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Computational and experimental assessment of natural frequencies in a bladed disk system
Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Maturkanič, Dušan; Voronova, Evgeniya; Hodboď, Robert
2024 - English
This paper examines the modal characteristics of a bladed disk in rotating machinery systems using a combination of analytical and experimental modal analysis methods. The analysis involves measuring natural frequencies and mode shapes under different operational conditions. A comparative analysis is conducted to assess modal properties obtained from both analytical and experimental approaches, while also considering the influence of rotation speed. Additionally, Finite Element Method (FEM) outputs are used to accurately position the strain gauge. Integrating these techniques provides a comprehensive understanding of the bladed disk's behaviour under varying rotational speeds, enhancing result accuracy and facilitating thorough investigation within rotating machinery systems. Keywords: natural frequencies; FEM; LDV; strain gauge Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Computational and experimental assessment of natural frequencies in a bladed disk system

This paper examines the modal characteristics of a bladed disk in rotating machinery systems using a combination of analytical and experimental modal analysis methods. The analysis involves measuring ...

Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Maturkanič, Dušan; Voronova, Evgeniya; Hodboď, Robert
Ústav termomechaniky, 2024

Numerické optimalizační metody
Lukšan, Ladislav
2024 - Czech
Tato zpráva popisuje teoretické i praktické vlastnosti numerických metod pro nepodmíněnou optimalizaci. Studují se metody pro obecné i speciální optimalizační úlohy, mezi které patří minimalizace součtu čtverců, součtu absolutních hodnot, maximní hodnoty a dalších nehladkých funkcí. Kromě metod pro standardní úlohy středních rozměrů jsou studovány i metody pro rozsáhlé řídké a strukturované úlohy. Velká pozornost je věnována soustavám nelineárních rovnic.\n Keywords: Numerická optimalizace; nelineární aproximace; systémy nelineárních rovnic; algoritmy Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
Numerické optimalizační metody

Tato zpráva popisuje teoretické i praktické vlastnosti numerických metod pro nepodmíněnou optimalizaci. Studují se metody pro obecné i speciální optimalizační úlohy, mezi které patří minimalizace ...

Lukšan, Ladislav
Ústav informatiky, 2024

Flow simulations approach for flocculation tanks
Idžakovičová, Kristýna; Bílek, V.; Haidl, J.; Isoz, Martin; Pivokonský, M.
2024 - English
Flocculation in water treatment facilities plays a key role in the separation of colloidal inorganic and organic substances. Its optimization leads to a significant increase in its efficiency and savings of operational costs. However, it is currently based on trial-and-error experimental approaches. In this contribution, we focus on flow modeling in stirred flocculation tanks that would, after coupling with a calibrated model of particle aggregation, enable simulationbased flocculation optimization. Despite the abundance of literature on stirred tank modeling, there is no universal agreement on the methodology used to describe turbulence nor on the approach to the computational mesh creation. Consequently, there is no unified methodology for simulations and their validation. To address this, we present a best-practice methodology for economical, yet reliable flow simulations in the said device. This methodology includes the choice of the turbulence model, the approach to the design of a high quality mesh suitable for arbitrary geometries, and results evaluation. It is developed based on an extensive literature review, a multitude of flow simulations using several meshes of progressively higher quality and resolution, and various strategies to converge to steady-state flow conditions. The simulation quality indicators used here involve comparison with the experimental data on fluid velocity, stirrer power output, and flow rate through the impeller zone. Additionally, the resulting flow simulation models are compared using tracer transport simulations, hinting at their potential for coupling with particle aggregation models. Keywords: flocculation tank; stirring; MRF; CFD; OpenFOAM Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Flow simulations approach for flocculation tanks

Flocculation in water treatment facilities plays a key role in the separation of colloidal inorganic and organic substances. Its optimization leads to a significant increase in its efficiency and ...

Idžakovičová, Kristýna; Bílek, V.; Haidl, J.; Isoz, Martin; Pivokonský, M.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2024

Posouzení stavu a měření mechanických vlastností dřevěné konstrukce krovu a stropu 1. patra státního zámku Hrádek u Nechanic, rejstř. číslo kult. památky: 18278/6‐619
Kloiber, Michal; Drdácký, Miloš
2024 - Czech
Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Posouzení stavu a měření mechanických vlastností dřevěné konstrukce krovu a stropu 1. patra státního zámku Hrádek u Nechanic, rejstř. číslo kult. památky: 18278/6‐619

Kloiber, Michal; Drdácký, Miloš
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2024

A New Hollow Fiber-Based Liquid-Phase Microextraction Method for the Determination of Antihypertensive Drug Lercanidipine in Biological Samples
Labzova, O.; Hrdlička, Vojtěch; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
2024 - English
A new hollow fiber-based liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) method for the determination of antihypertensive drug lercandipine (LCN) in biological samples was developed. HF-LPME was\ncombined with optimized square wave voltammetry (SWV) on a cathodically pre-treated screenprinted boron-doped diamond electrode (SP-BDDE). Optimum HF-LPME conditions were:\nsupported liquid membrane (SLM) dodecane, 0.02 mol L-1 Britton-Robinson buffer (BRB, pH = 3) acceptor phase, BRB (pH = 7) donor phase, and time of extraction 30 min. Limits of quantification (LOQ) and detection (LOD) were 3.3 and 1.1 nmol L-1, respectively. The applicability of the developed method was verified on human urine, blood serum, and blood plasma with 20 and 100 nmol L-1 LCN addition. Keywords: Lercanidipine hydrochloride; Hollow fiber liquid-phase microextraction; Screenprinted boron-doped diamond electrode Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
A New Hollow Fiber-Based Liquid-Phase Microextraction Method for the Determination of Antihypertensive Drug Lercanidipine in Biological Samples

A new hollow fiber-based liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) method for the determination of antihypertensive drug lercandipine (LCN) in biological samples was developed. HF-LPME was\ncombined with ...

Labzova, O.; Hrdlička, Vojtěch; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2024

Microstructure modifications of Al-Si-coated press-hardened steel 22MnB5 by laser welding
Šebestová, Hana; Horník, Petr; Mika, Filip; Mikmeková, Šárka; Ambrož, Ondřej; Mrňa, Libor
2024 - English
Weld microstructure depends on the characteristics of welded materials and parameters of welding technology, especially on the heat input that determines the peak temperature and the cooling rate. When the coated sheets are welded, the effect of the chemical composition of the coating must be also considered even though its thickness is only a few tens of microns. During 22MnB5+AlSi laser welding experiments, the ferrite-stabilizing elements of coating modified the weld metal microstructure. Ferrite appeared in a quenched weld metal. The rapid cooling rate accompanying welding with a focused beam limited the homogenization of the weld metal which resulted in the formation of ferritic bands in the regions rich in Si and especially in Al. On the other hand, a high level of homogenization was reached when welding with the defocused beam. The ferritic islands uniformly distributed in the weld metal were formed at 0.4 wt% and 1.6 wt% of Si and Al, respectively. The doubled heat input reduced the Al content to 0.7 wt% insufficient for the ferrite formation at still relatively high cooling rates. Predicting the distribution of ferrite in the weld metal is challenging due to its dependence on various factors, such as cooling rate and the volume of dissolved coating, which may vary with any modifications made to the welding parameters. Keywords: laser welding; high-strength steel; microstructure; heat input; ferrite stabilization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Microstructure modifications of Al-Si-coated press-hardened steel 22MnB5 by laser welding

Weld microstructure depends on the characteristics of welded materials and parameters of welding technology, especially on the heat input that determines the peak temperature and the cooling rate. ...

Šebestová, Hana; Horník, Petr; Mika, Filip; Mikmeková, Šárka; Ambrož, Ondřej; Mrňa, Libor
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Influence of ball material on the resulting fatigue life of thermal sprayed HVOF coatings in dynamic impact testing
Duliškovič, J.; Daniel, Josef; Houdková, Š.
2024 - English
Dynamic impact wear, i.e. contact between two components in the presence of high cyclic local loads, is a challenging failure mode that occurs in many mechanical applications. Many previous studies have confirmed that dynamic impact testing is suitable for evaluating the contact fatigue of thermal sprayed coatings. However, the effect of the test parameters on the resulting lifetime is unclear. The aim of this study describes the effect of the ball material used in the dynamic impact test on the resulting fatigue life of the HVOF thermal sprayed coating. Three test balls made of WC/Co alloy, Si3N4 silicon nitride and 440 C steel were chosen for this study. Dynamic impaction testing was carried out on the Cr3C2-NiCr coating, which was sprayed by HVOF on a 1.2376 high-speed steel substrate. The impact lifetime was described by the number of critical impacts, i.e. the number of impacts before coating fatigue occurs. Furthermore, the depth and volume of impact craters were measured. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the surface of the impacts as well as the microstructure of the coating on the cross-section in the region of the impacts were observed. Furthermore, the mechanism of crack propagation in the coating and the microstructure of the indentor were investigated. Keywords: dynamic impact test; HVOF; Cr3C2-NiCr; fatigue Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Influence of ball material on the resulting fatigue life of thermal sprayed HVOF coatings in dynamic impact testing

Dynamic impact wear, i.e. contact between two components in the presence of high cyclic local loads, is a challenging failure mode that occurs in many mechanical applications. Many previous studies ...

Duliškovič, J.; Daniel, Josef; Houdková, Š.
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Functional Tungsten-based thin films and their characterization
Košelová, Zuzana; Horáková, L.; Sobola, Dinara; Burda, Daniel; Knápek, Alexandr; Fohlerová, Z.
2024 - English
Anodizing is a technique by which thin oxide layers can be formed on a surface. Thin oxide layers have been found to be useful in a variety of applications, including emitters of electrons. Tungsten is still a common choice for cold field emitters in commercial microscopy applications. Its suitable quality can be further improved by thin film deposition. Not only the emission characteristic can be improved, but also the emitter operating time can be extended. Tungsten oxide is known for its excellent resistance to corrosion and chemical attack due to its stable crystal structure and strong chemical bonds between tungsten and oxygen atoms. Many techniques with different advantages and disadvantages have been used for this purpose. Anodization was chosen for this work because of the controllable uniform coverage of the material and its easy availability without the need for expensive complex equipment. The anodizing process involves applying an electrical potential to tungsten while it is immersed in an electrolyte solution. This creates a thin layer of tungsten oxide on the surface of the metal. The thickness and properties of the resulting oxide layer can be controlled by adjusting the anodization conditions, such as the electrolyte solution, voltage, and the duration of the process. In this work, H3PO4 was used as the electrolyte to test whether these tungsten oxide layers would be useful for electron emitters, for use in electron guns and other devices that require high-quality electron emitters. The properties were evaluated using appropriate techniques. In general, anodization of tungsten to form thin layers of tungsten oxide layers is a promising technique for producing high quality electron emitters. Keywords: cold-field emission; thin layer deposition; tungsten oxide; resonance enhanced tunneling; anodization Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Functional Tungsten-based thin films and their characterization

Anodizing is a technique by which thin oxide layers can be formed on a surface. Thin oxide layers have been found to be useful in a variety of applications, including emitters of electrons. Tungsten ...

Košelová, Zuzana; Horáková, L.; Sobola, Dinara; Burda, Daniel; Knápek, Alexandr; Fohlerová, Z.
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2024

Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - IMPAKT 2023
Červenka, Jan; Vinopal, Jiří
2024 - Czech
Výzkumná zpráva s hlavními výsledky dotazníkových šetření provedených v rámci projektu „Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - příklad RMU a pandemie koronaviru v české společnosti“ v roce 2023. A research report with main outputs of the surveys conducted under the project „Parallels and Differences of Social Situations with Panic Potential - an example of RMU and a coronavir pandemic in Czech society“ in 2023. Keywords: social panic; radiation; citizen science Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - IMPAKT 2023

Výzkumná zpráva s hlavními výsledky dotazníkových šetření provedených v rámci projektu „Paralely a odlišnosti sociálních situací s panickým potenciálem - příklad RMU a pandemie koronaviru v české ...

Červenka, Jan; Vinopal, Jiří
Sociologický ústav, 2024

Vrt DO 599. Paleomagnetický a magnetomineralogický výzkum. Závěrečná zpráva
Kdýr, Šimon; Pruner, Petr; Uçar, Hakan; Elbra, Tiiu
2024 - Czech
Keywords: palaeomagnetism; rock-magnetism; greigite Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Vrt DO 599. Paleomagnetický a magnetomineralogický výzkum. Závěrečná zpráva

Kdýr, Šimon; Pruner, Petr; Uçar, Hakan; Elbra, Tiiu
Geologický ústav, 2024

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