Počet nalezených dokumentů: 393
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Classification of distances in cosmology
Křížek, Michal; Mészáros, A.
2018 - anglický
In cosmology many different distances are defined: angular, comoving, Euclidean, Hubble, light-year, luminosity, Minkowski, parallax, proper motion, redshift, ... distance. There is not one single natural distance, since the universe is expanding, curved, and we look back in time. In this survey paper we will concentrate on geometrical interpretations of the above-mentioned distances. Klíčová slova: standard cosmological model; cosmological principle; Friedmann equation; cosmological parameters; Einstein static universe Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
Classification of distances in cosmology

In cosmology many different distances are defined: angular, comoving, Euclidean, Hubble, light-year, luminosity, Minkowski, parallax, proper motion, redshift, ... distance. There is not one single ...

Křížek, Michal; Mészáros, A.
Matematický ústav, 2018

Analysis of the turbulence parameterisations for the atmospheric surface layer
Caggio, Matteo; Bodnár, Tomáš
2018 - anglický
The purpose of this short communication is to present a method that aims to express the turbulent variables in the atmospheric surface-layer in function of the stability of the atmosphere. The case of very stable conditions (strong strati cation), where theoretical approaches provide conflicting results (see Luhar et al. [11]), is analysed in detail to provide some insight into the limits of applicability for some of the most popular models of turbulence. The problem of the existence of the critical flux Richardson number is also taken into account. Klíčová slova: atmospheric boundary layer; Monin-Obukhov similarity theory; turbulence parameterisations; strong strati cation Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
Analysis of the turbulence parameterisations for the atmospheric surface layer

The purpose of this short communication is to present a method that aims to express the turbulent variables in the atmospheric surface-layer in function of the stability of the atmosphere. The case of ...

Caggio, Matteo; Bodnár, Tomáš
Matematický ústav, 2018

Neglected gravitational redshift in detections of gravitational waves
Křížek, Michal; Somer, L.
2018 - anglický
In 2016, the letter [1] about the first detection of gravitational waves was published. They were generated by two merging black holes that had approximately 36 and 29 Sun’s masses. However, the authors have not taken into account a large gravitational redshift of this binary system, which is a direct consequence of time dilation in a strong gravitational field. Thus the proposed masses are overestimated. In our paper we also give other arguments for this statement. Klíčová slova: gravitational redshift; time dilatation; black holes; wavelets Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
Neglected gravitational redshift in detections of gravitational waves

In 2016, the letter [1] about the first detection of gravitational waves was published. They were generated by two merging black holes that had approximately 36 and 29 Sun’s masses. However, the ...

Křížek, Michal; Somer, L.
Matematický ústav, 2018

Cosmology on Small Scales 2018: Dark Matter Problem and Selected Controversies in Cosmology
Křížek, Michal; Dumin, Y. V.
2018 - anglický
According to the standard cosmological model, our Universe needs a significant amount of dark matter, about six times more than that of the usual baryonic matter, besides an even larger amount of dark energy. But to date, both dark matter and dark energy have remained conceptually elusive, without concrete evidence based on direct physical measurements. Yet another subtle issue is that the Friedmann equation – the cornerstone of modern cosmology – was derived from the system of ten Einstein’s equations applied to a perfectly symmetric universe, which is homogeneous\nand isotropic for every fixed time instant. So, the question is whether one can perform such excessive extrapolations and, in particular, at which scale the effect of Hubble expansion is manifested. Klíčová slova: cosmology Dokument je dostupný na externích webových stránkách.
Cosmology on Small Scales 2018: Dark Matter Problem and Selected Controversies in Cosmology

According to the standard cosmological model, our Universe needs a significant amount of dark matter, about six times more than that of the usual baryonic matter, besides an even larger amount of dark ...

Křížek, Michal; Dumin, Y. V.
Matematický ústav, 2018

Parallel domain decomposition solver for flows in hydrostatic bearings
Hanek, Martin; Šístek, Jakub; Burda, P.; Stach, E.
2018 - anglický
We perform simulations of oil flow in hydrostatic bearings. Stationary incompressible three-dimensional flow governed by the Navier-Stokes equations is considered. The finite element method is used for discretization. The arising nonlinear system of algebraic equations is linearized using the Picard’s iteration, and the Balancing Domain Decomposition based on Constraints (BDDC) method is used to solve the linear systems of equations. The solver is first validated with an experiment for the case of a bearing without motion, and it is then applied to simulation of flow in a sliding bearing. Klíčová slova: hydrostatic bearings; BDDC Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
Parallel domain decomposition solver for flows in hydrostatic bearings

We perform simulations of oil flow in hydrostatic bearings. Stationary incompressible three-dimensional flow governed by the Navier-Stokes equations is considered. The finite element method is used ...

Hanek, Martin; Šístek, Jakub; Burda, P.; Stach, E.
Matematický ústav, 2018

Artificial far-field pressure boundary conditions for wall-bounded stratified flows
Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
2018 - anglický
This paper presents an alternative boundary conditions setup for the numerical simulations of stably stratifed flow. The focus of the tested computational setup is on the pressure boundary conditions on the arti cial boundaries of the computational domain. The simple three dimensional test case deals with the steady flow of an incompressible, variable density fluid over a low smooth model hill. The Boussinesq approximation model is solved by an in-house developed high-resolution numerical code, based on compact finite-difference discretization in space and Strong Stability Preserving Runge-Kutta method for (pseudo-) time stepping. Klíčová slova: Boussinesq approximation; stable stratification; compact finite-difference; pressure boundary condition Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
Artificial far-field pressure boundary conditions for wall-bounded stratified flows

This paper presents an alternative boundary conditions setup for the numerical simulations of stably stratifed flow. The focus of the tested computational setup is on the pressure boundary conditions ...

Bodnár, Tomáš; Fraunié, P.
Matematický ústav, 2018

Assessing a teacher’s competence for implementation of inquiry based mathematics education from a discussion of open geometrical situations
Roubíček, Filip
2017 - anglický
The study is focused on the possibility to assess and develop primary teachers’ abilities to implement some principles of inquiry based mathematics education into their teaching practice. The requirements on a primary teacher and their competence are assessed through a joint discussion of open geometrical situations presented through Concept Cartoons. Teachers’ written comments and notes and verbal statements expressed in the discussion of four geometrical problems were analysed and presented. Klíčová slova: inguiry based mathematics education; primary teacher; elementary geometry Plné texty jsou dostupné na jednotlivých ústavech Akademie věd ČR.
Assessing a teacher’s competence for implementation of inquiry based mathematics education from a discussion of open geometrical situations

The study is focused on the possibility to assess and develop primary teachers’ abilities to implement some principles of inquiry based mathematics education into their teaching practice. The ...

Roubíček, Filip
Matematický ústav, 2017

Sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous higher grading
Zuevsky, Alexander
2017 - anglický
A construction of equations and solutions for the sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous grading as an example of higher grading a ne Toda models are considered. Klíčová slova: soliton solutions; affine Toda modes; homogeneous sine-Gordon model Plné texty jsou dostupné na vyžádání prostřednictvím repozitáře Akademie věd.
Sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous higher grading

A construction of equations and solutions for the sine-Gordon model in the homogeneous grading as an example of higher grading a ne Toda models are considered.

Zuevsky, Alexander
Matematický ústav, 2017

Courant algebroid connections and string effective actions
Jurčo, B.; Vysoký, Jan
2017 - anglický
Courant algebroids are a natural generalization of quadratic Lie algebras, appearing in various contexts in mathematical physics. A connection on a Courant algebroid gives an analogue of a covariant derivative compatible with a given fiber-wise metric. Imposing further conditions resembling standard Levi-Civita connections, one obtains a class of connections whose curvature tensor in certain cases gives a new geometrical description of equations of motion of low energy effective action of string theory. Two examples are given. One is the so called symplectic gravity, the second one is an application to the the so called heterotic reduction. All necessary definitions, propositions and theorems are given in a detailed and self-contained way. Klíčová slova: Courant algebroid connections; low-energy effective actions; Levi-Civita connections Plné texty jsou dostupné na vyžádání prostřednictvím repozitáře Akademie věd.
Courant algebroid connections and string effective actions

Courant algebroids are a natural generalization of quadratic Lie algebras, appearing in various contexts in mathematical physics. A connection on a Courant algebroid gives an analogue of a covariant ...

Jurčo, B.; Vysoký, Jan
Matematický ústav, 2017

Genus two prime form formula for vertex operator characters
Zuevsky, Alexander
2017 - anglický
We find an expression for the self-sewn genus two Riemann surface counterpart of the torus formula for for an $n$-vertex operator character for the Heisenberg vertex operator algebra an $n$-point correlation function for a vertex operator algebra module with complex parameterization of corresponding states. Klíčová slova: prime forms; vertex operator algebras; correlation functions; prime form identities Plné texty jsou dostupné na jednotlivých ústavech Akademie věd ČR.
Genus two prime form formula for vertex operator characters

We find an expression for the self-sewn genus two Riemann surface counterpart of the torus formula for for an $n$-vertex operator character for the Heisenberg vertex operator algebra an $n$-point ...

Zuevsky, Alexander
Matematický ústav, 2017

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