Number of found documents: 2648
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Finite element approximation of fluid structure interaction using Taylor-Hood and Scott-Vogelius elements
Vacek, Karel; Sváček, P.
2024 - English
This paper addresses the problem of fluid flow interacting a vibrating solid cylinder described by one degree of freedom system and with fixed airfoil. The problem is described by the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations written in the arbitrary Eulerian-Lagrangian (ALE) formulation. The ALE mapping is constructed with the use of a pseudo-elastic approach. The flow problem is numerically approximated by the finite element method (FEM). For discretization of the fluid flow, the results obtained by both the Taylor-Hood (TH) element and the Scott-Vogelius (SV) finite element are compared. The TH element satisfies the Babuška-Brezzi inf-sup condition, which guarantees the stability of the scheme. In the case of the SV element the mesh, that is created as a barycentric refinement of regular triangulation, is used to satisfy the Babuška-Brezzi condition. The numerical results for two benchmark problems are shown. Keywords: finite element method; arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method; Scott-Vogelius element; Taylor-Hood element Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Finite element approximation of fluid structure interaction using Taylor-Hood and Scott-Vogelius elements

This paper addresses the problem of fluid flow interacting a vibrating solid cylinder described by one degree of freedom system and with fixed airfoil. The problem is described by the incompressible ...

Vacek, Karel; Sváček, P.
Matematický ústav, 2024

Numerical study of the steady airflow in the human respiratory system during inhaling and exhaling
Lancmanová, Anna; Bodnár, Tomáš
2024 - English
This paper presents some of the initial results of the numerical simulations of a steady turbulent flow in human upper airways during inhalation and exhalation. The mathematical model is based on the system of Reynolds-Averaged incompressible Navier-Stokes equations complemented by the SST k − ω turbulence model. The simulations were performed using finite-volume open source solver OpenFOAM on a realistic three-dimensional geometry. The main aim of this particular study is to verify the computational setup with special focus on appropriate choice and implementation of boundary conditions. The prescribed boundary conditions are chosen to mimic the physiological conditions during normal breathing cycle. This study aims to gain an insight into the airflow behavior during the inhalation and exhalation process by comparing the results of two distinct simulations corresponding to two different (opposite) flow rates . The obtained local flow rates and flow fields for both cases are presented and mutually compared. This initial work should serve as a foundation for future more complex simulations that will include the time-dependent and compressible effects. Keywords: human airways; incompressible Navier-Stokes; OpenFOAM Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Numerical study of the steady airflow in the human respiratory system during inhaling and exhaling

This paper presents some of the initial results of the numerical simulations of a steady turbulent flow in human upper airways during inhalation and exhalation. The mathematical model is based on the ...

Lancmanová, Anna; Bodnár, Tomáš
Matematický ústav, 2024

Numerical evaluation of mass-diffusive compressible fluids flows models
Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
2024 - English
This contribution presents first numerical tests of some recently published alternative models for solution of viscous compressible and nearly incompressible models. All models are solved by high resolution compact finite difference scheme with strong stability preserving RungeKutta time stepping. The two simple but challenging computational test cases are presented, based on the double-periodic shear layer and the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. The obtained time-dependent flow fields are showing pronounced shear and vorticity layers being resolved by the standard as well as by the new mass-diffusive modified models. The preliminary results show that the new models are viable alternative to the well established classical models. Keywords: compressible Navier-Stokes; nearly incompressible flow; mass diffusion; compact finite-difference Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Numerical evaluation of mass-diffusive compressible fluids flows models

This contribution presents first numerical tests of some recently published alternative models for solution of viscous compressible and nearly incompressible models. All models are solved by high ...

Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
Matematický ústav, 2024

Motion of fluids in the moving domain
Nečasová, Šárka
2024 - English
It is a survay paper where the problem of the existence of weak solutions of compressible barotropic solutions in a moving bounded domain is studied. Keywords: compressible fluid; moving domain; weak solutions Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Motion of fluids in the moving domain

It is a survay paper where the problem of the existence of weak solutions of compressible barotropic solutions in a moving bounded domain is studied.

Nečasová, Šárka
Matematický ústav, 2024

TESTING THE METHOD OF MULTIPLE SCALES AND THE AVERAGING PRINCIPLE FOR MODEL PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF QUASIPERIODIC TWO TIME-SCALE MODELS
Papáček, Štěpán; Matonoha, Ctirad
2023 - English
Some dynamical systems are characterized by more than one timescale, e.g. two well separated time-scales are typical for quasiperiodic systems. The aim of this paper is to show how singular perturbation methods based on the slow-fast decomposition can serve for an enhanced parameter estimation when the slowly changing features are rigorously treated. Although the ultimate goal is to reduce the standard error for the estimated parameters, here we test two methods for numerical approximations of the solution of associated forward problem: (i) the multiple time-scales method, and (ii) the method of averaging. On a case study, being an under-damped harmonic oscillator containing two state variables and two parameters, the method of averaging gives well (theoretically predicted) results, while the use of multiple time-scales method is not suitable for our purposes. Keywords: Dynamical system; Singular perturbation; Averaging; Parameter estimation; Slow-fast decomposition; Damped oscillations Fulltext is available at external website.
TESTING THE METHOD OF MULTIPLE SCALES AND THE AVERAGING PRINCIPLE FOR MODEL PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF QUASIPERIODIC TWO TIME-SCALE MODELS

Some dynamical systems are characterized by more than one timescale, e.g. two well separated time-scales are typical for quasiperiodic systems. The aim of this paper is to show how singular ...

Papáček, Štěpán; Matonoha, Ctirad
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2023

Utilization of electrochemically induced cleavage of various sulfonimides
Salvadori, Karolína
2023 - English
In this work, we describe the unexpected electrochemical cleavage of sulfonimides, providing a direct pathway to corresponding sulfonamides. For this purpose, 16 substances were synthesized and tested, reflecting the influence of different electron effects of -SO2Ph-R substituents, and the impact of the number of nosyl units present in molecules. In the case of octakis-nosylated calixarenes, the electrochemical cleavage via direct potential-controlled electrolysis was compared with conventional organic synthetic procedures. After electrolysis, all prepared sulfonamides were isolated in excellent yields. Keywords: sulfonimides; green chemistry procedures; electrochemisty Available in a digital repository NRGL
Utilization of electrochemically induced cleavage of various sulfonimides

In this work, we describe the unexpected electrochemical cleavage of sulfonimides, providing a direct pathway to corresponding sulfonamides. For this purpose, 16 substances were synthesized and ...

Salvadori, Karolína
Ústav chemických procesů, 2023

Green approach for the preparation of biosourced ionic liquids and the study of their thermodynamic properties\n
Souvenir Zafindrajaona, Mahasoa-Salina
2023 - English
This presentation will address a green approach to the synthesis of ionic liquids qualified as biosourced (monocatenar or bolaform systems) from specific agro-resources, according to several principles of green chemistry. As these solvents could be used to solubilize lignocellulosic biomass and/or extract bioactive compounds (from plant sourcing), the physicochemical characteristics (density, viscosity and heat capacity) of pure ILs or mixtures of IL/water must be determined. Preliminary results concerning this last point will be presented. Keywords: biosourced ionic liquids; lignocellulosic biomass; thermodynamic properties Available in a digital repository NRGL
Green approach for the preparation of biosourced ionic liquids and the study of their thermodynamic properties\n

This presentation will address a green approach to the synthesis of ionic liquids qualified as biosourced (monocatenar or bolaform systems) from specific agro-resources, according to several ...

Souvenir Zafindrajaona, Mahasoa-Salina
Ústav chemických procesů, 2023

Cultivation of Limnospira maxima and utilization of its fresh biomass in human nutrition
Vásquez, Claudia
2023 - English
This work aims to enhance productivity, efficiency and sustainability of L. maxima cultivation as well as to determine the safe microbiological conditions for the nutritional use of fresh spirulina biomass. Various parameters such as light intensity, light spectral composition, temperature, pH, CO2, and culture media composition can be optimized. A series of experiments were performed to find the most suitable configuration to cultivate L. maxima, defined by cyanobacterium productivity and yield as well as other metabolites production such as phycocyanin (C-PC) and carotenoids. Keywords: Limnospira maxima; fresh biomass; human nutrition Available in a digital repository NRGL
Cultivation of Limnospira maxima and utilization of its fresh biomass in human nutrition

This work aims to enhance productivity, efficiency and sustainability of L. maxima cultivation as well as to determine the safe microbiological conditions for the nutritional use of fresh spirulina ...

Vásquez, Claudia
Ústav chemických procesů, 2023

Organic fluorine content and change during thermal treatmen
Hušek, Matěj
2023 - English
We have previously described how pyrolysis affected the content of selected PFAS representatives.4,5 However, we could not determine with certainty whether they were merely cleaved or mineralised. Therefore, we focused on the change in organic fluorine content (part of PFAS) and analysed its thermal behaviour in inert (sea sand) and heterogeneous (sewage sludge) material. Keywords: organic fluorine; sewage sludge; thermal treatment Available in a digital repository NRGL
Organic fluorine content and change during thermal treatmen

We have previously described how pyrolysis affected the content of selected PFAS representatives.4,5 However, we could not determine with certainty whether they were merely cleaved or mineralised. ...

Hušek, Matěj
Ústav chemických procesů, 2023

Separation of exosomes from polydisperse suspension in microfluidic devices
Paříková, Anna
2023 - English
The work included fine-tuning the experimental methodology, writing an in-house code for exosome tracking based on a one-way\napproach, and performing a parametric study to investigate the separation potential of the microdevice as a function of channel geometry, flow rate, and viscosity. Preliminary results show that viscoelasticmicrofluidics can be used as an alternative to conventional e xosome separation techniques. Keywords: separation techniques; exosomes; microfluidic devices Available in a digital repository NRGL
Separation of exosomes from polydisperse suspension in microfluidic devices

The work included fine-tuning the experimental methodology, writing an in-house code for exosome tracking based on a one-way\napproach, and performing a parametric study to investigate the separation ...

Paříková, Anna
Ústav chemických procesů, 2023

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