Number of found documents: 23681
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Computational and experimental assessment of natural frequencies in a bladed disk system
Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Maturkanič, Dušan; Voronova, Evgeniya; Hodboď, Robert
2024 - English
This paper examines the modal characteristics of a bladed disk in rotating machinery systems using a combination of analytical and experimental modal analysis methods. The analysis involves measuring natural frequencies and mode shapes under different operational conditions. A comparative analysis is conducted to assess modal properties obtained from both analytical and experimental approaches, while also considering the influence of rotation speed. Additionally, Finite Element Method (FEM) outputs are used to accurately position the strain gauge. Integrating these techniques provides a comprehensive understanding of the bladed disk's behaviour under varying rotational speeds, enhancing result accuracy and facilitating thorough investigation within rotating machinery systems. Keywords: natural frequencies; FEM; LDV; strain gauge Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Computational and experimental assessment of natural frequencies in a bladed disk system

This paper examines the modal characteristics of a bladed disk in rotating machinery systems using a combination of analytical and experimental modal analysis methods. The analysis involves measuring ...

Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Maturkanič, Dušan; Voronova, Evgeniya; Hodboď, Robert
Ústav termomechaniky, 2024

Flow simulations approach for flocculation tanks
Idžakovičová, Kristýna; Bílek, V.; Haidl, J.; Isoz, Martin; Pivokonský, M.
2024 - English
Flocculation in water treatment facilities plays a key role in the separation of colloidal inorganic and organic substances. Its optimization leads to a significant increase in its efficiency and savings of operational costs. However, it is currently based on trial-and-error experimental approaches. In this contribution, we focus on flow modeling in stirred flocculation tanks that would, after coupling with a calibrated model of particle aggregation, enable simulationbased flocculation optimization. Despite the abundance of literature on stirred tank modeling, there is no universal agreement on the methodology used to describe turbulence nor on the approach to the computational mesh creation. Consequently, there is no unified methodology for simulations and their validation. To address this, we present a best-practice methodology for economical, yet reliable flow simulations in the said device. This methodology includes the choice of the turbulence model, the approach to the design of a high quality mesh suitable for arbitrary geometries, and results evaluation. It is developed based on an extensive literature review, a multitude of flow simulations using several meshes of progressively higher quality and resolution, and various strategies to converge to steady-state flow conditions. The simulation quality indicators used here involve comparison with the experimental data on fluid velocity, stirrer power output, and flow rate through the impeller zone. Additionally, the resulting flow simulation models are compared using tracer transport simulations, hinting at their potential for coupling with particle aggregation models. Keywords: flocculation tank; stirring; MRF; CFD; OpenFOAM Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Flow simulations approach for flocculation tanks

Flocculation in water treatment facilities plays a key role in the separation of colloidal inorganic and organic substances. Its optimization leads to a significant increase in its efficiency and ...

Idžakovičová, Kristýna; Bílek, V.; Haidl, J.; Isoz, Martin; Pivokonský, M.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2024

Improvement of an unbaffled stirred tank mixing characteristics using variable speed impeller
Gebouský, Ondřej; Haidl, Jan; Bodnár, J.; Pivokonský, Martin
2024 - English
Unbaffled mixing tanks with magnetically driven impellers are increasingly used in biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries, combining the benefits of a closed, sterile environment with easy equipment cleanability. On the other hand, missing internals, such as baffles or cooling coils, have an adverse effect on the equipment mixing characteristics, namely the batch\nhomogenization time. In our previous research, we uncovered that the eccentricity and inclination of the impeller – both employed routinely to enhance the mixing characteristics of unbaffled vessels – are not fully effective in the suppression of central vortex formation resulting in the increase in the homogenization time. In this work, we propose a simple solution to counteract the central vortex formation – a periodical variation of impeller rotational speed. This approach destabilizes the central vortex, significantly reducing homogenization time while maintaining the benefits of the original unbaffled setup. This innovation can seamlessly integrate into existing industrial setups, promising efficiency gains for biotech and pharmaceutical production. Keywords: unbaffled mixing tanks; variable rotational speed; vortex destabilization; mixing time improvement Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Improvement of an unbaffled stirred tank mixing characteristics using variable speed impeller

Unbaffled mixing tanks with magnetically driven impellers are increasingly used in biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries, combining the benefits of a closed, sterile environment with easy ...

Gebouský, Ondřej; Haidl, Jan; Bodnár, J.; Pivokonský, Martin
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2024

Applying a two degree of freedom model for drive-by identification
Bayer, Jan
2024 - English
A new concept of drive-by identification is examined applying the analogy with a Two Degree Of Freedom (DOF) system where the bridge is considered the ground-supported spring-mass and the moving spring-mass the second DOF. The response of the moving spring-mass is simulated on a bridge model using different road profiles and compared to parameters of the corresponding two DOF system. The focus is the spectral shift that can be observed on the moving spring-mass during its passage along the bridge and could possibly be applied for drive-by identification. The accuracy mainly depends on the relation of the moving spring-mass to the bridge mass and the relation between the natural frequency of the spring-mass and those of the bridge. The simulations showed that road profile can significantly reduce the accuracy of identified results, which imposes limits on practical applications. Keywords: drive-by identification; structural health monitoring; finite element analysis; road roughness; two DOF system Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Applying a two degree of freedom model for drive-by identification

A new concept of drive-by identification is examined applying the analogy with a Two Degree Of Freedom (DOF) system where the bridge is considered the ground-supported spring-mass and the moving ...

Bayer, Jan
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2024

Solution methods for an aeroelastic problem with combined harmonic and stochastic excitation
Fischer, Cyril; Náprstek, Jiří
2024 - English
Assessing responses in slender engineering structures facing both deterministic harmonic and stochastic excitation is often based on an approximation by the single-degree-of-freedom van der Pol-type nonlinear model. Determining the response probability density function involves solving the Fokker-Planck equation, which is generally a challenging task. Hence, semi-analytical and numerical methods come into play. This contribution reviews several possible techniques and spotlights the exponential-polynomial-closure method. The shown results are limited, as the paper reflects an early stage of the relevant research direction. Keywords: Fokker-Planck equation; stochastic averaging; numerical solution; Galerkin approximation; van der Pol-type oscillator; partial amplitudes; exponential-polynomial-closure method Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Solution methods for an aeroelastic problem with combined harmonic and stochastic excitation

Assessing responses in slender engineering structures facing both deterministic harmonic and stochastic excitation is often based on an approximation by the single-degree-of-freedom van der Pol-type ...

Fischer, Cyril; Náprstek, Jiří
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2024

Galloping of insulated bundled overhead line simplified analysis
Hračov, Stanislav; Macháček, Michael
2024 - English
Our paper provides an analysis of the susceptibility of a particular bundled overhead line to galloping. It presents a case study of an aerial bundled cable, consisting of four conductors insulated by polyethylene, and used for low-voltage power lines. The susceptibility to loss of stability is analyzed for cable without and with simulated icing observed on similar real conductors. In the first case, the proneness to galloping was excluded based on the results of CFD simulation and the Den Hartog criterion. In latter case, the possible occurrence of galloping was confirmed. The critical wind velocity for the ice-covered cable was calculated utilizing quasi-steady theory. Finally, the amplitudes of limit cycle oscillation for supercritical wind speeds were estimated based on simplified numerical analysis. Keywords: aerial bundled cable; wind effects; galloping; limit cycle oscillation Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Galloping of insulated bundled overhead line simplified analysis

Our paper provides an analysis of the susceptibility of a particular bundled overhead line to galloping. It presents a case study of an aerial bundled cable, consisting of four conductors insulated by ...

Hračov, Stanislav; Macháček, Michael
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2024

LES simulations of airflow around rectangle with side ratio 2:1 and their comparison with experiments
Ledvinková, Blanka; Hračov, Stanislav; Macháček, Michael
2024 - English
Our contribution is focused on the comparison of the experimental investigations and of the numerical 3D LES simulations of the airflow around sharply edged rectangle with side ratio 2:1. The rectangle object was exposed to the airflow having a given velocity at different angles of the wind attack in the wind tunnel with the aim to obtain the curves of the aerodynamic coefficients and Strouhal number depending on the impact angle. The comparative numerical 3D simulations of the wind tunnel testing were performed using COMSOL Multiphysics and OpenFoam both incorporating the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method. Keywords: rectangle 2:1; wind tunnel; LES simulation; aerodynamic characteristics Available in digital repository of the ASCR
LES simulations of airflow around rectangle with side ratio 2:1 and their comparison with experiments

Our contribution is focused on the comparison of the experimental investigations and of the numerical 3D LES simulations of the airflow around sharply edged rectangle with side ratio 2:1. The ...

Ledvinková, Blanka; Hračov, Stanislav; Macháček, Michael
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2024

A New Hollow Fiber-Based Liquid-Phase Microextraction Method for the Determination of Antihypertensive Drug Lercanidipine in Biological Samples
Labzova, O.; Hrdlička, Vojtěch; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
2024 - English
A new hollow fiber-based liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) method for the determination of antihypertensive drug lercandipine (LCN) in biological samples was developed. HF-LPME was\ncombined with optimized square wave voltammetry (SWV) on a cathodically pre-treated screenprinted boron-doped diamond electrode (SP-BDDE). Optimum HF-LPME conditions were:\nsupported liquid membrane (SLM) dodecane, 0.02 mol L-1 Britton-Robinson buffer (BRB, pH = 3) acceptor phase, BRB (pH = 7) donor phase, and time of extraction 30 min. Limits of quantification (LOQ) and detection (LOD) were 3.3 and 1.1 nmol L-1, respectively. The applicability of the developed method was verified on human urine, blood serum, and blood plasma with 20 and 100 nmol L-1 LCN addition. Keywords: Lercanidipine hydrochloride; Hollow fiber liquid-phase microextraction; Screenprinted boron-doped diamond electrode Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
A New Hollow Fiber-Based Liquid-Phase Microextraction Method for the Determination of Antihypertensive Drug Lercanidipine in Biological Samples

A new hollow fiber-based liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) method for the determination of antihypertensive drug lercandipine (LCN) in biological samples was developed. HF-LPME was\ncombined with ...

Labzova, O.; Hrdlička, Vojtěch; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2024

Gas sensors based on diamond heterostructures for air quality monitoring
Kočí, Michal; Szabó, Ondrej; Izsák, T.; Sojková, M.; Godzierz, M.; Wróbel, P.; Husák, M.; Kromka, Alexander
2024 - English
Currently, great emphasis is placed on air quality and the presence of pollutants. Attention is therefore focused on new gas-sensing materials enabling detection even at low (up to room) temperatures with sufficient response and short reaction time. Here, we investigate the suitability of H-NCD films and their heterostructures with MoS2, GO, rGO, SH-GO, or Au NPs for gas sensing applications. Electrical properties are measured for oxidizing gas NO2, reducing gas NH3, and chemical vapor of ethanol, and at temperatures varied from room temperature to 125 °C. In contrast to the individual forms of employed materials with limited response to the exposed gases, the HNCD heterostructures revealed better sensing properties. In particular, the Au NPs/H-NCD heterostructures revealed a higher response at 125 °C in contrast to H-NCD, MoS2/H-NCD had quite good response even at room temperature and GO/H-NCD revealed high sensitivity to chemical vapor, which further improved for the SH-GO/HNCD. Keywords: gas sensors; nanocrystalline diamond; heterostructures; air quality monitoring Fulltext is available at external website.
Gas sensors based on diamond heterostructures for air quality monitoring

Currently, great emphasis is placed on air quality and the presence of pollutants. Attention is therefore focused on new gas-sensing materials enabling detection even at low (up to room) temperatures ...

Kočí, Michal; Szabó, Ondrej; Izsák, T.; Sojková, M.; Godzierz, M.; Wróbel, P.; Husák, M.; Kromka, Alexander
Fyzikální ústav, 2024

Development of Polymeric Enantioselective Membranes
Čížek, Jan
2024 - English
Enantiomers are molecules that share the same chemical formula but in space form mirror images of each other. Their reactions with other chiral molecules can be remarkably different, which is crucial mainly for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. However, industrialscale synthetic production of enantiomerically pure compounds is not always available. Therefore, the need for pure enantiomeric compounds drives the development and research on various separation methods. However, most methods used on the industrial scale are limited to specific compounds (diastereomeric recrystallization) or generally difficult and/or expensive to scale up (chromatography-related methods). Separation of enantiomers using membranes is promising\nthanks to the easy scalability and continuous operation of membrane processes. Various ideas about how the enantioselective membranes should look like have been published in the last thirty years. The mechanism of enantiomeric separation on a membrane is, however, highly specific, and still requires extensive research. In this work, four types of enantioselective polymeric membranes are presented. Available in a digital repository NRGL
Development of Polymeric Enantioselective Membranes

Enantiomers are molecules that share the same chemical formula but in space form mirror images of each other. Their reactions with other chiral molecules can be remarkably different, which is crucial ...

Čížek, Jan
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

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