Number of found documents: 11991
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Statistical Method Selection Matters: Vanilla Methods in Regression May Yield Misleading Results
Kalina, Jan
2023 - English
The primary aim of this work is to illustrate the importance of the choice of the appropriate methods for the statistical analysis of economic data. Typically, there exist several alternative versions of common statistical methods for every statistical modeling task\nand the most habitually used (“vanilla”) versions may yield rather misleading results in nonstandard situations. Linear regression is considered here as the most fundamental econometric model. First, the analysis of a world tourism dataset is presented, where the number of international arrivals is modeled for 140 countries of the world as a response of 14 pillars (indicators) of the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index. Heteroscedasticity is clearly recognized in the dataset. However, the Aitken estimator, which would be the standard remedy in such a situation, is revealed here to be very inappropriate. Regression quantiles represent a much more suitable solution here. The second illustration with artificial data reveals standard regression quantiles to be unsuitable for data contaminated by outlying values. Their recently proposed robust version turns out to be much more appropriate. Both\nillustrations reveal that choosing suitable methods represent an important (and often difficult) part of the analysis of economic data. Keywords: linear regression; assumptions; non-standard situations; robustness; diagnostics Fulltext is available at external website.
Statistical Method Selection Matters: Vanilla Methods in Regression May Yield Misleading Results

The primary aim of this work is to illustrate the importance of the choice of the appropriate methods for the statistical analysis of economic data. Typically, there exist several alternative versions ...

Kalina, Jan
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2023

Thermal and creep analysis of VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident
Gabriel, Dušan; Gál, P.; Kotouč, M.; Dymáček, Petr; Masák, Jan; Kopačka, Ján
2023 - English
Thermal and creep analysis of the VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was performed at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident. First, the integral code ASTEC was applied simulating severe accident evolution since an initiating event up to a hypothetical radioactive release into the environment. The ASTEC outputs including the remaining RPV wall thickness, the heat flux achieved and the temperature profile in the ablated vessel wall served as boundary conditions for the consequent assessment of RPV integrity carried out with the aid of finite element method (FEM). The FEM analysis was performed including the creep behaviour of RPV material using a complex creep probabilistic exponential model with damage. The objective of the analysis was to computationally assess emergency condition and, on this basis, to propose a general methodology for evaluating the integrity of RPV at high temperatures due to fuel melting during severe accident. Keywords: integrity of reactor pressure vessel; severe accident; ASTEC; creep; FEM Fulltext is available at external website.
Thermal and creep analysis of VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident

Thermal and creep analysis of the VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was performed at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident. First, the integral code ASTEC was applied ...

Gabriel, Dušan; Gál, P.; Kotouč, M.; Dymáček, Petr; Masák, Jan; Kopačka, Ján
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Reduced modelling of aeroelastic instability in a turbine blade cascade
Pešek, Luděk; Šnábl, Pavel; Prasad, Chandra Shekhar
2023 - English
The contribution deals with the first results on flutter instability of the linear cascade triggered by impulse excitation. Together with experimental results, numerical results obtained by reduced modelling of the cascade using van der Pol model of self-excitation are presented and discussed. Keywords: flutter; blade cascade; self-excitation; Van der Pol Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Reduced modelling of aeroelastic instability in a turbine blade cascade

The contribution deals with the first results on flutter instability of the linear cascade triggered by impulse excitation. Together with experimental results, numerical results obtained by reduced ...

Pešek, Luděk; Šnábl, Pavel; Prasad, Chandra Shekhar
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Simulation of heterogeneously-catalyzed non-isothermal reactive flow in industrial packed beds
Hlavatý, Tomáš; Isoz, Martin; Khýr, M.
2023 - English
Packed bed reactors are the most frequently used devices to perform heterogeneously catalyzed reactions on industrial scales. An industrial real-life heterogeneous catalysis is complex process that combines fully three-dimensional mass, momentum and energy transport on several scales. In the present work, we leverage our previously developed CFD solver for non-isothermal heterogeneously catalyzed reactive flow based on the finite volume method and couple it with our\nin-house DEM-based method for preparation of random packed beds. The resulting framework is verified in the simplified cases against available analytical solutions and correlations and is used to study an industrially-relevant case of ethylene oxychlorination performed in a tubular packed bed comprising CuCl2-coated catalyst carrying particles. In particular, we compare properties of three different industrially used catalyst carrying particles: Raschig rings, Reformax, and Wagon wheels Keywords: CFD; OpenFOAM; non-isothermal flow Available in a digital repository NRGL
Simulation of heterogeneously-catalyzed non-isothermal reactive flow in industrial packed beds

Packed bed reactors are the most frequently used devices to perform heterogeneously catalyzed reactions on industrial scales. An industrial real-life heterogeneous catalysis is complex process that ...

Hlavatý, Tomáš; Isoz, Martin; Khýr, M.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Implementation of wall functions into a hybrid fictitious domain-immersed boundary method
Kubíčková, Lucie; Isoz, Martin
2023 - English
Hybrid fictitious domain-immersed boundary method (HFDIB) is a simulation approach used in computational fluid dynamics. The approach avoids usage of complex geometry-conforming computational domains. Instead, a simple domain is used and the geometry is projected onto it by a scalar field and adjustment of governing equations. Hence, the time spent on mesh generation is substantially reduced. It is advantageous to use the HFDIB in geometry optimizations where it allows for a massive optimization speed-up. Nevertheless, there is a problem with simulation of the fluid behavior in the boundary layer in the vicinity of the immersed walls. Especially, in simulation of highly turbulent flows, where the boundary layer is very thin and the usage of finer mesh is unaffordable. In this work, we aim to solve this problem by implementation of Reynolds averaged turbulence models in our custom HFDIB variant. In particular, we implemented the k-ω turbulence model and blended wall functions for closure variables and velocity. Keywords: wall functions; immersed boundary method; CFD; RAS Fulltext is available at external website.
Implementation of wall functions into a hybrid fictitious domain-immersed boundary method

Hybrid fictitious domain-immersed boundary method (HFDIB) is a simulation approach used in computational fluid dynamics. The approach avoids usage of complex geometry-conforming computational domains. ...

Kubíčková, Lucie; Isoz, Martin
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Model order reduction of transport-dominated systems with rotations using shifted proper orthogonal decomposition and artificial neural networks
Kovárnová, A.; Isoz, Martin
2023 - English
In the present work, we concentrate on particle-laden flows as an example of industry-relevant transport-dominated systems. Our previously-developed framework for data-driven model order reduction (MOR) of such systems, the shifted proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation via artificial neural networks, is further extended by improving the handling of general transport operators. First, even with intrusive MOR approaches, the underlying numerical solvers can provide only discrete realizations of transports linked to the movement of individual particles in the system. On the other hand, our MOR methodology requires continuous transport operators. Thus, the original framework was extended by the possibility to reconstruct continuous approximations of known discrete transports via another artificial neural network. Second, the treatment of rotation-comprising transports was significantly improved. Keywords: model order reduction; CFD; shifted POD Fulltext is available at external website.
Model order reduction of transport-dominated systems with rotations using shifted proper orthogonal decomposition and artificial neural networks

In the present work, we concentrate on particle-laden flows as an example of industry-relevant transport-dominated systems. Our previously-developed framework for data-driven model order reduction ...

Kovárnová, A.; Isoz, Martin
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Development, validation, and application of a solver for non-isothermal non-adiabatic packed bed reactors
Hlavatý, Tomáš; Isoz, Martin; Khýr, M.
2023 - English
Packed bed reactors are the most frequently used devices to perform heterogeneously catalyzed reactions on industrial scales. The main contribution of our work is the development of a numerical model applicable to simulations of such reactors. The developed model is based on the finite volume method, couples the momentum, mass and energy balances, and is free of any empirical closures. As such, the solver falls into the domain of the direct numerical simulation. In the talk, we will (i) present the new solver fundamental working principles, (ii) report on the verication of each of the solver components against existing literature data and (iii) demonstrate an application of the solver on an industrially relevant case of ethylene oxichlorination performed in a tubular reactor packed with Raschig rings coated by CuCl2 catalyst. Keywords: CFD; oxichlorination; heterogenous catalysis Fulltext is available at external website.
Development, validation, and application of a solver for non-isothermal non-adiabatic packed bed reactors

Packed bed reactors are the most frequently used devices to perform heterogeneously catalyzed reactions on industrial scales. The main contribution of our work is the development of a numerical model ...

Hlavatý, Tomáš; Isoz, Martin; Khýr, M.
Ústav termomechaniky, 2023

Beyond the Erdős–Sós conjecture
Davoodi, Akbar; Piguet, Diana; Řada, Hanka; Sanhueza-Matamala, N.
2023 - English
We prove an asymptotic version of a tree-containment conjecture of Klimošová, Piguet and Rozhoň [European J. Combin. 88 (2020), 103106] for graphs with quadratically many edges. The result implies that the asymptotic version of the Erdős-Sós conjecture in the setting of dense graphs is correct. Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Beyond the Erdős–Sós conjecture

We prove an asymptotic version of a tree-containment conjecture of Klimošová, Piguet and Rozhoň [European J. Combin. 88 (2020), 103106] for graphs with quadratically many edges. The result implies ...

Davoodi, Akbar; Piguet, Diana; Řada, Hanka; Sanhueza-Matamala, N.
Ústav informatiky, 2023

Dynamics of surface water quality changes in model headwater areas of the Czech Republic
Fraindová, K.; Matoušková, M.; Kliment, Z.; Vlček, Lukáš; Vlach, V.; Šajnarová, L.
2023 - English
River headwaters have a high environmental value. Unfortunately, the biogeochemical processes in headwaters in context of different rainfall-runoff conditions and specific land cover have not been fully examined. This study focuses on changes in correlations of 16 biogeochemical parameters related to different types of rainfall-runoff events and land cover condition for eight headwater catchments in Central Europe. Multiple methods as linear regression, Spearman rank correlation, Principal Components Analysis and C/Q hysteresis loops revealed main relationships. Presence of peatlands and waterlogged spruce forests had decisive influence on the biogeochemistry (mainly for CODMn, humins, Fe, P-PO43− TP, and N-NO3−). The strongest positive correlation of organic matter (CODMn) and Fe is represented in a catchment with the largest area of damaged forest (70%), but with a smaller proportion of wetlands (8%). High flow rates influence the release of greater amounts of organic matter and N-NO3−. Keywords: headwater areas; organic matter; waterlogged areas; peatbogs; raifall-runoff events; water quality; electric conductivity Fulltext is available at external website.
Dynamics of surface water quality changes in model headwater areas of the Czech Republic

River headwaters have a high environmental value. Unfortunately, the biogeochemical processes in headwaters in context of different rainfall-runoff conditions and specific land cover have not been ...

Fraindová, K.; Matoušková, M.; Kliment, Z.; Vlček, Lukáš; Vlach, V.; Šajnarová, L.
Ústav pro hydrodynamiku, 2023

Charakterizace a eliminace termomechanických vlivů v interferometrickém měření délky
Řeřucha, Šimon; Holá, Miroslava; Lazar, Josef; Mikel, Břetislav; Číp, Ondřej
2023 - Czech
Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Charakterizace a eliminace termomechanických vlivů v interferometrickém měření délky

Řeřucha, Šimon; Holá, Miroslava; Lazar, Josef; Mikel, Břetislav; Číp, Ondřej
Ústav přístrojové techniky, 2023

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