Number of found documents: 430
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Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials
Kočí, Michal
2023 - English
Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and extraordinary physical and chemical properties, preferable for many different applications, including sensor devices. This work focuses on responses of various sensing layers (NCD with hydrogen termination (H-NCD), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) and their hybrid structures to ethanol vapor with concentrations up to 100 ppm in synthetic air at room temperature. The measured parameters of the tested sensors, especially stability, reproducibility and regeneration, are compared and critically evaluated. The high sensitivity of tested sensors achieved at room temperature makes them very promising for monitoring ethanol vapor as well as other volatile substances (e.g., isopropyl-alcohol or acetone). Keywords: gas sensor; nanocrystalline diamond (NCD); graphene oxide (GO); reduced graphene oxide (rGO); thiol-functionalized graphene oxide (GO-SH) Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Room temperature ethanol detection using carbon materials

Allotropic forms of carbon, in particular graphene oxide (GO) or nanocrystalline diamond (NCD), attracted the attention of many research groups due to their unique electronic structures and ...

Kočí, Michal
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Book of abstracts of the 1st outdoor seminar of the Department of Optical Materials: Advances in the new materials engineering and study
Buryi, Maksym; Král, Robert
2023 - English
The seminar is dedicated to the main activities of the department of Optical Materials, FZU - Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences in the course of national and international collaborations. In particular, the advanced methods of the (nano)materials synthesis, fabrication, and characterization are presented and discussed in detail. The aim of the seminar is to establish more of the effective paths of communication and data exchange by creating and maintaining links among the teams of national and international experts in various fields of physical and chemical knowledge, both experimental and theoretical. Keywords: nanomaterials; synthesis; data exchange Fulltext is available at external website.
Book of abstracts of the 1st outdoor seminar of the Department of Optical Materials: Advances in the new materials engineering and study

The seminar is dedicated to the main activities of the department of Optical Materials, FZU - Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences in the course of national and international ...

Buryi, Maksym; Král, Robert
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Technological challenges in the fabrication of MoS.sub.2./sub./diamond heterostructures
Varga, Marián; Sojková, M.; Hrdá, J.; Hutar, P.; Parsa Saeb, S.; Vanko, G.; Pribusova Slusna, L.; Ondič, Lukáš; Fait, Jan; Kromka, Alexander; Hulman, M.
2023 - English
Nowadays, 2D materials are one of the most studied classes of materials. In addition to the most famous graphene, progress has been achieved in studying and using fundamental properties of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD). Complementary, diamond as a representative of 3D materials has gained a reputation as an extremely versatile material due to its extraordinary combination of physical/chemical/electrical/optical properties. Besides these particular forms of 2D and 3D materials, their heterostructures have become very attractive due to new phenomena and functions (bandgap engineering, enhanced charge transport, optical interaction, etc.). However, individual technological procedures are still minimally investigated and described. Here, we will demonstrate a proof-of-concept for the preparation of MoS2/diamond heterostructures, where two different strategies were employed: a) growth of MoS2 layers on diamond films, and b) growth of diamond films on Si/MoS2 substrates. Keywords: transition metal dichalcogenides; molybdenum disulfide; diamond; heterostructures Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Technological challenges in the fabrication of MoS.sub.2./sub./diamond heterostructures

Nowadays, 2D materials are one of the most studied classes of materials. In addition to the most famous graphene, progress has been achieved in studying and using fundamental properties of transition ...

Varga, Marián; Sojková, M.; Hrdá, J.; Hutar, P.; Parsa Saeb, S.; Vanko, G.; Pribusova Slusna, L.; Ondič, Lukáš; Fait, Jan; Kromka, Alexander; Hulman, M.
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Enhanced growth rate of diamond films at low temperature in focused microwave plasma system
Babčenko, Oleg; Bydžovská, Irena; Fait, Jan; Shagieva, Ekaterina; Ondič, Lukáš; Kromka, Alexander
2023 - English
The low temperature (< 500 °C) diamond film deposition on fused silica in two different focused microwave plasma systems, i.e. a multimode clamshell cavity (MCC) and a rotational ellipsoid cavity (REC) reactor, was investigated. During the experiments, the methane to hydrogen ratio, in the hydrogen-rich process gas mixture, varied from 1 % to 15 % for MCC and from 1 % to 9 % for REC. The grown films were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and Raman shift measurements. The outcomes of the study and enhanced diamond growth at low temperatures is advantageous for overcoating of fused silica as well as thermally sensitive substrates, e.g. optical elements, photonic crystals, sensors, etc. Keywords: well-faceted diamonds; low temperature deposition; high growth rate; low non-diamond content; focused plasma Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Enhanced growth rate of diamond films at low temperature in focused microwave plasma system

The low temperature (...

Babčenko, Oleg; Bydžovská, Irena; Fait, Jan; Shagieva, Ekaterina; Ondič, Lukáš; Kromka, Alexander
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Book of Abstracts of the 32st Joint Seminar Development of Materials Science in Research and Education (DMSRE)
Kožíšek, Zdeněk; Král, Robert; Zemenová, Petra
2023 - English
Conference topics. Trends in the development of materials research. Information about the research programs of individual institutions. Results of materials research. Education of materials science at the universities. Information about equipment for preparation and characterization of materials.\n Keywords: material sciences Fulltext is available at external website.
Book of Abstracts of the 32st Joint Seminar Development of Materials Science in Research and Education (DMSRE)

Conference topics. Trends in the development of materials research. Information about the research programs of individual institutions. Results of materials research. Education of materials science ...

Kožíšek, Zdeněk; Král, Robert; Zemenová, Petra
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

Photo-active liquid crystalline materials: effect of lateral substitution far from the chiral center
Mironov, Sergei; Suchánek, T.; Marhoul, J.; Cigl, Martin; Hamplová, Věra; Bubnov, Alexej
2023 - English
Photosensitive liquid crystalline (LC) materials give a fascinating possibility to tune and control the optical properties of soft systems distantly by illumination by UV-Vis light. Lateral substitution on the molecular core is an effective tool to tune the behaviour of chiral LCs. The effect of lateral substitution (by F, Cl, Br and methyl group) on the self-assembling behaviour, several new LCs with substituents placed on the benzene ring far from the chiral centre are and studied. All compounds, with exception of Br-substituted one, possess the cholesteric phase. The photosensitive behaviour, in particular the conversion of the E-Z isomers, was studied in toluene solution by HPLC. The kinetics of the photo-isomerization was identified under illumination by UV light. Due to presence of a photo-active azo group these materials can be used as functional dopants for design of smart photo-active liquid crystalline mixtures targeted for various applications in optoelectronics. Keywords: photosensitive chiral liquid crystal; lateral substitution; azobenzene; E-Z isomerization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Photo-active liquid crystalline materials: effect of lateral substitution far from the chiral center

Photosensitive liquid crystalline (LC) materials give a fascinating possibility to tune and control the optical properties of soft systems distantly by illumination by UV-Vis light. Lateral ...

Mironov, Sergei; Suchánek, T.; Marhoul, J.; Cigl, Martin; Hamplová, Věra; Bubnov, Alexej
Fyzikální ústav, 2023

XXIV Czech-Polish seminar: Structural and ferroelectric phase transitions: Book of abstracts and program
Pokorný, Jan; Bubnov, Alexej; Janovská, Marie
2022 - English
This is the Book of Abstracts for the XXIV Czech-Polish Seminar (CPSEM-2022 conference) held in Harrachov (Czech Republic) on May 23 - 27, 2022. The special objective of the conference is expressed in the conference subtitle: Structural and Ferroelectric Phase Transitions. The continuous worldwide interest to this conference series is proving that it has a respected position within the series of International/European conferences covering all interdisciplinary field of the research related to structural and ferroelectric phase transitions. At the CPSEM-2022 conference there were about 100 participants from 10 countries delivered 8 tutorial lectures for early stage researchers, 8 invited lectures and selected 34 oral contributions. More than 55 posters were presented during two poster sessions. Keywords: Czech-Polish seminar; structural and ferroelectric phase transition Available at various institutes of the ASCR
XXIV Czech-Polish seminar: Structural and ferroelectric phase transitions: Book of abstracts and program

This is the Book of Abstracts for the XXIV Czech-Polish Seminar (CPSEM-2022 conference) held in Harrachov (Czech Republic) on May 23 - 27, 2022. The special objective of the conference is expressed in ...

Pokorný, Jan; Bubnov, Alexej; Janovská, Marie
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu martensite
Rameš, Michal; Straka, Ladislav; Sozinov, A.; Heczko, Oleg
2022 - English
The martensites of Heusler alloys based on Ni-Mn-Ga exhibit magnetically-induced reorientation resulting in giant field-induced strain. Up to 12% strain was observed in Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu with 4 at.% of Co and Cu. The driving force of the phenomenon is the magnetocrystalline anisotropy. We studied evolution of the anisotropy with temperature and compositions using magnetiyation curve measurements in four different single crystalline Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu and compared with non-doped Ni-Mn-Ga. The anisotropy of martensite decreases with increasing average doping (Co+Cu)/2 but it does not scale with tetragonal ratio or valence electron concentration. Keywords: martensite; magnetocrystalline anisotropy; Heusler alloys; Ni-Mn-Ga Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu martensite

The martensites of Heusler alloys based on Ni-Mn-Ga exhibit magnetically-induced reorientation resulting in giant field-induced strain. Up to 12% strain was observed in Ni-Mn-Ga-Co-Cu with 4 at.% of ...

Rameš, Michal; Straka, Ladislav; Sozinov, A.; Heczko, Oleg
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

Development and measurement of gas sensors for room temperature applications
Kočí, Michal
2022 - English
Gas sensing properties of a nanocrystalline diamond with a hydrogen-terminated surface (H-terminated NCD) and a molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) are investigated as conductivity sensors with built-in interdigital metal electrode structures. The H-terminated NCD was prepared by plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD), and the MoS2 by a carbide-free one-zone sulfurization method. The sensor's responses were measured for oxidizing (NO2) and reducing (NH3) gases by the same equipment and setup. The parameters of the tested sensors are compared and critically evaluated. Advantageously, the MoS2/H-terminated NCD heterostructure enhances the gas sensing response at room temperature compared to the H-terminated NCD and MoS2 layers. Keywords: gas sensor; nanocrystalline diamond (NCD); transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) Fulltext is available at external website.
Development and measurement of gas sensors for room temperature applications

Gas sensing properties of a nanocrystalline diamond with a hydrogen-terminated surface (H-terminated NCD) and a molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) are investigated as conductivity sensors with built-in ...

Kočí, Michal
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

Effect of molecular structure on liquid crystalline behaviour for chiral lactic acid derivatives
Mironov, Sergei; Bubnov, Alexej
2022 - English
Liquid crystals are self-organizing materials that have great potential for practical applications. The relationship has not been fully established and understood despite numerous studies. We discuss a relatively broad subclass of calamitic chiral lactic acid derivatives and provide specific examples of effective tuning of their mesomorphic and electro-optical behaviour using various types of lateral substitution placed on the molecular core. Keywords: chiral liquid crystals; lateral substitution; ferroelectric smectic phase; spontaneous polarization; lactic acid Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Effect of molecular structure on liquid crystalline behaviour for chiral lactic acid derivatives

Liquid crystals are self-organizing materials that have great potential for practical applications. The relationship ...

Mironov, Sergei; Bubnov, Alexej
Fyzikální ústav, 2022

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