Number of found documents: 7511
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Multinuclear NMR Spectroscopy of Azo Dyes: NMR Metabolomics Study of the Association between Pancreatic Cancer and Diabetes Mellrtus.
Michálková, Lenka; Horník, Štěpán; Sýkora, Jan; Habartová, L.; Setnička, V.
2019 - English
In our study, 1H NMR metabolomics was employed to plasma samples of pancreatic cancer patients, individuals with long-term diabetes mellitus type 2 (lasting more than 5 years) and healthy controls. The NMR analyses were followed by establishing a statistical model based on principal component analysis and discriminant analysis. The aim was to discover differences between these groups and to define a potential biomarker panel. The statistical evaluation of metabolomics-based profiles provided high values of sensitivity and specificity. Subsequently, plasma samples of the risk group, specifically patients with recently diagnosed diabetes mellitus with a duration of <3 years (possible T3cDM), were analysed and the possibility of PC development was predicted. The achieved results showed strong potential of 1H NMR metabolomics to establish a biomarker panel that would facilitate the early diagnosis of PC and the possibility identify diabetic individuals, who are at risk of developing PC. Keywords: pancreatic cancer; nmr analyses; biomarker panel Available in a digital repository NRGL
Multinuclear NMR Spectroscopy of Azo Dyes: NMR Metabolomics Study of the Association between Pancreatic Cancer and Diabetes Mellrtus.

In our study, 1H NMR metabolomics was employed to plasma samples of pancreatic cancer patients, individuals with long-term diabetes mellitus type 2 (lasting more than 5 years) and healthy controls. ...

Michálková, Lenka; Horník, Štěpán; Sýkora, Jan; Habartová, L.; Setnička, V.
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

Dialytic Separation of Anions from DMSO Solution Facilitated by dendritic Receptors.
Cuřínová, Petra; Winkler, Maximilian; Krupková, Alena; Budka, J.; Wun, Ch.N.; Blechta, Vratislav; Červenková Šťastná, Lucie; Sýkora, Jan; Strašák, Tomáš
2019 - English
As the dialytic tubing is impermeable for big molecules of receptor, the anions crossing the barrier of dialytic tubing to form complex with the receptor stay entrapped inside and can be removed from the solution. NMR methods were used to study the complexation properties of given receptors as well as to determine the concentration changes during dialytic experiments. Keywords: anions; receptor; dialytic experiments Available in a digital repository NRGL
Dialytic Separation of Anions from DMSO Solution Facilitated by dendritic Receptors.

As the dialytic tubing is impermeable for big molecules of receptor, the anions crossing the barrier of dialytic tubing to form complex with the receptor stay entrapped inside and can be removed from ...

Cuřínová, Petra; Winkler, Maximilian; Krupková, Alena; Budka, J.; Wun, Ch.N.; Blechta, Vratislav; Červenková Šťastná, Lucie; Sýkora, Jan; Strašák, Tomáš
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

Spatial heterogeneity of selected soil properties assessed from airborne imaging spectroscopy and satellite imagery data
Zemek, František; Pikl, Miroslav; Lukas, Vojtěch; Ždímal, V.; Kraus, M.; Širůček, P.
2019 - Czech
The methodology aims at presenting new and economically efficient approaches to assessment of spatial heterogeneity of selected properties of bare soils. There are three key features the authors paid attention: 1/the simplicity in usage with keeping sufficient accuracy, 2/data availability, 3/economic aspects allowing application to many users. The methodology covers two complementary parts. The first one gives an overview of laboratory and field soil spectroscopy. It is followed by a detail description of practical application of airborne hyperspectral and satellite multispectral data in assessment of spatial heterogeneity of bare soils. All applied methods have been developed and tested on scale of medium size farm. Cílem metodiky je prezentace nových a ekonomicky efektivních metod a postupů vhodných k hodnocení plošné homogenity vybraných půdních vlastností pozemků jako základu pro optimalizaci výživného režimu plodin. Hlavní důraz byl kladen na reálnou aplikovatelnost metodiky, tedy: 1/přiměřenou jednoduchost proveditelnosti při zachování dostatečné spolehlivosti výsledků pro uživatele na úrovni agronoma specialisty, 2/dostupnost potřebných dat, 3/ekonomický aspekt uplatnění pro široký okruh uživatelů. Metodicky je uživatel seznámen s principy laboratorní a pozemní spektroskopie půd a pak jsou uvedeny postupy využití leteckých hyperspektrálních a satelitních multispektrálních dat k hodnocení plošné heterogenity vybraných půdních vlastností. Všechny postupy byly ověřeny na plošné a provozní úrovni středního zemědělského podniky. Keywords: soil properties, soil heterogeneity; soil heterogeneity; remote sensing Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Spatial heterogeneity of selected soil properties assessed from airborne imaging spectroscopy and satellite imagery data

The methodology aims at presenting new and economically efficient approaches to assessment of spatial heterogeneity of selected properties of bare soils. There are three key features the authors paid ...

Zemek, František; Pikl, Miroslav; Lukas, Vojtěch; Ždímal, V.; Kraus, M.; Širůček, P.
Ústav výzkumu globální změny , 2019

A method for the use of nanofiber scaffolds and stem cells for the treatment of severe damages of the ocular surface
Zajícová, Alena; Javorková, Eliška; Holáň, Vladimír
2019 - Czech
The method describes a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of severe ocular injuries in veterinary medicine. The protocol is based on a cultivation of stem cells and their transfer using nanofiber scaffolds onto damaged ocular surface. This method can be used in the cases when other available treatment options are not sufficient or cannot be used. Metodika popisuje nový léčebný postup pro léčbu závažných poškození očního povrchu ve veterinární medicíně. Postup je založen na kultivaci kmenových buněk a na jejich přenosu pomocí nanovlákenných nosičů na poškozený oční povrch. Metoda je využitelná v případech, kde již jiné dostupné formy léčby nejsou úspěšné. Keywords: nanofiber carriers; stem cells; ocular surface injuries; therapeutic methods; veterinary medicine Available at various institutes of the ASCR
A method for the use of nanofiber scaffolds and stem cells for the treatment of severe damages of the ocular surface

The method describes a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of severe ocular injuries in veterinary medicine. The protocol is based on a cultivation of stem cells and their transfer using ...

Zajícová, Alena; Javorková, Eliška; Holáň, Vladimír
Ústav experimentální medicíny, 2019

Versatile Receptor Moieties for Anion Recognition and Structural Features Thereof.
Cuřínová, Petra; Salvadori, K.
2019 - English
This work is directed towards obtaining of receptor moieties containing a complexaciton site based on urea moiety, derivatized by suplhonamidic aromatics, which can be attached to a carrier. Keywords: receptor moieties; urea; derivatization Available in a digital repository NRGL
Versatile Receptor Moieties for Anion Recognition and Structural Features Thereof.

This work is directed towards obtaining of receptor moieties containing a complexaciton site based on urea moiety, derivatized by suplhonamidic aromatics, which can be attached to a carrier.

Cuřínová, Petra; Salvadori, K.
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

Metabolomics Study of the Association between Pancreatic Cancer and Diabetes Mellitus.
Michálková, Lenka; Horník, Štěpán; Sýkora, Jan; Habartová, L.; Setnička, V.
2019 - English
In our study, 1H NMR metabolomics was employed to plasma samples of pancreatic cancer patients, individuals with long-term diabetes mellitus type 2 (lasting more than 5 years) and healthy controls. The NMR analyses were followed by establishing a statistical model based on principal component analysis and discriminant analysis. The aim was to discover differences between these groups and to define a potential biomarker panel. The statistical evaluation of metabolomics-based profiles provided high values of sensitivity and specificity. Subsequently, plasma samples of the risk group, specifically patients with recently diagnosed diabetes mellitus with a duration of <3 years (possible T3cDM), were analysed and the possibility of PC development was predicted. The achieved results showed strong potential of 1H NMR metabolomics to establish a biomarker panel that would facilitate the early diagnosis of PC and the possibility identify diabetic individuals, who are at risk of developing PC. Keywords: pancreatic cancer; nmr metabolomics; biomarker panel Available in a digital repository NRGL
Metabolomics Study of the Association between Pancreatic Cancer and Diabetes Mellitus.

In our study, 1H NMR metabolomics was employed to plasma samples of pancreatic cancer patients, individuals with long-term diabetes mellitus type 2 (lasting more than 5 years) and healthy controls. ...

Michálková, Lenka; Horník, Štěpán; Sýkora, Jan; Habartová, L.; Setnička, V.
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

Use of Sodium Bicarbonate for Flue Gas Treatment in Small Scale.
Zach, Boleslav; Pohořelý, Michael; Šyc, Michal; Svoboda, Karel; Václavková, Šárka; Moško, Jaroslav; Brynda, Jiří; Punčochář, Miroslav
2019 - Czech
The trend of reduction of landfilling can lead, especially in areas with low population density, to the need to build new waste-to-energy capacities in the form of small units. However, flue gas treatment in small scale has to be sufficiently simple to decrease capital costs and allow the construction of such facilities. For that reason, the possibility of one-step dry flue gas treatment at compromise conditions was investigated as well as the limitation of flue gas composition.\n\n Trend omezování skládkování může vést, například v oblastech nízkou hustotou zalidnění, k nutnosti vzniku malých zařízení na energetické využití odpadu. V případě malých zařízení je však nutné, aby byl systém čištění spalin dostatečně jednoduchý a náklady na něj nebránily vzniku takových zařízení. Proto byla zkoumána možnost suchého jednokrokového čištění spalin a limitace vycházející ze složení spalin a kompromisních podmínek čištění. Keywords: flue gas treatment; dry sorption; sodium bicarbonate Available in a digital repository NRGL
Use of Sodium Bicarbonate for Flue Gas Treatment in Small Scale.

The trend of reduction of landfilling can lead, especially in areas with low population density, to the need to build new waste-to-energy capacities in the form of small units. However, flue gas ...

Zach, Boleslav; Pohořelý, Michael; Šyc, Michal; Svoboda, Karel; Václavková, Šárka; Moško, Jaroslav; Brynda, Jiří; Punčochář, Miroslav
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

Biochar Preparation in Quality of Activated Carbon via Pyrolysis of Hemp Waste
Šrámek, V.; Staf, M.; Pohořelý, Michael
2019 - Czech
The paper describes the preparation of adsorbents with the properties of activated carbon from biomass waste. Prime feedstock are hemp stems and a referential material is hardwood. The preparation is divided in two phases. The first phase includes pyrolysis in the temperature range 450-850 °C in the horizontal furnace and in the second phase the pyrolysed material is activated with steam and carbon dioxide in a vertical reactor. Finally, biochar was analyzed and relevant properties including BET surface and pore size distribution were determined to appoint suitable operational conditions for the biochar production in quality of activated carbon.\n Příspěvek pojednává o přípravě adsorpčních materiálů na bázi aktivního uhlí z odpadní biomasy. Primární surovinou je pazdeří z technického konopí a refernčním materiálem je tvrdé dřevo. Jedná se o dvoustupňovou přípravu, kdy v první fázi dochází k pyrolýze v teplotním intervalu 450-850 °C v horizontální peci a v druhé fázi dochází k aktivaci vodní parou a oxidem uhličitým ve vertikálním reaktoru. U biocharu byly stanoveny relevantní materiálové vlastnosti mj. BET povrch a distribuce velikosti pórů s cílem nalézt nejvhodnější provozní podmínky pro výrobu biocharu v kvalitě aktivního uhlí. Keywords: pyrolysis; biochar; activated carbon Available in a digital repository NRGL
Biochar Preparation in Quality of Activated Carbon via Pyrolysis of Hemp Waste

The paper describes the preparation of adsorbents with the properties of activated carbon from biomass waste. Prime feedstock are hemp stems and a referential material is hardwood. The preparation is ...

Šrámek, V.; Staf, M.; Pohořelý, Michael
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

Advanced Treatment Methods for Incineration Bottom Ash.
Šyc, Michal; Baloch, T.; Veselý, Václav; Zuda, M.
2019 - Czech
Bottom ash is main solid residue from waste-to-energy. Recent development and trends change the approach to IBA, it is no longer regarded as unwanted waste from WtE plant but can be considered a valuable secondary source for several materials like ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Mineral residue after metal separation can be used in construction industry, e.g. as aggregates substitute for bound or unbound applications such as subbase layer for road construction. The paper summarizes results of recent activities for bottom ash utilization in WtE plant in Prague within last few years. Hlavní pevný výstup z energetického využití odpadů je škvára. Náhled na škváru jako na nežádoucí odpad se v poslední době změnil i díky přechodu na cirkulární ekonomiku, neboť škvára obsahuje velké množství železných a neželezných kovů. Škvára po separaci kovů lze úspěšně využít jako náhradu primárních surovin v různých stavebních aplikacích. Příspěvek sumarizuje výsledky aktivit pro využití škváry v rámci ZEVO Malešice z posledních let. Keywords: bottom ash; metal recovery; recycling Available in a digital repository NRGL
Advanced Treatment Methods for Incineration Bottom Ash.

Bottom ash is main solid residue from waste-to-energy. Recent development and trends change the approach to IBA, it is no longer regarded as unwanted waste from WtE plant but can be considered a ...

Šyc, Michal; Baloch, T.; Veselý, Václav; Zuda, M.
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

NMR Aerosolomics as a Tool to Distinguish Various Types of Aerosol Samples.
Horník, Štěpán; Schwarz, Jaroslav; Ždímal, Vladimír; Sýkora, Jan
2019 - English
In the recent study, the summer and winter aerosol samples were analyzed using NMR aerosolomics approach. The samples were collected in Prague-Suchdol during summer 2008 and winter 2009 in two different particle size fractions - PM2.5 and PM 10. Around 50 compounds were identified in each aerosol spectrum owing to the comprehensive library. The profile of 86 identified compounds, which were identified in the samples altogether, served as an input data for statistical analysis. Multivariate statistical analysis clearly discriminates the two groups studied. Furthermore, it is possible to determine the most significant compounds. Keywords: atmospheric aerosols; organic compounds; analysis Available in a digital repository NRGL
NMR Aerosolomics as a Tool to Distinguish Various Types of Aerosol Samples.

In the recent study, the summer and winter aerosol samples were analyzed using NMR aerosolomics approach. The samples were collected in Prague-Suchdol during summer 2008 and winter 2009 in two ...

Horník, Štěpán; Schwarz, Jaroslav; Ždímal, Vladimír; Sýkora, Jan
Ústav chemických procesů, 2019

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