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Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - IMPAKT 2023
Červenka, Jan; Vinopal, Jiří
2024 - Czech
Výzkumná zpráva s hlavními výsledky dotazníkových šetření provedených v rámci projektu „Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - příklad RMU a pandemie koronaviru v české společnosti“ v roce 2023. A research report with main outputs of the surveys conducted under the project „Parallels and Differences of Social Situations with Panic Potential - an example of RMU and a coronavir pandemic in Czech society“ in 2023. Keywords: social panic; radiation; citizen science Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - IMPAKT 2023

Výzkumná zpráva s hlavními výsledky dotazníkových šetření provedených v rámci projektu „Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - příklad RMU a pandemie koronaviru v české ...

Červenka, Jan; Vinopal, Jiří
Sociologický ústav, 2024

Microstructure modifications of Al-Si-coated press-hardened steel 22MnB5 by laser welding
Šebestová, Hana; Horník, Petr; Mika, Filip; Mikmeková, Šárka; Ambrož, Ondřej; Mrňa, Libor
2024 - English
Weld microstructure depends on the characteristics of welded materials and parameters of welding technology, especially on the heat input that determines the peak temperature and the cooling rate. When the coated sheets are welded, the effect of the chemical composition of the coating must be also considered even though its thickness is only a few tens of microns. During 22MnB5+AlSi laser welding experiments, the ferrite-stabilizing elements of coating modified the weld metal microstructure. Ferrite appeared in a quenched weld metal. The rapid cooling rate accompanying welding with a focused beam limited the homogenization of the weld metal which resulted in the formation of ferritic bands in the regions rich in Si and especially in Al. On the other hand, a high level of homogenization was reached when welding with the defocused beam. The ferritic islands uniformly distributed in the weld metal were formed at 0.4 wt% and 1.6 wt% of Si and Al, respectively. The doubled heat input reduced the Al content to 0.7 wt% insufficient for the ferrite formation at still relatively high cooling rates. Predicting the distribution of ferrite in the weld metal is challenging due to its dependence on various factors, such as cooling rate and the volume of dissolved coating, which may vary with any modifications made to the welding parameters. Keywords: laser welding; high-strength steel; microstructure; heat input; ferrite stabilization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Microstructure modifications of Al-Si-coated press-hardened steel 22MnB5 by laser welding

Weld microstructure depends on the characteristics of welded materials and parameters of welding technology, especially on the heat input that determines the peak temperature and the cooling rate. ...

Šebestová, Hana; Horník, Petr; Mika, Filip; Mikmeková, Šárka; Ambrož, Ondřej; Mrňa, Libor
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Influence of ball material on the resulting fatigue life of thermal sprayed HVOF coatings in dynamic impact testing
Duliškovič, J.; Daniel, Josef; Houdková, Š.
2024 - English
Dynamic impact wear, i.e. contact between two components in the presence of high cyclic local loads, is a challenging failure mode that occurs in many mechanical applications. Many previous studies have confirmed that dynamic impact testing is suitable for evaluating the contact fatigue of thermal sprayed coatings. However, the effect of the test parameters on the resulting lifetime is unclear. The aim of this study describes the effect of the ball material used in the dynamic impact test on the resulting fatigue life of the HVOF thermal sprayed coating. Three test balls made of WC/Co alloy, Si3N4 silicon nitride and 440 C steel were chosen for this study. Dynamic impaction testing was carried out on the Cr3C2-NiCr coating, which was sprayed by HVOF on a 1.2376 high-speed steel substrate. The impact lifetime was described by the number of critical impacts, i.e. the number of impacts before coating fatigue occurs. Furthermore, the depth and volume of impact craters were measured. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the surface of the impacts as well as the microstructure of the coating on the cross-section in the region of the impacts were observed. Furthermore, the mechanism of crack propagation in the coating and the microstructure of the indentor were investigated. Keywords: dynamic impact test; HVOF; Cr3C2-NiCr; fatigue Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Influence of ball material on the resulting fatigue life of thermal sprayed HVOF coatings in dynamic impact testing

Dynamic impact wear, i.e. contact between two components in the presence of high cyclic local loads, is a challenging failure mode that occurs in many mechanical applications. Many previous studies ...

Duliškovič, J.; Daniel, Josef; Houdková, Š.
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Functional Tungsten-based thin films and their characterization
Košelová, Zuzana; Horáková, L.; Sobola, Dinara; Burda, Daniel; Knápek, Alexandr; Fohlerová, Z.
2024 - English
Anodizing is a technique by which thin oxide layers can be formed on a surface. Thin oxide layers have been found to be useful in a variety of applications, including emitters of electrons. Tungsten is still a common choice for cold field emitters in commercial microscopy applications. Its suitable quality can be further improved by thin film deposition. Not only the emission characteristic can be improved, but also the emitter operating time can be extended. Tungsten oxide is known for its excellent resistance to corrosion and chemical attack due to its stable crystal structure and strong chemical bonds between tungsten and oxygen atoms. Many techniques with different advantages and disadvantages have been used for this purpose. Anodization was chosen for this work because of the controllable uniform coverage of the material and its easy availability without the need for expensive complex equipment. The anodizing process involves applying an electrical potential to tungsten while it is immersed in an electrolyte solution. This creates a thin layer of tungsten oxide on the surface of the metal. The thickness and properties of the resulting oxide layer can be controlled by adjusting the anodization conditions, such as the electrolyte solution, voltage, and the duration of the process. In this work, H3PO4 was used as the electrolyte to test whether these tungsten oxide layers would be useful for electron emitters, for use in electron guns and other devices that require high-quality electron emitters. The properties were evaluated using appropriate techniques. In general, anodization of tungsten to form thin layers of tungsten oxide layers is a promising technique for producing high quality electron emitters. Keywords: cold-field emission; thin layer deposition; tungsten oxide; resonance enhanced tunneling; anodization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Functional Tungsten-based thin films and their characterization

Anodizing is a technique by which thin oxide layers can be formed on a surface. Thin oxide layers have been found to be useful in a variety of applications, including emitters of electrons. Tungsten ...

Košelová, Zuzana; Horáková, L.; Sobola, Dinara; Burda, Daniel; Knápek, Alexandr; Fohlerová, Z.
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

2TDK Railway, profile P18. Datings. Final Report.
Bosák, Pavel; Zupan Hajna, N.; Hercman, H.; Horáček, I.; Kdýr, Šimon; Kogovšek, B.
2023 - English
Samples for datings were taken in the railway construction (2TDK) near village of Divača, Classical Karst on October 12, 2021: (1) vertebrate bones in cave 2TDK – 002 at the profile P18, cave entrance appeared during the construction operations on cleaned karst surface in a wall of karst depression. Samples of mammal bones and gastropods were collected in situ on cave bottom, and (2) pieces of speleothems occurring in non in situ position on artificially planated surface near the cave opening were collected. U-series: no numerical date was obtained as geochemistry of sample indicate open system, probably due to recrystallization of sample in soil cover. Paleomagnetism: The transition of N- and R-polarized samples cannot be identified more precisely as U-series radiometric dating yielded no numerical results. The transition easily can represent Brunhes/Matuyama boundary (at 773 ka) as well as any of older such transitions (e. g., base of Jaramillo, base of Olduvai). In any case the speleothem grew in a closed cave space with roof, probably as flowstone (inclusion of red soils above the base) and later as baldachin on eroded allogenic fill of the paleocave. Vertebrate paleontology: bone remains of small and larger vertebrates represent subrecent to Holocene species. Sorex alpinus represents the species quite rare in fossil record, but recetly limited to variegated woodland habitats with high surface humidity. A chamois Rupicapra rupicapra represents a resident species present in Slovenia throughout all stages of a glacial cycle, recently restricted to mountain habitats. Keywords: Divača Karst; unroofed cave; speleothem; U-Th dating; paleomagnetism; zoopaleontology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
2TDK Railway, profile P18. Datings. Final Report.

Samples for datings were taken in the railway construction (2TDK) near village of Divača, Classical Karst on October 12, 2021: (1) vertebrate bones in cave 2TDK – 002 at the profile P18, cave entrance ...

Bosák, Pavel; Zupan Hajna, N.; Hercman, H.; Horáček, I.; Kdýr, Šimon; Kogovšek, B.
Geologický ústav, 2023

Analýza malty z 19. století
Bauerová, Pavla; Frankeová, Dita; Slížková, Zuzana; Vondráčková, Michaela
2023 - Czech
Chemické a mineralogické složení pojiva a plniva malty pomocí elektronové mikroskopie (SEM-EDS) a termické analýzy Chemical and mineralogical composition of the binder and the aggregates of the mortar, using SEM-EDS and thermal analysis Keywords: SEM-EDS analysis; historic mortar; hydraulic lime; decalcification; carbonatization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Analýza malty z 19. století

Chemické a mineralogické složení pojiva a plniva malty pomocí elektronové mikroskopie (SEM-EDS) a termické analýzy...

Bauerová, Pavla; Frankeová, Dita; Slížková, Zuzana; Vondráčková, Michaela
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2023

Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials
Kočí, Michal
2023 - English
Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and extraordinary physical and chemical properties, preferable for many different applications, including sensor devices. This work focuses on responses of various sensing layers (NCD with hydrogen termination (H-NCD), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) and their hybrid structures to ethanol vapor with concentrations up to 100 ppm in synthetic air at room temperature. The measured parameters of the tested sensors, especially stability, reproducibility and regeneration, are compared and critically evaluated. The high sensitivity of tested sensors achieved at room temperature makes them very promising for monitoring ethanol vapor as well as other volatile substances (e.g., isopropyl-alcohol or acetone). Keywords: gas sensor; nanocrystalline diamond (NCD); graphene oxide (GO); reduced graphene oxide (rGO); thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials

Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and ...

Kočí, Michal
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Dynamická zkouška dvojice zavěšených lávek pro pěší a cyklisty v oblasti Dolních Vítkovic
Hračov, Stanislav; Urushadze, Shota; Macháček, Michael
2023 - Czech
Zpráva popisuje postup provedení a výsledky dynamické zatěžovací zkoušky dvojice lávek pro pěší v Ostravě. Zjištěné modální vlastnosti skutečných konstrukcí jsou porovnány s výsledky teoretické modální analýzy jejich numerických modelů. Úroveň vibrací mostovek obou lávek od přechodů chodců a běžců je poté posouzena s ohledem na jejich pohodlí a zdraví. The report describes the procedure and results of the dynamic loading test carried out at a pair of footbridges in Ostrava. The determined modal properties of the real structures are compared with the results of the theoretical modal analysis of their numerical models. The levels of the vibrations of the decks originated from pedestrians and runners are assessed with respect to their comfort and health. Keywords: footbridge; dynamic loading test; pedestrian load; vibration comfort criteria; tuned mass dampers Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Dynamická zkouška dvojice zavěšených lávek pro pěší a cyklisty v oblasti Dolních Vítkovic

Zpráva popisuje postup provedení a výsledky dynamické zatěžovací zkoušky dvojice lávek pro pěší v Ostravě. Zjištěné modální vlastnosti skutečných konstrukcí jsou porovnány s výsledky teoretické ...

Hračov, Stanislav; Urushadze, Shota; Macháček, Michael
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2023

Výzkum zříceniny hradu Štamberk v kontextu regionu
Novotný, Jakub; Ramešová, Michaela
2023 - Czech
Příspěvek přibližuje dosavadní výsledky výzkumu hradu Štamberk realizovaného dle nově definovaných zásad pro výzkum, správu a prezentaci historických zřícenin, jehož cílem je podpořit nová řešení jak zvýšit využitelnost hradu pro cestovní ruch a integrovat památku do regionálních struktur lokalit s potenciálem cestovního ruchu. Hrad byl významným panstvím v rámci území dnešní Vysočiny. Předmětem řešení projektu, na kterém od roku 2020 spolupracuje ÚTAM AV ČR s Mikroregionem Telčsko, je výzkum historie hradu se zaměřením na technologická hlediska jeho výstavby, stavebních změn i zániku. Součástí je vytvoření 3D modelu zříceniny v krajinném kontextu. Projekt se soustředí na dějiny výroby vápna a související inventarizaci geologických lokalit. Tento výzkum přináší nové informace důležité nejen pro poznání historie hradu či pro studium analogických situací, ale také pro zvýšení atraktivity památky pro cestovní ruch. Příspěvek nejprve představí aktuální standardy výzkumu a managementu zřícenin, následně se bude zabývat nástinem potenciálu výzkumu Štamberka pro oblast cestovního ruchu s důrazem na historii hradu, mapování krajinného rámce a identifikace vazeb na regionální prostředí. Na závěr zrekapituluje dosavadní výsledky využitelné k prezentaci historického, kulturního i přírodního bohatství regionu se specifickou vazbou na cestovní ruch. The paper provides an overview of the research results of the Štamberk castle carried out according to newly defined principles for the research, management and presentation of historical ruins, the aim of which is to support new solutions to increase the usability of the castle for tourism and to integrate the monument into the regional structures of localities with tourism potential. The castle was an important place within the territory of today's Highlands. The subject of the project, on which ITAM CAS has been collaborating with the Telčsko Microregion since 2020, is research into the history of the castle with a focus on the technological aspects of its construction, structural changes and demise. It includes the creation of a 3D model of the ruins in a landscape context. The project focuses on the history of lime production and the related inventory of geological sites. This research brings new information important not only for learning about the history of the castle or for studying analogous situations, but also for increasing the attractiveness of the monument for tourism. The paper first presents the current standards of research and management of ruins, then it deals with an outline of the research potential of Štamberk for the field of tourism with an emphasis on the history of the castle, mapping the landscape framework and identifying links to the regional environment. At the end, it summarizes the results so far that can be used to present the historical, cultural and natural wealth of the region with a specific link to tourism. Keywords: Štamberk; ruin; technological research; presentation of monuments; tourism Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Výzkum zříceniny hradu Štamberk v kontextu regionu

Příspěvek přibližuje dosavadní výsledky výzkumu hradu Štamberk realizovaného dle nově definovaných zásad pro výzkum, správu a prezentaci historických zřícenin, jehož cílem je podpořit nová řešení jak ...

Novotný, Jakub; Ramešová, Michaela
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2023

Dílo a proměna myšlení v české kultuře 19. století. Sborník příspěvků z 42. ročníku mezioborového sympozia k problematice 19. století. Plzeň 2.-4. března 2022
Petrasová, Taťána; Machalíková, Pavla
2023 - Czech
Keywords: interdisciplinary symposium; 19th century; Czech Lands Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Dílo a proměna myšlení v české kultuře 19. století. Sborník příspěvků z 42. ročníku mezioborového sympozia k problematice 19. století. Plzeň 2.-4. března 2022

Petrasová, Taťána; Machalíková, Pavla
Ústav dějin umění, 2023

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