Počet nalezených dokumentů: 8267
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Zoologické dny Ostrava 2024: sborník abstraktů z konference 8.-9. února 2024.
Drozd, P.; Ožana, S.; Bryja, Josef
2024 - český
Klíčová slova: zoology; conference Dokument je dostupný na externích webových stránkách.
Zoologické dny Ostrava 2024: sborník abstraktů z konference 8.-9. února 2024.

Drozd, P.; Ožana, S.; Bryja, Josef
Ústav biologie obratlovců, 2024

A New Hollow Fiber-Based Liquid-Phase Microextraction Method for the Determination of Antihypertensive Drug Lercanidipine in Biological Samples
Labzova, O.; Hrdlička, Vojtěch; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
2024 - anglický
A new hollow fiber-based liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) method for the determination of antihypertensive drug lercandipine (LCN) in biological samples was developed. HF-LPME was\ncombined with optimized square wave voltammetry (SWV) on a cathodically pre-treated screenprinted boron-doped diamond electrode (SP-BDDE). Optimum HF-LPME conditions were:\nsupported liquid membrane (SLM) dodecane, 0.02 mol L-1 Britton-Robinson buffer (BRB, pH = 3) acceptor phase, BRB (pH = 7) donor phase, and time of extraction 30 min. Limits of quantification (LOQ) and detection (LOD) were 3.3 and 1.1 nmol L-1, respectively. The applicability of the developed method was verified on human urine, blood serum, and blood plasma with 20 and 100 nmol L-1 LCN addition. Klíčová slova: Lercanidipine hydrochloride; Hollow fiber liquid-phase microextraction; Screenprinted boron-doped diamond electrode Plné texty jsou dostupné na vyžádání prostřednictvím repozitáře Akademie věd.
A New Hollow Fiber-Based Liquid-Phase Microextraction Method for the Determination of Antihypertensive Drug Lercanidipine in Biological Samples

A new hollow fiber-based liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) method for the determination of antihypertensive drug lercandipine (LCN) in biological samples was developed. HF-LPME was\ncombined with ...

Labzova, O.; Hrdlička, Vojtěch; Navrátil, Tomáš; Šelešovská, R.
Ústav fyzikální chemie J. Heyrovského, 2024

Development of Polymeric Enantioselective Membranes
Čížek, Jan
2024 - anglický
Enantiomers are molecules that share the same chemical formula but in space form mirror images of each other. Their reactions with other chiral molecules can be remarkably different, which is crucial mainly for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. However, industrialscale synthetic production of enantiomerically pure compounds is not always available. Therefore, the need for pure enantiomeric compounds drives the development and research on various separation methods. However, most methods used on the industrial scale are limited to specific compounds (diastereomeric recrystallization) or generally difficult and/or expensive to scale up (chromatography-related methods). Separation of enantiomers using membranes is promising\nthanks to the easy scalability and continuous operation of membrane processes. Various ideas about how the enantioselective membranes should look like have been published in the last thirty years. The mechanism of enantiomeric separation on a membrane is, however, highly specific, and still requires extensive research. In this work, four types of enantioselective polymeric membranes are presented. Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Development of Polymeric Enantioselective Membranes

Enantiomers are molecules that share the same chemical formula but in space form mirror images of each other. Their reactions with other chiral molecules can be remarkably different, which is crucial ...

Čížek, Jan
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Synthesis of Fluorinated Methyl β-Lactosides
Krčil, Aleš
2024 - anglický
In my contribution, I will describe the synthesis of a complete series of mono-deoxyfluorinated methyl β-lactosides (1–7). Their affinity towards hgals will be determined by analytical method ELISA. The synthesis relies on monosaccharide building blocks, which serves as key intermediates that are transformed into the target products through glycosylation followed by final deprotection steps. Klíčová slova: flurinated carbohydrates; galectin; deoxyfluorination Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Synthesis of Fluorinated Methyl β-Lactosides

In my contribution, I will describe the synthesis of a complete series of mono-deoxyfluorinated methyl β-lactosides (1–7). Their affinity towards hgals will be determined by analytical method ELISA. ...

Krčil, Aleš
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Investigation of Mechanical Processing of Solar Photovoltaic Panels
Šperlich, Antonín
2024 - anglický
This work aims to describe the possibilities of mechanical treatment of solar photovoltaic panels. In the first part, the shredding and milling process for the transformation of the product (whole panel) into material that can be further processed, was investigated. Milled material was sieved and analyzed. It was observed that this shredding also works as a selective grinding because three main products were produced. The second part of this work was aimed at the physical concentration of silver in real samples of milled solar photovoltaic panels by Knelson separator. This device (type of centrifugal separator) showed the ability to significantly increase the amount of silver in the outcome stream. Klíčová slova: solar photovoltaic panels; selective milling; Knelson Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Investigation of Mechanical Processing of Solar Photovoltaic Panels

This work aims to describe the possibilities of mechanical treatment of solar photovoltaic panels. In the first part, the shredding and milling process for the transformation of the product (whole ...

Šperlich, Antonín
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Axial Dispersion and Mass Transfer in Bubble Column
Terentyak, Mark
2024 - anglický
The objective of the study is to experimentally investigate axial dispersion and mass transfer within a bubble column, examining their mutual interrelation\nand their correlation with operational parameters and AR1. Klíčová slova: bubble column; axial dispersion; mass transfer Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Axial Dispersion and Mass Transfer in Bubble Column

The objective of the study is to experimentally investigate axial dispersion and mass transfer within a bubble column, examining their mutual interrelation\nand their correlation with operational ...

Terentyak, Mark
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Exploring Bubble Dynamics with VOF Method Simulations: Insights from Two Fundamental Gas-Liquid Flow Case Studies
Harrandt, Václav
2024 - anglický
The present study focuses on the flow of Taylor bubbles, representing the interaction between the channel wall and the gas phase, and the collision of\na bubble with a vortex ring, serving as a model liquid-gas interaction. Understanding the former case can be essential to prevent the membrane\nfouling or the flow induced corrosion. The dynamics of the latter case is the predictive criterion for whether the initial mother bubble will break up into the daughter bubbles or not2 and this process can therefore be used as an idealized model of turbulent bubble flow. Klíčová slova: bubble dynamics; multiphase interaction,; numerical simulation Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Exploring Bubble Dynamics with VOF Method Simulations: Insights from Two Fundamental Gas-Liquid Flow Case Studies

The present study focuses on the flow of Taylor bubbles, representing the interaction between the channel wall and the gas phase, and the collision of\na bubble with a vortex ring, serving as a model ...

Harrandt, Václav
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

The Influence of Geometric Parameters of 3D Printed Structured Beds on Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Trickle-Bed Reactor
Nyklíčková, Kateřina
2024 - anglický
The study examines a parametric set of POCS structures, where cubic cell is the basic element. The parameters such as strut diameter sd and cell size cs were varied1. These modifications are implemented with an emphasis on maintaining similar porosity and specific surface area for these structures. Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři Akademie Věd.
The Influence of Geometric Parameters of 3D Printed Structured Beds on Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Trickle-Bed Reactor

The study examines a parametric set of POCS structures, where cubic cell is the basic element. The parameters such as strut diameter sd and cell size cs were varied1. These modifications are ...

Nyklíčková, Kateřina
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

Surfactant-free silver nanofluids as liquid systems with neuromorphic potential
Nikitin, D.; Biliak, K.; Lemke, J.; Protsak, M.; Pleskunov, P.; Tosca, M.; Ali-Ogly, S.; Červenková, V.; Adejube, B.; Bajtošová, L.; Černochová, Zulfiya; Prokeš, J.; Křivka, I.; Biederman, H.; Faupel, F.; Vahl, A.; Choukourov, A.
2024 - anglický
Neuromorphic engineering is a rapidly developing branch of science that aims to implement the unique attributes of biological neural networks in artificial devices. Most neuromorphic devices are based on the resistive switching effect, which involves changing the device’s conductivity in response to an external electric field. For instance, percolating nanoparticle (NP) networks produced by gas aggregation cluster sources (GAS) show collective spiking behavior in conductivity reminiscent of brain-like dynamics. Nevertheless, the problem of dynamic spatial reconfiguration in solid-state neuromorphic systems remains unsolved. Herein, novel nanofluids with resistive switching properties are proposed as neuromorphic media. They are produced by depositing silver NPs from GAS into vacuum-compatible liquids (paraffin, silicon oil, and PEG) without the use of surfactants or other chemicals. When the electric field is applied between two electrodes, the migration of NPs toward biased electrode is detected in all liquids. The electrophoretic nature of the NP movement was proved by means of ζ-potential measurements. Such movement led to the self-assembly of NPs in conductive paths connecting the electrodes and, as a result, to resistive switching. The electrical response was strongly dependent on the dielectric constant of the base liquid. The Ag-PEG nanofluid demonstrated the best switching performance reproducible during several tens of current-voltage cycles. The growth of flexible and reconfigurable conductive filaments in nanofluids makes them suitable media for potential realization of 3D neural networks. Klíčová slova: nanofluid; gas aggregation cluster source; ζ-potential, electrophoresis Plné texty jsou dostupné na jednotlivých ústavech Akademie věd ČR.
Surfactant-free silver nanofluids as liquid systems with neuromorphic potential

Neuromorphic engineering is a rapidly developing branch of science that aims to implement the unique attributes of biological neural networks in artificial devices. Most neuromorphic devices are based ...

Nikitin, D.; Biliak, K.; Lemke, J.; Protsak, M.; Pleskunov, P.; Tosca, M.; Ali-Ogly, S.; Červenková, V.; Adejube, B.; Bajtošová, L.; Černochová, Zulfiya; Prokeš, J.; Křivka, I.; Biederman, H.; Faupel, F.; Vahl, A.; Choukourov, A.
Ústav makromolekulární chemie, 2024

Emerging Contaminants in Sewage Sludge: Analysis and Their Removal by Pyrolysis
Hušek, Matěj
2024 - anglický
The study continues with flame retardants (e.g., phosphorus-based or brominated) present in sludge, which may pose a hazard to nature and human health3,4. There is a lack of information on their pyrolysis removal and occurrence in the sludge in the Czech Republic. Klíčová slova: sewage sludge; pyrolysis; PFAS; flame retardants Plné texty jsou dostupné v digitálním repozitáři NUŠL
Emerging Contaminants in Sewage Sludge: Analysis and Their Removal by Pyrolysis

The study continues with flame retardants (e.g., phosphorus-based or brominated) present in sludge, which may pose a hazard to nature and human health3,4. There is a lack of information on their ...

Hušek, Matěj
Ústav chemických procesů, 2024

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