Number of found documents: 11991
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Estimation of EDZ zones in great depths by elastic-plastic models
Sysala, Stanislav
2023 - English
This contribution is devoted to modeling damage zones caused by the excavation of tunnels and boreholes (EDZ zones) in connection with the issue of deep storage of spent nuclear fuel in crystalline rocks. In particular, elastic-plastic models with Mohr-Coulomb or Hoek-Brown yield criteria are considered. Selected details of the numerical solution to the corresponding problems are mentioned. Possibilities of elastic and elastic-plastic approaches are illustrated by a numerical example. Keywords: tunnel stability; EDZ zones; elasto-plasticity; finite element method Fulltext is available at external website.
Estimation of EDZ zones in great depths by elastic-plastic models

This contribution is devoted to modeling damage zones caused by the excavation of tunnels and boreholes (EDZ zones) in connection with the issue of deep storage of spent nuclear fuel in crystalline ...

Sysala, Stanislav
Ústav geoniky, 2023

Annular Impinging Jets and an Active Control of Hysteretic Effects
Devani, Yogendrasasidhar; Antošová, Zuzana; Trávníček, Zdeněk
2023 - English
An annular impinging air jet with and without flow control was studied experimentally using measurements of the wall pressure and flow velocity by the Pitot probe. To investigate flow control swirling effects, eight synthetic jets were generated from the nozzle center body. The experiments cover Reynolds numbers 4000–10,000 (evaluated from the outer exit diameter of the annular nozzle). For Re<9000, the bistability and hysteresis were identified and two different flow field patterns (A, B) were found under the same boundary conditions. For higher Re>9000, the hysteresis were not found. Keywords: annular jet; impinging jet; hysteresis Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Annular Impinging Jets and an Active Control of Hysteretic Effects

An annular impinging air jet with and without flow control was studied experimentally using measurements of the wall pressure and flow velocity by the Pitot probe. To investigate flow control swirling ...

Devani, Yogendrasasidhar; Antošová, Zuzana; Trávníček, Zdeněk
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Spherical basis function approximation with particular trend functions
Segeth, Karel
2023 - English
The paper is concerned with the measurement of scalar physical quantities at nodes on the $(d-1)$-dimensional unit sphere surface in the hbox{$d$-dimensional} Euclidean space and the spherical RBF interpolation of the data obtained. In particular, we consider $d=3$. We employ an inverse multiquadric as the radial basis function and the corresponding trend is a polynomial of degree 2 defined in Cartesian coordinates. We prove the existence of the interpolation formula of the type considered. The formula can be useful in the interpretation of many physical measurements. We show an example concerned with the measurement of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility having extensive applications in geosciences and present numerical difficulties connected with the high condition number of the matrix of the system defining the interpolation. Keywords: spherical interpolation; spherical radial basis function; inverse multiquadric Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Spherical basis function approximation with particular trend functions

The paper is concerned with the measurement of scalar physical quantities at nodes on the $(d-1)$-dimensional unit sphere surface in the hbox{$d$-dimensional} Euclidean space and the spherical RBF ...

Segeth, Karel
Matematický ústav, 2023

Semantic segmentation using support vector machine classifier
Pecha, Marek; Langford, Z.; Horák, David; Tran Mills, R.
2023 - English
This paper deals with wildfire identification in the Alaska regions as a semantic segmentation task using support vector machine classifiers. Instead of colour information represented by means of BGR channels, we proceed with a normalized reflectance over 152 days so that such time series is assigned to each pixel. We compare models associated with $\mathcal{l}1$-loss and $\mathcal{l}2$-loss functions and stopping criteria based on a projected gradient and duality gap in the presented benchmarks. Keywords: wildfire identification; semantic segmentation; support vector machines; distributed training Fulltext is available at external website.
Semantic segmentation using support vector machine classifier

This paper deals with wildfire identification in the Alaska regions as a semantic segmentation task using support vector machine classifiers. Instead of colour information represented by means of BGR ...

Pecha, Marek; Langford, Z.; Horák, David; Tran Mills, R.
Ústav geoniky, 2023

A new blade cascade for flutter studies
Šnábl, Pavel; Pešek, Luděk; Procházka, Pavel P.; Skála, V.
2023 - English
In this paper, a new blade cascade, developed in the Institute of Thermomechanics, is presented. The geometry of the cascade was modified so now the stall flutter can occur. It has some major construction improvements over the original cascade which now allow more precise and reliable measurements. The stability of the new blade cascade with five NACA 0010 profiles with rotational degree of freedom is assessed by Travelling Wave Mode approach and Aerodynamic Influence Coefficient approach. Keywords: blade cascade; stability; travelling wave mode; aerodynamic influence coefficient Available at various institutes of the ASCR
A new blade cascade for flutter studies

In this paper, a new blade cascade, developed in the Institute of Thermomechanics, is presented. The geometry of the cascade was modified so now the stall flutter can occur. It has some major ...

Šnábl, Pavel; Pešek, Luděk; Procházka, Pavel P.; Skála, V.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Stereolithography for manufacturing of advanced porous solids
Drechslerová, V.; Neuhäuserová, M.; Falta, J.; Šleichrt, J.; Kytýř, Daniel
2023 - English
The aim of this paper is focused on benefits of stereolithography (SLA) technology for the fabrication of the lightweight lattice structures with potential for load-bearing function and high absorption of impact energy. SLA is an additive manufacturing technology employing the principle of liquid resins curing moderated by radiation of a wavelength from ultra-violet band where resulting material parameters are tunable by setting of the curing process. The batches of samples manufactured using three different resins were subjected to quasi-static uni-axial tensile and compression tests. Acquired data were processed to derive deformation behaviour expressed as stress-strain diagrams and fundamental material properties. Based on the knowledge obtained from the mechanical tests, the setup of the fabrication parameters, the most suitable resin for manufacturing of the lattice structures and the overall suitability of SLA technology for the fabrication of advanced porous materials, were determined. Keywords: stereolithography; advanced porous materials; quasi-static testing; resin; mechanical characteristics Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Stereolithography for manufacturing of advanced porous solids

The aim of this paper is focused on benefits of stereolithography (SLA) technology for the fabrication of the lightweight lattice structures with potential for load-bearing function and high ...

Drechslerová, V.; Neuhäuserová, M.; Falta, J.; Šleichrt, J.; Kytýř, Daniel
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2023

Numerical implementation of incremental minimization principle for materials with multiple rate-independent dissipative mechanisms
Frost, Miroslav; Moskovka, Alexej; Sedlák, Petr; Valdman, Jan
2023 - English
The incremental energy minimization approach is a compact variational formulation of the evolutionary boundary value problem for constitutive models of materials with a rate-independent response. Although it can be easily applied to many conventional models, its main advantages arise when applied to models with multiple strongly coupled dissipation mechanisms, where the direct construction of the coupled yield conditions and flow rules may be challenging. However, this usually requires a more complex numerical treatment of the resulting sequence of time-incremental boundary value problems resolved via the finite element method. This contribution presents, compares and discusses two genuine minimization approaches - the staggered solution procedure relying on alternating minimization and the monolithic approach employing global minimization - for an advanced constitutive model of shape memory alloys. Keywords: variational approach; constitutive modeling; numerical implementation Fulltext is available at external website.
Numerical implementation of incremental minimization principle for materials with multiple rate-independent dissipative mechanisms

The incremental energy minimization approach is a compact variational formulation of the evolutionary boundary value problem for constitutive models of materials with a rate-independent response. ...

Frost, Miroslav; Moskovka, Alexej; Sedlák, Petr; Valdman, Jan
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Astrophysical black holes embedded in organized magnetic fields
Karas, Vladimír
2023 - English
Large-scale magnetic fields pervade the cosmic environment where the astrophysical black holes are often embedded and influenced by mutual interaction. In thiscontribution, we outline the appropriate mathematical framework to describe magnetized black holes within General Relativity, and we show several examples of how these can be employed in the astrophysical context. In particular, we examine the magnetized black hole metric in terms of an exact solution of electro-vacuum Einstein-Maxwell equations under the influence of a non-vanishing electric charge. New effects emerge: the expulsion of the magnetic flux out of the black-hole horizon depends on the intensity of the imposed magnetic field. Keywords: black holes; electromagnetic fields; general relativity Fulltext is available at external website.
Astrophysical black holes embedded in organized magnetic fields

Large-scale magnetic fields pervade the cosmic environment where the astrophysical black holes are often embedded and influenced by mutual interaction. In thiscontribution, we outline the appropriate ...

Karas, Vladimír
Astronomický ústav, 2023

COMPUTER SIMULATION STUDY OF THE STABILITY OF UNDERACTUATED BIPEDAL ROBOT MODELS (motivated by Griffin and Grizzle, 2017)
Polach, P.; Anderle, Milan; Zezula, Pavel; Papáček, Štěpán
2023 - English
A key feature for bipedal walkers (robots and humans as well) is their stability or disturbance rejection defined as the ability to deal with unexpected disturbances. The paper by Griffin and Grizzle (2017) have significantly contributed to the shift from flat ground to slopes and steps when evaluating the walking efficiency of their robots. Similarly, in this contribution, based on the appropriate model of robot dynamics and control law, we examine the stability of walking-without-falling for different ground perturbations for a threelink compass gait walker. I.e., we perform the sensitivity analysis of the walking stability of underactuated bipedal walker with respect to certain disturbation using the alaska/MultibodyDynamics simulation tool. Keywords: Mechatronics; Bipedal robot; Multibody dynamics; Acrobot; Control applications Fulltext is available at external website.
COMPUTER SIMULATION STUDY OF THE STABILITY OF UNDERACTUATED BIPEDAL ROBOT MODELS (motivated by Griffin and Grizzle, 2017)

A key feature for bipedal walkers (robots and humans as well) is their stability or disturbance rejection defined as the ability to deal with unexpected disturbances. The paper by Griffin and Grizzle ...

Polach, P.; Anderle, Milan; Zezula, Pavel; Papáček, Štěpán
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2023

Thermal and creep analysis of VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident
Gabriel, Dušan; Gál, P.; Kotouč, M.; Dymáček, Petr; Masák, Jan; Kopačka, Ján
2023 - English
Thermal and creep analysis of the VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was performed at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident. First, the integral code ASTEC was applied simulating severe accident evolution since an initiating event up to a hypothetical radioactive release into the environment. The ASTEC outputs including the remaining RPV wall thickness, the heat flux achieved and the temperature profile in the ablated vessel wall served as boundary conditions for the consequent assessment of RPV integrity carried out with the aid of finite element method (FEM). The FEM analysis was performed including the creep behaviour of RPV material using a complex creep probabilistic exponential model with damage. The objective of the analysis was to computationally assess emergency condition and, on this basis, to propose a general methodology for evaluating the integrity of RPV at high temperatures due to fuel melting during severe accident. Keywords: integrity of reactor pressure vessel; severe accident; ASTEC; creep; FEM Fulltext is available at external website.
Thermal and creep analysis of VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident

Thermal and creep analysis of the VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was performed at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident. First, the integral code ASTEC was applied ...

Gabriel, Dušan; Gál, P.; Kotouč, M.; Dymáček, Petr; Masák, Jan; Kopačka, Ján
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

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