carried out on the Cr3C2-NiCr coating, which was sprayed by HVOF on a 1.2376 high-speed steel substrate. The impact lifetime was described by the number of critical impacts, i.e. the number of impacts before coating fatigue occurs. Furthermore, the depth and volume of impact craters were measured. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the surface of the impacts as well as the microstructure of the coating on the cross-section in the region of the impacts were observed. Furthermore, the mechanism of crack propagation in the coating and the microstructure of the indentor were investigated. Keywords: dynamic impact test; HVOF; Cr3C2-NiCr; fatigue Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Influence of ball material on the resulting fatigue life of thermal sprayed HVOF coatings in dynamic impact testing

Dynamic impact wear, i.e. contact between two components in the presence of high cyclic local loads, is a challenging failure mode that occurs in many mechanical applications. Many previous studies ...

Duliškovič, J.; Daniel, Josef; Houdková, Š.
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Functional Tungsten-based thin films and their characterization
Košelová, Zuzana; Horáková, L.; Sobola, Dinara; Burda, Daniel; Knápek, Alexandr; Fohlerová, Z.
2024 - English
Anodizing is a technique by which thin oxide layers can be formed on a surface. Thin oxide layers have been found to be useful in a variety of applications, including emitters of electrons. Tungsten is still a common choice for cold field emitters in commercial microscopy applications. Its suitable quality can be further improved by thin film deposition. Not only the emission characteristic can be improved, but also the emitter operating time can be extended. Tungsten oxide is known for its excellent resistance to corrosion and chemical attack due to its stable crystal structure and strong chemical bonds between tungsten and oxygen atoms. Many techniques with different advantages and disadvantages have been used for this purpose. Anodization was chosen for this work because of the controllable uniform coverage of the material and its easy availability without the need for expensive complex equipment. The anodizing process involves applying an electrical potential to tungsten while it is immersed in an electrolyte solution. This creates a thin layer of tungsten oxide on the surface of the metal. The thickness and properties of the resulting oxide layer can be controlled by adjusting the anodization conditions, such as the electrolyte solution, voltage, and the duration of the process. In this work, H3PO4 was used as the electrolyte to test whether these tungsten oxide layers would be useful for electron emitters, for use in electron guns and other devices that require high-quality electron emitters. The properties were evaluated using appropriate techniques. In general, anodization of tungsten to form thin layers of tungsten oxide layers is a promising technique for producing high quality electron emitters. Keywords: cold-field emission; thin layer deposition; tungsten oxide; resonance enhanced tunneling; anodization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Functional Tungsten-based thin films and their characterization

Anodizing is a technique by which thin oxide layers can be formed on a surface. Thin oxide layers have been found to be useful in a variety of applications, including emitters of electrons. Tungsten ...

Košelová, Zuzana; Horáková, L.; Sobola, Dinara; Burda, Daniel; Knápek, Alexandr; Fohlerová, Z.
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Microstructure modifications of Al-Si-coated press-hardened steel 22MnB5 by laser welding
Šebestová, Hana; Horník, Petr; Mika, Filip; Mikmeková, Šárka; Ambrož, Ondřej; Mrňa, Libor
2024 - English
Weld microstructure depends on the characteristics of welded materials and parameters of welding technology, especially on the heat input that determines the peak temperature and the cooling rate. When the coated sheets are welded, the effect of the chemical composition of the coating must be also considered even though its thickness is only a few tens of microns. During 22MnB5+AlSi laser welding experiments, the ferrite-stabilizing elements of coating modified the weld metal microstructure. Ferrite appeared in a quenched weld metal. The rapid cooling rate accompanying welding with a focused beam limited the homogenization of the weld metal which resulted in the formation of ferritic bands in the regions rich in Si and especially in Al. On the other hand, a high level of homogenization was reached when welding with the defocused beam. The ferritic islands uniformly distributed in the weld metal were formed at 0.4 wt% and 1.6 wt% of Si and Al, respectively. The doubled heat input reduced the Al content to 0.7 wt% insufficient for the ferrite formation at still relatively high cooling rates. Predicting the distribution of ferrite in the weld metal is challenging due to its dependence on various factors, such as cooling rate and the volume of dissolved coating, which may vary with any modifications made to the welding parameters. Keywords: laser welding; high-strength steel; microstructure; heat input; ferrite stabilization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Microstructure modifications of Al-Si-coated press-hardened steel 22MnB5 by laser welding

Weld microstructure depends on the characteristics of welded materials and parameters of welding technology, especially on the heat input that determines the peak temperature and the cooling rate. ...

Šebestová, Hana; Horník, Petr; Mika, Filip; Mikmeková, Šárka; Ambrož, Ondřej; Mrňa, Libor
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Finite element approximation of fluid structure interaction using Taylor-Hood and Scott-Vogelius elements
Vacek, Karel; Sváček, P.
2024 - English
This paper addresses the problem of fluid flow interacting a vibrating solid cylinder described by one degree of freedom system and with fixed airfoil. The problem is described by the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations written in the arbitrary Eulerian-Lagrangian (ALE) formulation. The ALE mapping is constructed with the use of a pseudo-elastic approach. The flow problem is numerically approximated by the finite element method (FEM). For discretization of the fluid flow, the results obtained by both the Taylor-Hood (TH) element and the Scott-Vogelius (SV) finite element are compared. The TH element satisfies the Babuška-Brezzi inf-sup condition, which guarantees the stability of the scheme. In the case of the SV element the mesh, that is created as a barycentric refinement of regular triangulation, is used to satisfy the Babuška-Brezzi condition. The numerical results for two benchmark problems are shown. Keywords: finite element method; arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method; Scott-Vogelius element; Taylor-Hood element Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Finite element approximation of fluid structure interaction using Taylor-Hood and Scott-Vogelius elements

This paper addresses the problem of fluid flow interacting a vibrating solid cylinder described by one degree of freedom system and with fixed airfoil. The problem is described by the incompressible ...

Vacek, Karel; Sváček, P.
Matematický ústav, 2024

Numerical study of the steady airflow in the human respiratory system during inhaling and exhaling
Lancmanová, Anna; Bodnár, Tomáš
2024 - English
This paper presents some of the initial results of the numerical simulations of a steady turbulent flow in human upper airways during inhalation and exhalation. The mathematical model is based on the system of Reynolds-Averaged incompressible Navier-Stokes equations complemented by the SST k − ω turbulence model. The simulations were performed using finite-volume open source solver OpenFOAM on a realistic three-dimensional geometry. The main aim of this particular study is to verify the computational setup with special focus on appropriate choice and implementation of boundary conditions. The prescribed boundary conditions are chosen to mimic the physiological conditions during normal breathing cycle. This study aims to gain an insight into the airflow behavior during the inhalation and exhalation process by comparing the results of two distinct simulations corresponding to two different (opposite) flow rates . The obtained local flow rates and flow fields for both cases are presented and mutually compared. This initial work should serve as a foundation for future more complex simulations that will include the time-dependent and compressible effects. Keywords: human airways; incompressible Navier-Stokes; OpenFOAM Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Numerical study of the steady airflow in the human respiratory system during inhaling and exhaling

This paper presents some of the initial results of the numerical simulations of a steady turbulent flow in human upper airways during inhalation and exhalation. The mathematical model is based on the ...

Lancmanová, Anna; Bodnár, Tomáš
Matematický ústav, 2024

Numerical evaluation of mass-diffusive compressible fluids flows models
Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
2024 - English
This contribution presents first numerical tests of some recently published alternative models for solution of viscous compressible and nearly incompressible models. All models are solved by high resolution compact finite difference scheme with strong stability preserving RungeKutta time stepping. The two simple but challenging computational test cases are presented, based on the double-periodic shear layer and the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. The obtained time-dependent flow fields are showing pronounced shear and vorticity layers being resolved by the standard as well as by the new mass-diffusive modified models. The preliminary results show that the new models are viable alternative to the well established classical models. Keywords: compressible Navier-Stokes; nearly incompressible flow; mass diffusion; compact finite-difference Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Numerical evaluation of mass-diffusive compressible fluids flows models

This contribution presents first numerical tests of some recently published alternative models for solution of viscous compressible and nearly incompressible models. All models are solved by high ...

Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
Matematický ústav, 2024

Motion of fluids in the moving domain
Nečasová, Šárka
2024 - English
It is a survay paper where the problem of the existence of weak solutions of compressible barotropic solutions in a moving bounded domain is studied. Keywords: compressible fluid; moving domain; weak solutions Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Motion of fluids in the moving domain

It is a survay paper where the problem of the existence of weak solutions of compressible barotropic solutions in a moving bounded domain is studied.

Nečasová, Šárka
Matematický ústav, 2024

TESTING THE METHOD OF MULTIPLE SCALES AND THE AVERAGING PRINCIPLE FOR MODEL PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF QUASIPERIODIC TWO TIME-SCALE MODELS
Papáček, Štěpán; Matonoha, Ctirad
2023 - English
Some dynamical systems are characterized by more than one timescale, e.g. two well separated time-scales are typical for quasiperiodic systems. The aim of this paper is to show how singular perturbation methods based on the slow-fast decomposition can serve for an enhanced parameter estimation when the slowly changing features are rigorously treated. Although the ultimate goal is to reduce the standard error for the estimated parameters, here we test two methods for numerical approximations of the solution of associated forward problem: (i) the multiple time-scales method, and (ii) the method of averaging. On a case study, being an under-damped harmonic oscillator containing two state variables and two parameters, the method of averaging gives well (theoretically predicted) results, while the use of multiple time-scales method is not suitable for our purposes. Keywords: Dynamical system; Singular perturbation; Averaging; Parameter estimation; Slow-fast decomposition; Damped oscillations Fulltext is available at external website.
TESTING THE METHOD OF MULTIPLE SCALES AND THE AVERAGING PRINCIPLE FOR MODEL PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF QUASIPERIODIC TWO TIME-SCALE MODELS

Some dynamical systems are characterized by more than one timescale, e.g. two well separated time-scales are typical for quasiperiodic systems. The aim of this paper is to show how singular ...

Papáček, Štěpán; Matonoha, Ctirad
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2023

Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials
Kočí, Michal
2023 - English
Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and extraordinary physical and chemical properties, preferable for many different applications, including sensor devices. This work focuses on responses of various sensing layers (NCD with hydrogen termination (H-NCD), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) and their hybrid structures to ethanol vapor with concentrations up to 100 ppm in synthetic air at room temperature. The measured parameters of the tested sensors, especially stability, reproducibility and regeneration, are compared and critically evaluated. The high sensitivity of tested sensors achieved at room temperature makes them very promising for monitoring ethanol vapor as well as other volatile substances (e.g., isopropyl-alcohol or acetone). Keywords: gas sensor; nanocrystalline diamond (NCD); graphene oxide (GO); reduced graphene oxide (rGO); thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials

Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and ...

Kočí, Michal
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Ceramic protection of anti-corrosion layers of 3-glycidyloxypropyl-triethoxysilane on steel
Pokorný, P.; Prodanović, N.; Janata, Marek; Brožek, Vlastimil
2023 - English
There are various variations on the problem of steel reinforcement bond strength in concrete. Along with geometrical considerations, corrosion performance of steels with varying chemical compositions in interaction with variable chemical compositions of concrete are crucial. One approach is to cover steel surfaces with organosilane compounds, which increases the reinforcement resistance to corrosion in both acidic and alkaline conditions but, on the other hand, may weaken the reinforcement bond strength on concrete. The issue is resolved by intentionally forming a thin-walled, highly adhering corundum layer that is highly porous and impregnated with 3-glycidyloxypropyltriethoxysilane. This procedure also includes testing the adhesion properties between the ceramic and the metal and the cement prior to conducting a corrosion test in a chloride environment. Keywords: steel; concrete; ceramics Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Ceramic protection of anti-corrosion layers of 3-glycidyloxypropyl-triethoxysilane on steel

There are various variations on the problem of steel reinforcement bond strength in concrete. Along with geometrical considerations, corrosion performance of steels with varying chemical compositions ...

Pokorný, P.; Prodanović, N.; Janata, Marek; Brožek, Vlastimil
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2023

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