Number of found documents: 2732
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Statistical Approach for BTT probes distribution
Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Šmíd, R.; Tchawou Tchuisseu, Eder Batista
2023 - English
Blade tip timing (BTT) system is a non-invasive method used for measuring the blade tip timing of rotating machinery. The BTT system typically consists of sensor probes, signal conditioning system, and data acquisition unit. The sensor probes are placed in proximity to the rotating blade tips, Sensors measure the time at which each blade passes by the probe. By measuring the blade tip timing, the BTT system can detect changes in the blade tip vibration, which is an important for the health monitoring and performance optimization of rotating machinery [1]. To ensure accurate measurement of blade tip timing, the probe arrangement is crucial. The placement of the probe relative to the blade tips can affect the measurement accuracy, and thus, several arrangement algorithms have been developed to optimize the placement of the probes. Instead of considering the condition number, a statistical algorithms is followed to optimize the placement of probes for accurate measurement of blade tip timing in turbo-machinery. The statistical approach will be employed to determine the optimal locations for probes, with the aim of reducing errors in the measurement of blade tip timing. \n Keywords: blade tip timing principle; RMSE; blade´s dynamics Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Statistical Approach for BTT probes distribution

Blade tip timing (BTT) system is a non-invasive method used for measuring the blade tip timing of rotating machinery. The BTT system typically consists of sensor probes, signal conditioning system, ...

Mekhalfia, Mohammed Lamine; Procházka, Pavel; Šmíd, R.; Tchawou Tchuisseu, Eder Batista
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

A short study on self-balancing of vertical rotors mounted in passive contactless bearings
Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan
2023 - English
Energy losses and wear of the support elements of high-speed rotors can be reduced by mounting the rotors in stable passive contactless bearings, the operation of which is based on magnetic levitation. The goal of the conducted research was to investigate applicability of self­balancing device added to vertical rotors supported by bearings showing low stiffness and damping, which is a specific property of passive magnetic bearings. This paper deals with applicability and efficiency of self-balancing devices added to vertical rotors supported by bearings having very low stiffness and damping, which corresponds to the properties of magnetic frictionless bearings. Keywords: self-balancing of rotors; passive contactless bearings; the influence of external damping Available at various institutes of the ASCR
A short study on self-balancing of vertical rotors mounted in passive contactless bearings

Energy losses and wear of the support elements of high-speed rotors can be reduced by mounting the rotors in stable passive contactless bearings, the operation of which is based on magnetic ...

Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Dynamic tensile experiments of hard rubber on instron test machine under finite deformations
Šulc, Petr; Pešek, Luděk; Bula, Vítězslav; Šnábl, Pavel
2023 - English
This paper deals with the first experimental tests of hard rubbers under tensile harmonic loading on the axial-torsional servohydraulic Instron 8852 test machine. The objective of these experiments on cylindrical rubber specimens on this machine is to obtain stress-strain curves of rubber specimens, first considering uniaxial finite longitudinal strains for a single load cycle. Next, the hysteresis loops and their skeleton curves are compared for two selected strain measures as a function of their conjugate stress. It is shown how to obtain the dependence between elongation in the axial direction and constriction in the radial direction, which is used to determine the Cauchy stress in this configuration. Keywords: uniaxial harmonic loading; finite deformation; second Piola-Kirchhoff stress; hysteresis loop; Green-Lagrange strain tensor Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Dynamic tensile experiments of hard rubber on instron test machine under finite deformations

This paper deals with the first experimental tests of hard rubbers under tensile harmonic loading on the axial-torsional servohydraulic Instron 8852 test machine. The objective of these experiments on ...

Šulc, Petr; Pešek, Luděk; Bula, Vítězslav; Šnábl, Pavel
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Deep learning methods for the acoustic emission methods to evaluate an onset of plastic straining
Parma, Slavomír; Kovanda, Martin; Chlada, Milan; Štefan, Jan; Kober, Jan; Feigenbaum, H. P.; Plešek, Jiří
2023 - English
Development of phenomenological plasticity models, hardening rules, and plasticity theories relies on experimental data of plastic straining. The experimental data are usually measured as the stress–strain response of the material being loaded and do not provide any clues or information about the local response of\nmaterial. In this paper, we analyze the plastic deformation of the material using the acoustic emission method and current state-of-the-art neural network models such as the InceptionTime architecture. Keywords: metal plasticity; strain hardening; acoustic emission; neural networks Fulltext is available at external website.
Deep learning methods for the acoustic emission methods to evaluate an onset of plastic straining

Development of phenomenological plasticity models, hardening rules, and plasticity theories relies on experimental data of plastic straining. The experimental data are usually measured as the ...

Parma, Slavomír; Kovanda, Martin; Chlada, Milan; Štefan, Jan; Kober, Jan; Feigenbaum, H. P.; Plešek, Jiří
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Model order reduction for particle-laden flows: systems with rotations and discrete transport operators
Kovárnová, A.; Isoz, Martin
2023 - English
In the present work, we concentrate on particle-laden flows as an example of industry-relevant transport-dominated systems. Our previously-developed framework for data-driven model order reduction (MOR) of such systems, the shifted proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation via artificial neural networks, is further extended by improving the handling of general transport operators. First, even with intrusive MOR approaches, the underlying numerical solvers can provide only discrete realizations of transports linked to the movement of individual particles in the system. On the other hand, our MOR methodology requires continuous transport operators. Thus, the original framework was extended by the possibility to reconstruct continuous approximations of known discrete transports via another artificial neural network. Second, the treatment of rotation-comprising transports was significantly improved. Keywords: model order reduction; shifted POD; artificial neural networks; CFD-DEM; Open- FOAM Fulltext is available at external website.
Model order reduction for particle-laden flows: systems with rotations and discrete transport operators

In the present work, we concentrate on particle-laden flows as an example of industry-relevant transport-dominated systems. Our previously-developed framework for data-driven model order reduction ...

Kovárnová, A.; Isoz, Martin
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Numerical minimization of energy functionals in continuum mechanics using hp-FEM in MATLAB
Moskovka, Alexej; Frost, Miroslav; Valdman, Jan
2023 - English
Many processes in mechanics and thermodynamics can be formulated as a minimization of a particular energy functional. The finite element method can be used for an approximation of such functionals in a finite-dimensional subspace. Consequently, the numerical minimization methods (such as quasi-Newton and trust region) can be used to find a minimum of the functional. Vectorization techniques used for the evaluation of the energy together with the assembly of discrete energy gradient and Hessian sparsity are crucial for evaluation times. A particular model simulating the deformation of a Neo-Hookean solid body is solved in this contribution by minimizing the corresponding energy functional. We implement both P1 and rectangular hp-finite elements and compare their efficiency with respect to degrees of freedom and evaluation times. Keywords: hp-FEM; energy functionals; numerical minimization Fulltext is available at external website.
Numerical minimization of energy functionals in continuum mechanics using hp-FEM in MATLAB

Many processes in mechanics and thermodynamics can be formulated as a minimization of a particular energy functional. The finite element method can be used for an approximation of such functionals in ...

Moskovka, Alexej; Frost, Miroslav; Valdman, Jan
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Self-balancing of vertical disc rotors supported by contactless bearings
Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan; Košina, Jan
2023 - English
Article discusses the self-balancing of the vertical disc rotors supported by contactless bearings on principle of diamagnetic levitation. There are three possibilities of contactless supports: permanent magnet levitation with the help of bismuth, graphite and pyrolitic graphite. Keywords: self balancing; vertical disc rotors; contactless bearings Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Self-balancing of vertical disc rotors supported by contactless bearings

Article discusses the self-balancing of the vertical disc rotors supported by contactless bearings on principle of diamagnetic levitation. There are three possibilities of contactless supports: ...

Zapoměl, Jaroslav; Kozánek, Jan; Košina, Jan
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Dynamics of a cantilever beam with piezoelectric sensor: Finite element modeling
Cimrman, Robert; Kolman, Radek; Musil, Ladislav; Kotek, Vojtěch; Kylar, Jaromír
2023 - English
An elastodynamical model of a cantilever beam coupled with a piezoelectric sensor is introduced and its discretization using the finite element method is presented. The mathematical model includes additional terms that enforce the floating potential boundary condition for keeping a constant charge on an electrode of the sensor. The behaviour of the model is illustrated using a numerical example corresponding to an experimental setup, where vibrations of the beam and the potential on the sensor are measured. Keywords: finite element method; piezo-electricity; floating potential; dynamic simulation Fulltext is available at external website.
Dynamics of a cantilever beam with piezoelectric sensor: Finite element modeling

An elastodynamical model of a cantilever beam coupled with a piezoelectric sensor is introduced and its discretization using the finite element method is presented. The mathematical model includes ...

Cimrman, Robert; Kolman, Radek; Musil, Ladislav; Kotek, Vojtěch; Kylar, Jaromír
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Dynamics of a cantilever beam with piezoelectric sensor: Parameter identification
Cimrman, Robert; Kolman, Radek; Musil, Ladislav; Kotek, Vojtěch; Kylar, Jaromír
2023 - English
The piezoelectric materials are electroactive materials often applied for real-time sensing or structural health monitoring, both important research topics in dynamics. Mathematical models of such structures have to allow also for the external electrical circuits and contain several material parameters that need to be identified from experiments. We present a model of a simple experiment involving dynamics of a cantilever beam with an attached piezoelectric sensor excited by a suddenly removed weight. The external circuit can be taken into account as having either a finite or infinite resistance. We also outline the parameter identification procedure based on automatic differentiation and present the experimental and numerical results. Keywords: finite element method; piezo-electricity; floating potential; dynamic simulation; parameter identification Fulltext is available at external website.
Dynamics of a cantilever beam with piezoelectric sensor: Parameter identification

The piezoelectric materials are electroactive materials often applied for real-time sensing or structural health monitoring, both important research topics in dynamics. Mathematical models of such ...

Cimrman, Robert; Kolman, Radek; Musil, Ladislav; Kotek, Vojtěch; Kylar, Jaromír
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Development of autonomous experimental system to analyse yield surfaces distortion due to multiaxial ratcheting
Svárovský, Jiří; Parma, Slavomír; Štefan, Jan; Ciocanel, C.; Feigenbaum, H. P.; Marek, René; Klepač, Vilém; Plešek, Jiří
2023 - English
Multiaxial ratcheting is a failure mode of structures characterized by the accumulation of plastic strain due to cyclic loading. Despite several models having been developed to predict multiaxial ratcheting, they often fail when validated with experimental data collected under a wide array of loading conditions. In this study, an experimental setup was developed and an autonomous testing procedure was used to experimentally analyze the evolution of the yield surface shape due to cyclic biaxial loading. Thin-walled tubular test specimens were made of 304L steel with a diameter of 40mm and underwent axial-torsional testing using the Instron 8852 system. The total axial strain was increased from 0 to 1% while the total shear strain underwent 5 cycles with the strain amplitude of 0.5% and the mean strain of 0.5%. Three yield surfaces were measured after the straining sequence was completed. Results showed strong directional distortional hardening and good agreement between the flow vectors and the normals to the yield surface, lending support to the associative flow rule. Keywords: yield surface distortion; strain hardening; multiaxial ratcheting; flow rule Fulltext is available at external website.
Development of autonomous experimental system to analyse yield surfaces distortion due to multiaxial ratcheting

Multiaxial ratcheting is a failure mode of structures characterized by the accumulation of plastic strain due to cyclic loading. Despite several models having been developed to predict multiaxial ...

Svárovský, Jiří; Parma, Slavomír; Štefan, Jan; Ciocanel, C.; Feigenbaum, H. P.; Marek, René; Klepač, Vilém; Plešek, Jiří
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

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