**11**

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**Negotiating municipalities-industrial factory wastewater treatment coalition project: an economic laboratory experiment**

Šauer, Petr; Kolínský, Ondřej; Prášek, Jan

2019 - English
It is often the case that municipalities and industrial plants treat their wastewater separately bringing the municipalities wastewater to be treated at the industrial wastewater treatment plant and reused by the plant creates potential for social costs saving for both the municipalities and the private firm. In an economic laboratory experiment we demonstrate that such voluntary agreement could be achieved even despite the presence of information asymmetry. This follows our previous research on win-win voluntary agreements and the role of information asymmetry. The biggest challenge remaining to be addressed is the distribution of the extra cake, which in our results is mostly seized by the private firm.
Keywords:
*cost-effectiveness; negotiated environmental agreement; wastewater management*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
Negotiating municipalities-industrial factory wastewater treatment coalition project: an economic laboratory experiment

It is often the case that municipalities and industrial plants treat their wastewater separately bringing the municipalities wastewater to be treated at the industrial wastewater treatment plant and ...

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**Private subject in wastewater treatment regional coalition project: the case of chemical industry factory**

Prášek, Jan; Šauer, Petr

2018 - English
This paper presents a case study covering the solution to treatment of municipal wastewater originating from small villages located close to each other in a protected landscape area. A high environmental efficiency of treatment is required. Two scenarios of the technical solution are compared. In the first scenario, separate wastewater treatment plants will be built and operated in each of the villages. In the second one, sewerage networks will be built in each village and wastewater will be collected and treated in a wastewater treatment plant of a chemical factory located down the stream; the factory is planning to reconstruct and modernise its wastewater treatment plant. Analyses have shown that the second scenario is environmentally beneficial – ensuring high water quality in watercourses in the protected area, using purified water for industrial purposes primarily, and replenish the water balance and flows in dry periods. The second scenario also appears to be beneficial from a socio-economic point of view. Cost savings, appearing mostly at the side of the factory, creates space for negotiation and an agreement between these entities. The factory image will also improve if implementing the second scenario.
Keywords:
*cost-effectiveness; public-private collaboration; industrial water pollution; common wastewater treatment plants*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
Private subject in wastewater treatment regional coalition project: the case of chemical industry factory

This paper presents a case study covering the solution to treatment of municipal wastewater originating from small villages located close to each other in a protected landscape area. A high ...

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**A new observational axiomatization of quantum mechanics, the inconsistency of the ontic model of quantum mechanics and the end of the quantum non-locality**

Souček, Jiří

2017 - English
In this paper we describe a new axiomatization of quantum mechanics (QM) in which we replace the concept of the measurement by the concept of the observation. We shall describe and discuss this axiomatization in details. We show that new axioms are clear and evident and based on the common sense. Our approach is based on the idea of the observation of the individual state of the individual measuring system. We distinguish two concepts of a state: the individual state of the individual measuring system and the state of an ensemble of systems. Then we prove that the ontic model of QM (where the wave function describes the state of the individual system) is inconsistent. This is our main result. It implies that the "standard von Neumann's text-book QM" is inconsistent. This implies the necessity to consider "non-realistic" models for QM. Moreover we show that the proofs of Bell's theorem and of quantum nonlocality are not valid in these "nonrealistic" models for QM. This implies that there is no valid proof of the quantum nonlocality. V tomto článku popisujeme novou axiomatizaci kvantové mechaniky (QM) ve které vyměňujeme pojem měření pojmem pozorování. Diskutujeme a popisujeme tuto axiomatizaci ve všech detailech. Ukazujeme, že nové axiomy jsou jasné a evidentní a založen na zdravém rozumu. Náš přístup je založen na ideji pozorování individuálního stavu individuálního měřícího systému. Rozlišujeme dva pojmy stavu: individuální stav individuálního měřícího systému a stav ensemblu systémů. Dokazujeme, že ontický model QM (kde vlnová funkce popisuje stav individuálního systému) je nekonzistentní. To je náš hlavní výsledek. Implikuje, že "standardní von Neumannova učebnicová QM" je nekonzistentní. To implikuje nutnost uvažovat "nerealistické" modely pro QM. Navíc ukazujeme, že důkazy Bellovy věty a kvantové nelokality jsou neplatné v těchto "nerealistických" modelech pro QM. To způsobuje, že neexistuje platný důkaz kvantové nelokality.
Keywords:
*kvantová mechanika; axiomatická teorie systémů; ontologie*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
A new observational axiomatization of quantum mechanics, the inconsistency of the ontic model of quantum mechanics and the end of the quantum non-locality

In this paper we describe a new axiomatization of quantum mechanics (QM) in which we replace the concept of the measurement by the concept of the observation. We shall describe and discuss this ...

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**The hybrid-epistemic model of quantum mechanics and the possible solution to the measurement problem**

Souček, Jiří

2017 - English
In this study we introduce and describe in details the hybrid-epistemic model for quantum mechanics. The main differences with respect to the standard model are following: (1) the measurement process is considered as an internal process inside quantum mechanics, i.e. it does not make a part of axioms and (2) the process of the observation of the state of the individual measuring system is introduced into axioms. The intrinsic measurement process is described in two variants (simplified and generalized). Our model contains hybrid, epistemic and hybrid-epistemic systems. Each hybrid system contains a unique orthogonal base composed from homogeneous (i.e. ontic) states. We show that in our model the measurement problem is consistently solvable. Our model represents the rational compromise between the Bohr’s view (the ontic model) and the Einstein’s view (the epistemic model).
Keywords:
*Bohr; Einstein; kvantová mechanika; ontologie; axiomatická teorie systémů; gnozeologie*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
The hybrid-epistemic model of quantum mechanics and the possible solution to the measurement problem

In this study we introduce and describe in details the hybrid-epistemic model for quantum mechanics. The main differences with respect to the standard model are following: (1) the measurement process ...

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**The particle model for the Higgs’ condensate and the anomalous geometrical diffraction**

Souček, Jiří

2017 - English
In this paper we propose a particle model for the Higgs’ condensate: we propose that this condensate is the set of (infinite velocity) non-local tachyons. We show that then there exists the anomalous geometrical diffraction (which contradicts to quantum mechanics). We show that there exists a universal time constant which defines the limits of the validity of quantum mechanics. We propose an experiment testing the existence of the anomalous geometrical diffraction. We proposed the dark energy conjecture which enables to make an estimate of the time constant. We assume certain (“Feynman”) interaction between standard particle and the nonlocal tachyon. All this is related to the new (finite) form of the Feynman integral.
Keywords:
*dark energy; geometrie; kvantová mechanika*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
The particle model for the Higgs’ condensate and the anomalous geometrical diffraction

In this paper we propose a particle model for the Higgs’ condensate: we propose that this condensate is the set of (infinite velocity) non-local tachyons. We show that then there exists the anomalous ...

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**New Axiomatization of Quantum Mechanics**

Souček, Jiří

2017 - English
In this paper we describe a new (complete) axiomatization of quantum mechanics (QM) in which we add axioms describing the concept of an observation. We show that new axioms are clear and evident and based on common sense. Our approach is based on the idea of the observation of properties of an individual measuring system. We distinguish two concepts of a state: the properties of an individual measuring system and the state of an ensemble of systems. Then we prove that the ontic model of QM is inconsistent. This is our main result. This implies the necessity to consider “non-realistic” models for QM in which it is not true that each wave-function describes a possible state of an individual system. Our axiomatization is based on the postulate of the existence of definite outputs of an experiment. Thus the evident reality of the existence of definite outputs implies that our axiomatization is true and verifiable.
Keywords:
*kvantová mechanika; axiomatická teorie systémů; ontologie*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
New Axiomatization of Quantum Mechanics

In this paper we describe a new (complete) axiomatization of quantum mechanics (QM) in which we add axioms describing the concept of an observation. We show that new axioms are clear and evident and ...

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**The proof that Bell’s theorem is scientifically unfounded**

Souček, Jiří

2016 - English
We prove that the Bell’s theorem and the nonlocality of quantum mechanics are scientifically unfounded statements.
Keywords:
*Bellova věta; Bell’s theorem; kvantová mechanika; kvantová fyzika; metafyzika*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
The proof that Bell’s theorem is scientifically unfounded

We prove that the Bell’s theorem and the nonlocality of quantum mechanics are scientifically unfounded statements.

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**Problem with no-clean flux spattering on in-circuit testing pads diagnosed by EDS analysis**

Dušek, Karel; Bušek, D.

2016 - English
Surface Mount Technology (SMT) assembly often faces the issue of residues on In Circuit Testing (ICT) pads.
These residues may have non-conductive character and therefore in-circuit test may mark tested product as
failed though they would have worked normally. Since it is not possible to export such marked products, the
total production quality decreases. In thiswork,we analyze the realmanufacturing problemusing Energy Dispersive
Spectroscopy (EDS) analysis of the stains with the aim to find the possible source of residues that appear on
the testing pads during the mass electronic assembly or during Printed Circuit Board (PCB) production. Analysis
of potential source of residues together with its diagnostic and confirmation of its source is presented in this
work.
Keywords:
*Assembly manufacturing; Flux spattering; In-circuit test; Reliability; Scanning electron microscopy; Soldering*
Available at various departments of the ČVUT.
Problem with no-clean flux spattering on in-circuit testing pads diagnosed by EDS analysis

Surface Mount Technology (SMT) assembly often faces the issue of residues on In Circuit Testing (ICT) pads. These residues may have non-conductive character and therefore in-circuit test may mark ...

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**The locality of the modified Quantum Mechanics**

Souček, Jiří

2015 - English
In this note we shall show the relation between the locality of Quantum Mechanics and the meaning of the quantum state.
Keywords:
*Bell's inequality experiments; kvantová mechanika; ontologie; kvantová fyzika*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
The locality of the modified Quantum Mechanics

In this note we shall show the relation between the locality of Quantum Mechanics and the meaning of the quantum state.

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**The restoration of locality**

Souček, Jiří

2015 - English
From the dichotomy "nonlocality vs non-realism" which is the consequence of Bell Inequalities (BI) we shall choose the non-realism. We shall present here the modified Quantum Mechanics (modQM) in the axiomatic form. ModQM was introduced in [5] and we shall show its non-realism in the description of an internal measurement process. ModQM allows the restoration of locality, since BI cannot be derived in it. In modQM it is possible to solve: the measurement problem, the collapse problem, the problem of a local model for EPR correlations (see[5]). ModQM is a unique explicit realization of non-realism in QM. ModQM should be preferred as an alternative to the standard QM mainly since it restores the locality.
Keywords:
*Bell's inequality experiments; kvantová mechanika; ontologie; axiomatická teorie systémů*
Available in a digital repository NRGL
The restoration of locality

From the dichotomy "nonlocality vs non-realism" which is the consequence of Bell Inequalities (BI) we shall choose the non-realism. We shall present here the modified Quantum Mechanics (modQM) in the ...

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