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Genderové aspekty odpovědnosti chránit: případ Machsom Watch v Izraeli
Sharma, Shreya; Karásek, Tomáš; Kocmanová, Markéta
2021 - English
Exploring the question of 'where are the women', this study undertakes a narrative thematic analysis of data collected from interviews and field visits with a grassroot women's organization called Machsom Watch in Israel. This study questions the missing link between Women, Peace and Security Agenda and the Responsibility to Protect, which both have defining themes of participation and prevention. Grounded in Feminist Security Studies and the activities and roles of the women of Machsom Watch are investigated. Keywords: Gender Responsibility to ProtectWomen Peace and Security Feminist Security StudiesMachsom Watch Israel-Palestine; Gender Responsibility to ProtectWomen Peace and Security Feminist Security StudiesMachsom Watch Israel-Palestine Available in a digital repository NRGL
Genderové aspekty odpovědnosti chránit: případ Machsom Watch v Izraeli

Exploring the question of 'where are the women', this study undertakes a narrative thematic analysis of data collected from interviews and field visits with a grassroot women's organization called ...

Sharma, Shreya; Karásek, Tomáš; Kocmanová, Markéta
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Americká rasová realita: syntéza kritické teorie rasy a mezinárodních bezpečnostních studíí
Kuttu, Leah Gideon; Vostal, Filip; Střítecký, Vít
2021 - English
Human Security and Police Brutality via the Lens of Critical Race Theory Leah Gideon Kuttu 47472109 'Equality' and 'dignity of persons' are common language in the legal lingo on rights and freedoms of all men. However there seems to exist, a large magnitude in discrepancy with the actuality of these ideals in the way that all people are treated, particularly in this work, in the American society. The death of George Floyd was momentous in refocusing light on the issue of police brutality and seemingly, institutionalized racism in America. That one post showing how Floyd was killed by Police, showed just how much Black America was treated in contrast to the stipulated rights for all persons noted in America's legal apparatus. There began for international security a marked turning point in the pivot with the human being- as opposed to the state- becoming the core object for security and protection. This new turn is pointed to the 1990s in the aftermath of the Cold war. Human-centric occupations in security connote that threats to international security begin with the individual and so the individual must first be prioritized when assessing threats to security in the state and the international system. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR, 1948) is the foremost pillar on which human security is... Keywords: Race; racial profiling; critical race theory; human rights and dignity; police brutality; securitization; black people; human security Available in a digital repository NRGL
Americká rasová realita: syntéza kritické teorie rasy a mezinárodních bezpečnostních studíí

Human Security and Police Brutality via the Lens of Critical Race Theory Leah Gideon Kuttu 47472109 'Equality' and 'dignity of persons' are common language in the legal lingo on rights and freedoms of ...

Kuttu, Leah Gideon; Vostal, Filip; Střítecký, Vít
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Jaký je strategický dopad čínských A2/AD schopností na ofensivní/defensivní potenciál ve východní Asii? Komparativní případová studie USA a Japonska
Oldemeier, Niels; Kučera, Tomáš; Urbancová, Kateřina
2021 - English
iv ABSTRACT Over the last four decades, the People's Republic of China has modernized its armed forces and acquired the world's largest and most diverse missile arsenal. In light of Beijing's vague yet increasingly assertive stance in the region, China's A2/AD capabilities have sparked a discussion about their offensive potential and threat to the region's stability. This thesis has conducted a qualitative strategic impact of Chinese anti-access and area-denial capabilities on the offence-defence balance in East Asia. Applying Biddle's revised offence-defence theory, this thesis investigated and compared the Sino-American and Sino-Japanese balances. The analyses found that Chinese A2/AD capabilities do not have a uniform impact on the offence-defence balance in the region. Despite its offensive potential, Chinese A2/AD does not provide an effective, sustainable counter to Japan's deep, reserve-oriented force employment strategy. Even though China fields the world's largest fleet, it does not field enough principal surface ships to exploit a temporary offensive advantage. As such, any Chinese attempt to claim the Senkakus would result in a Chinese naval overstretch and create a mutually contested no man's land in the East China Sea. As for the Sino- American balance, Chinese A2/AD creates an... Keywords: A2; AD; Čína; USA; Japonsko; Offence-Defence Balance; východní Asie; strategie; A2; AD; China; United States; Japan; Offence-Defence Balance; East Asia; Strategy Available in a digital repository NRGL
Jaký je strategický dopad čínských A2/AD schopností na ofensivní/defensivní potenciál ve východní Asii? Komparativní případová studie USA a Japonska

iv ABSTRACT Over the last four decades, the People's Republic of China has modernized its armed forces and acquired the world's largest and most diverse missile arsenal. In light of Beijing's vague ...

Oldemeier, Niels; Kučera, Tomáš; Urbancová, Kateřina
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Příprava polymerních materiálů v mikrovlnném poli
Bujok, Sonia; Beneš, Hynek; Brožek, Jiří; Duchet-Rumeau, Jannick
2021 - English
Bearing in mind environmental concerns and global trends in ecology, biodegradable polyesters have gained enormous attention as alternative to non-biodegradable, commercial polymers used mainly in packaging industry contributing to the worldwide environment pollution. However, substitution of conventional polymers with biodegradable polyesters is limited due to their inferior mechanical and barrier properties, which can be improved by the introduction of relatively small content of non-toxic nanofillers. Nevertheless, environmental pollution is not only affected by material itself, but also manufacturing and processing sector in terms of energy sustainability. In case of the latter, low energetic processes are nowadays preferential. Thus, using microwave irradiation as the more efficient energy source, which can lead to shortening of process time, has become currently investigated subject. In this thesis, microwave-assisted in-situ synthesis of biodegradable nanocomposites based on polycaprolactone and non-toxic clay nanoparticles (layered double hydroxides) was studied and described in detail in four subsections (4.1-4.4). The first subsection (4.1) describes one-pot synthesis of Mg2+ /Al3+ layered double hydroxides functionalized with highly microwave-absorbing ionic liquids. In order to improve... Vzhledem k současným celosvětovým snahám o snížení plastového znečištění životního prostředí, se biologicky odbouratelné polyestery dostávají do popředí zájmu jako alternativní materiály ke konvenčním (komerčním) polymerům, které mohou nacházet uplatnění např. v obalovém průmyslu. Značným omezením biologicky rozložitelných (především alifatických) polyesterů jsou jejich horší mechanické a bariérové vlastnosti, které lze však do určité míry vylepšit přídavkem relativně malého množství netoxických nanoplniv. Životní prostředí však není zatíženo pouze materiálem samotným, svou roli sehrává i energetická náročnost vlastního výrobního procesu a zpracovatelských postupů. V poslední době proto dochází k výraznému příklonu k nízkoenergetickým procesům. Využití mikrovlnného záření jako účinného zdroje energie, který může vést k výraznému zkrácení procesních časů, je tak v současné době předmětem intenzivního výzkumu. V této disertační práci je ve čtyřech kapitolách (4.1-4.4) podrobně studována a popsána in-situ mikrovlnná syntéza biologicky odbouratelných nanokompozitů na bázi polykaprolaktonu a netoxických jílových nanočástic (vrstevnatých podvojných hydroxidů). První kapitola (4.1) popisuje jednokrokovou syntézu vrstevnatých podvojných hydroxidů na bázi Mg2+ /Al3+ funkcionalizovaných iontovými kapalinami,... Keywords: in-situ polymerizace; dielektrický ohřev; mikrovlny; polymerace za otevření kruhu; in-situ polymerization; dielectric heating; microwaves; ring opening polymerization Available in a digital repository NRGL
Příprava polymerních materiálů v mikrovlnném poli

Bearing in mind environmental concerns and global trends in ecology, biodegradable polyesters have gained enormous attention as alternative to non-biodegradable, commercial polymers used mainly in ...

Bujok, Sonia; Beneš, Hynek; Brožek, Jiří; Duchet-Rumeau, Jannick
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Ruské války na Ukrajině a v Gruzii: Souběžná případová studie volby Ruska zapojit se do krize na Ukrajině v roce 2014 a rusko-gruzínské války v roce 2008
Neppel, David; Tesař, Jakub; Ludvík, Jan
2021 - English
for Diploma Thesis "Russia's Wars in the Ukraine and Georgia: A parallel case study of Russia's choice to engage in the 2014 Ukraine Crisis and 2008 Russo-Georgian War" David Neppel Prague 27.07.2021 The present diploma thesis examines the reasons for the Russian Federation's military action in the 2014 Ukraine crisis and the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. The scope of research is focused on the various actors that held a stake prior to the conflicts and how these conditions in the international arena influenced Russian decision making. In this capacity, the thesis seeks to provide a comprehensive overview of the involved actors' positions and ambitions and how these impacted the eventual unfolding of events. The method chosen to conduct this work is an expected utility approach. A spatial model will be constructed in which all the information about players' preferences and acceptable outcomes is represented visually. Then an analysis will be concluded that seeks to find overlaps/discrepancies between actors' positions and will eventually determine the failure of negotiations. Available in a digital repository NRGL
Ruské války na Ukrajině a v Gruzii: Souběžná případová studie volby Ruska zapojit se do krize na Ukrajině v roce 2014 a rusko-gruzínské války v roce 2008

for Diploma Thesis "Russia's Wars in the Ukraine and Georgia: A parallel case study of Russia's choice to engage in the 2014 Ukraine Crisis and 2008 Russo-Georgian War" David Neppel Prague 27.07.2021 ...

Neppel, David; Tesař, Jakub; Ludvík, Jan
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Bezpečnostní záležitosti: Snaha Norska vyvážit hrozbu nadnárodní kriminality v globalizovaném světě
Ramberg, Marte Skaatan; Střítecký, Vít; Špelda, Petr
2021 - English
A comparative study of Norway and Scotland's effort to address and counter the threat of organized crime in a globalized world. Marte Skaatan Ramberg The concept of organized crime is a rather "fussy", with over two hundred definitions to its name. This master thesis aims to debate the concept of organized crime and utilizing the concept for an investigating look at Norway and Scotland`s effort to cut and combat the effect of organized crime. Whilst tackling the ambiguity of organized crime the thesis also share some light on the security aspect of organized crime for the state and for the individual, using the framework of human security and traditional state-centric approach when evaluating the impact of organized crime. Different polices and laws shared between Norway and Scotland along with their objectives is also discussed all centered around the research questions - How does Norway approach and counter the threat of organized crime compared to Scotland? - What are the successes and failures with these strategies? Keywords: Norway; Scotland; organized crime; serious organized crime; state-centric; human security; laws and policies; Norway; Scotland; organized crime; serious organized crime; state-centric; human security; laws and policies Available in a digital repository NRGL
Bezpečnostní záležitosti: Snaha Norska vyvážit hrozbu nadnárodní kriminality v globalizovaném světě

A comparative study of Norway and Scotland's effort to address and counter the threat of organized crime in a globalized world. Marte Skaatan Ramberg The concept of organized crime is a rather ...

Ramberg, Marte Skaatan; Střítecký, Vít; Špelda, Petr
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Understanding Hybrid Warfare Constructivism and Ontological (in)Security
Ostreni, Bruss; Střítecký, Vít; Ludvík, Jan
2021 - English
This thesis aim is to investigate the propagation of the term 'Hybrid Warfare' in world politics, more specifically on NATO's discourses and official texts. Granted the argument that the term is unable to convey a concrete strategic doctrine or strategy due to its lack of conceptual fecundity, we argue that nonetheless, the usage of the term serves NATO as an Ontological Security exercise. The reasoning behind this argument is that Hybrid Threats (or war) have the capacity to make NATO ontologically (in)secure due to the latter's inability to respond efficiently. Thus, disrupting the alliance strategy of 'being' - that is a collective defense alliance in charge of security of all members via the Article V of the treaty - and at the same time its strategy of 'doing' which is the ability of the alliance to provide a peaceful and safe Euro-Atlantic region, inside and out. Following our attempted bridging on Hybrid War and NATO's Ontological Security, we then proceed to explicate policy changes influenced by the former. In order to do so, we chose to employ a three- layered model created by Jakub Eberle and Vladimir Handl which conceptualizes Ontological Security through narratives about the self, the other, and the overall international system. The argument is that when actors are threatened by a... Keywords: hybridní válka; kontsruktivismus; ontologická bezpečnost; hybrid warfare; constructivism; ontological security Available in a digital repository NRGL
Understanding Hybrid Warfare Constructivism and Ontological (in)Security

This thesis aim is to investigate the propagation of the term 'Hybrid Warfare' in world politics, more specifically on NATO's discourses and official texts. Granted the argument that the term is ...

Ostreni, Bruss; Střítecký, Vít; Ludvík, Jan
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Programy EU pro boj proti násilnému extremismu: Zkoumání rozdílů mezi teorií a praxí
Kaishauri, Giorgi; Kocmanová, Markéta; Střítecký, Vít
2021 - English
Author: Giorgi Kaishauri Study programme: International Security Studies Master's thesis: EU-wide CVE Programs: Exploring the Gap between Theory and Practice Abstract The aim of this research was to determine congruence between the EU-initiated P/CVE program, CT MORSE, and prominent theoretical and empirical insights present in the academic literature on P/CVE. This research presents an exploratory qualitative study which employs a deductive approach to explore a potential gap between counter-radicalization theory and counter- radicalization practice as observed in a major EU project. The data collected and analyzed in this research suggests a partial correlation between academic insights and project's activities. Three out of eight determinants of effective P/CVE strategy discussed in the literature - community engagement, community resilience, and the role of women, are fully accounted for by the project, while the other three - dialogue, identity formation, and personnel expertise are partially present in the form of their constituting elements. Individual resilience and inclusion of former radicals receive neither implicit, nor explicit focus in the project's undertakings across the globe. Moreover, the data suggests that existing congruence is not completely arbitrary, however, a substantially deeper... Keywords: Radicalization; Violent Extremism (VE); Preventing; Countering Violent Extremism (P; CVE); P; CVE Policy; P; CVE Project(s); P; CVE Program(s) Available in a digital repository NRGL
Programy EU pro boj proti násilnému extremismu: Zkoumání rozdílů mezi teorií a praxí

Author: Giorgi Kaishauri Study programme: International Security Studies Master's thesis: EU-wide CVE Programs: Exploring the Gap between Theory and Practice Abstract The aim of this research was to ...

Kaishauri, Giorgi; Kocmanová, Markéta; Střítecký, Vít
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Bezpečnost 5G - Případová studie sekuritizace švédských 5G sítí
Ekfeldt, Therese; Erkomashvili, David; Špelda, Petr
2021 - English
Over the last couple of years, the world has witnessed an intensifying competition over 5G networks, triggered to a large extent but not exclusively by the geopolitical rivalry between the United States and China. To the backdrop of allegations that the Chinese government could force Chinese telecom company Huawei and ZTE to spy, sabotage or take other action's on Beijing's behalf, Washington ordered prompt restrictions on products from Huawei and pressured its allies to do the same. From a European perspective, Sweden stood out early as a country with a strong stance on 5G security by outright banning Chinese telecom providers Huawei and ZTE from taking part in Sweden's 5G frequency auction. This thesis seeks to understand how the securitising process of Sweden's 5G networks was initiated and evolved, through a comparative case study of the four main securitising actors' official discourses. Derived from previous studies on cybersecurity and securitisation, this thesis constructed an analytical framework tailored for the securitisation of 5G networks. The thesis is carried out as an idea analysis, looking for articulated threats pertaining to three distinct threat dimensions: 'network security', 'data and information protection' and 'China's assertiveness'. The analysis showed that all four... Keywords: securitisation; 5G; Sweden; network security; data and information protection; China; Huawei Available in a digital repository NRGL
Bezpečnost 5G - Případová studie sekuritizace švédských 5G sítí

Over the last couple of years, the world has witnessed an intensifying competition over 5G networks, triggered to a large extent but not exclusively by the geopolitical rivalry between the United ...

Ekfeldt, Therese; Erkomashvili, David; Špelda, Petr
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

Úloha kmenových a progenitorových buněk v regeneraci krvetvorné tkáně
Faltusová, Kateřina; Nečas, Emanuel; Hofer, Michal; Filipp, Dominik
2021 - English
Tissue regeneration is a complex and highly orchestrated process dependent on cells with the potential to restore structures and functions and on controlling factors from the tissue microenvironment. Hematopoietic tissue has a high ability to regenerate, which is attributed to the presence of stem cells, but the regeneration of severely damaged adult tissue is still only partially understood. Hematopoietic tissue provides a unique opportunity to study tissue regeneration due to its well-established steady- state structure and function, easy accessibility, advanced research methods, and well-defined embryonic, fetal, and adult stages of development. Embryonic/fetal liver hematopoiesis and adult hematopoiesis recovering from damage share the needto expand populations of progenitors and stem cells in parallel with increasing production of mature blood cells. We analyzed adult hematopoiesis in mice subjected to a submyeloablative dose (6 Gy) of gamma radiation, in which only a few cells with reconstituting capacity survived. We targeted the period of regeneration characterized by the renewed massive production of mature blood cells and the ongoing expansion of immature hematopoietic cells. Cells from the top of the hematopoietic hierarchy, hematopoietic stem cells, and multipotent progenitors are almost missing... Regenerace tkáně je komplexní řízený proces závislý na buňkách s potenciálem obnovit buněčnou stavbu tkáně a její funkci, jakož i na řídících faktorech z tkáňového mikroprostředí. Krvetvorná tkáň má velkou schopnost regenerace, která je přičítána přítomnosti kmenových buněk. Regenerace silně poškozené dospělé krvetvorné tkáně je však prozkoumána jen částečně, a důraz na klíčovou úlohu kmenových buněk může zastírat poznání jiných významných mechanismů regenerace. Krvetvorná tkáň přitom poskytuje unikátní možnost poznání tkáňové regenerace díky její známé buněčné hierarchii, existenci pokročilých výzkumných metod včetně možnosti její transplantace, a také dobře definovaným embryonálním, fetálním a dospělým vývojovým fázím. Embryonální/fetální krvetvorba a regenerující dospělá krvetvorba spolu sdílejí potřebu zvyšování populací progenitorových a kmenových buněk při současné potřebě stálého zvyšování tvorby zralých krevních buněk. Analyzovali jsme dospělou krvetvornou tkáň myší po jejím submyeloablativním poškození ionizujícím zářením (6 Gy). Použitou dávku celotělového záření přežije jen velmi málo buněk s kapacitou rekonstituce (regenerace) hematopoezy. Zaměřili jsme se na období intenzivní regenerace charakterizované obnovenou masivní produkcí zralých krevních buněk a souběžnou expanzí nezralých krvetvorných... Keywords: krvetvorba; regenerace; transplantace; kmenová buňka; progenitorová buňka; ionizující záření; hematopoiesis; regeneration; transplantation; stem cells; progenitor cells; ionizing radiation Available in a digital repository NRGL
Úloha kmenových a progenitorových buněk v regeneraci krvetvorné tkáně

Tissue regeneration is a complex and highly orchestrated process dependent on cells with the potential to restore structures and functions and on controlling factors from the tissue microenvironment. ...

Faltusová, Kateřina; Nečas, Emanuel; Hofer, Michal; Filipp, Dominik
Univerzita Karlova, 2021

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