Number of found documents: 8116
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he Appropriation of Folk rhetoric and the Genre of the (Folk) Fairytale of the 19th century
Šidák, Pavel
2020 - Czech
The essay describes the appropriation of the folk fairytale in Czech artistic literature. The related phenomena and problems are also discussed. In the first half of the 19th century, when the fairytale was appropriated as a genre, this was mainly about finding a functional spot for the fairytale and its genre form. In the second half of the century, it was about the term “modus”, which the fairytale used to influence so-called high literature and its narrative strategy. Studie popisuje podobu apropriace lidové pohádky do české umělecké literatury. Zároveň jsou tematizovány související jevy či problémy. V první polovině 19. století, kdy je apropriována pohádka jako žánr, jde zejména o hledání funkčního místa pohádky a též jejího žánrového tvaru. Ve druhé polovině století pak jde o pojme „modus“, jímž pohádka ovlivňuje tzv. vysokou literaturu, a o jeho narativní strategie. Keywords: appropriation; folk fairytale; narrative strategy Available at various institutes of the ASCR
he Appropriation of Folk rhetoric and the Genre of the (Folk) Fairytale of the 19th century

The essay describes the appropriation of the folk fairytale in Czech artistic literature. The related phenomena and problems are also discussed. In the first half of the 19th century, when the ...

Šidák, Pavel
Ústav pro českou literaturu, 2020

The City Dweller´s Distrust of Folk. The Narrative Figure
Jedličková, Alice
2020 - Czech
This paper focuses on a strategy used to represent rural people, or “simple folk,” in narratives whose goal is to motivate readers to reassess their own attitudes towards the folk. The authorial intent of such works draws from the idea that traditional values are not appreciated and therefore must be discovered and protected (e.g., language, the past, the rural folk). Urban dwellers’ prejudiced perception of the countryside represented in such narratives can be simply formulated through contrasting images: for example, the progress, education, and conveniences offered by the city versus the backwardness, ignorance, and poverty of the countryside. This strategy is based on the distrustful or dismissive views of city people towards the folk as implicitly voiced by the narrator or by a specific character in the narrative. In contrast, we also find rather explicit counterarguments against these views in the speech of the narrator or in the speech, actions, and behaviors of the characters. In rural-themed prose from the 1850s through the 1870s, the subject matter of this study, this constellation of ideas and opposing ideas is regularly reflected in both the story and the narrative discourse and forms a stable narrative device, which substantially contributes to forming the narrative point-of-view and its effectiveness in persuading readers. In some works, this narrative device permeates the entire text and affects its genre; in Božena Němcová’s short story “Poor Folk” the “slice of life” genre intertwines with the genre of argument: every situation presented is in some regards an argument against the previously established idea that “city people distrust the folk.” Příspěvek se zaměřuje na motivační strategii reprezentace venkovského lidu, resp. prostého člověka. Ta vychází z předpokládaného nebo aktuálně formulovaného nedůvěřivého či přezíravého postoje měšťana k lidu, který je třeba změnit. Ideovým základem je přitom představa tradičních hodnot, které nejsou doceněny a je třeba je objevovat a chránit (jazyk, minulost, venkovský lid); vztah města a venkova lze přitom formulovat jako celou řadu (skutečný stav věcí samozřejmě poněkud zjednodušujících) opozic: pokrok, vzdělanost, vymoženosti proti zaostalosti, nevzdělanosti, chudobě atp. V próze s venkovskou tematikou se ve sledovaném období 50.–70. let 19. století se předpoklad nedůvěry či nadřazenosti měšťana ustaluje v narativní figuru, která podstatným způsobem formuje komunikační situaci vyprávění. V jednotlivých případech zasahuje i celý text a mění tak jeho žánrový profil: v próze Boženy Němcové Chudí lidé se na půdoryse obrazu ze života uplatňuje metoda polemiky („argumentu“): jednotlivé situace představují v jistém smyslu argument proti nastolené představě „nedůvěry měšťana v lid“. Keywords: narrative; narrative genres; argument; rhetorical and narrative devices; persuasion; Božena Němcová; Vítězslav Hálek; Josef Kajetán Tyl Available at various institutes of the ASCR
The City Dweller´s Distrust of Folk. The Narrative Figure

This paper focuses on a strategy used to represent rural people, or “simple folk,” in narratives whose goal is to motivate readers to reassess their own attitudes towards the folk. The authorial ...

Jedličková, Alice
Ústav pro českou literaturu, 2020

Methodology of Identification of Original Owners of Movable Cultural Property Expropriated according to Decrees of the President of the Republic to Citizens of German Nationality in Czechoslovakia After World War II
Uhlíková, Kristina; Uhlík, Jan; Císařová, Jitka; Homolová, Dita; Bakeš, Martin; Marešová, Jana; Radostová, Šárka
2020 - Czech
The methodology deals with the issue of culturally valuable furniture expropriated on the basis of decrees of the President of the Republic in 1945 to citizens of German nationality in Czechoslovakia. Its aim is to describe the most effective procedures and practices for identifying provenance of this property with a focus on the last owner before confiscation. Metodika se věnuje problematice kulturně historicky cenného mobiliáře vyvlastněného na základě dekretů prezidenta republiky v roce 1945 občanům německé národnosti na území Československa. Jejím cílem je popis nejúčinnějších postupů a praktik vedoucích k identifikaci jeho provenience se zaměřením na posledního majitele před konfiskací. Keywords: decrees of the President of the Republic; furniture; provenience research; confiscation; history of monument care Available in a digital repository NRGL
Methodology of Identification of Original Owners of Movable Cultural Property Expropriated according to Decrees of the President of the Republic to Citizens of German Nationality in Czechoslovakia After World War II

The methodology deals with the issue of culturally valuable furniture expropriated on the basis of decrees of the President of the Republic in 1945 to citizens of German nationality in Czechoslovakia. ...

Uhlíková, Kristina; Uhlík, Jan; Císařová, Jitka; Homolová, Dita; Bakeš, Martin; Marešová, Jana; Radostová, Šárka
Ústav dějin umění, 2020

Citizens on Conflict in Syria – December 2018
Hanzlová, Radka
2019 - Czech
In December survey (2018) the Public Opinion Research Centre focused on the conflict in Syria. The survey examined how Czech public is interested in the story of Syria's conflict, what Czech citizens think of some possibilities for the Czech Republic to participate in the process of resolving the situation in Syria and how they perceive the impact of the conflict on Czech, European and global safety. V prosincovém šetření (2018) CVVM SOÚ AV ČR, v.v.i., položilo všem dotázaným několik otázek týkajících se aktuálního vývoje konfliktu v Sýrii. Šetření zjišťovalo, zda se občané o vývoj konfliktu v Sýrii zajímají, jaké jsou jejich postoje k různým formám možného zapojení České republiky do řešení tamní situace a jak vnímají dopad syrské situace na českou, evropskou a světovou bezpečnost. Keywords: Syria; war conflict Fulltext is available at external website.
Citizens on Conflict in Syria – December 2018

In December survey (2018) the Public Opinion Research Centre focused on the conflict in Syria. The survey examined how Czech public is interested in the story of Syria's conflict, what Czech citizens ...

Hanzlová, Radka
Sociologický ústav, 2019

Likely voter model in June 2019
Pilnáček, Matouš
2019 - Czech
In a survey conducted by Public Opinion Research Centre in June 2019, we investigated how people trust to political Parties and whether they are willing to take part in elections to the Chamber of Deputies. In the press release there are two different types of information: the likely voter model and the party preferences. The likely voter model indicates anticipated result of hypothetical elections to the Chamber of Deputies in the time of conducting the survey. The party preferences give us information about public sympathy for political parties in the group of citizens who have voting right and there is also included a part of citizens who will not take part in elections or they do not know who to vote for. V šetření realizovaném v červnu 2019 CVVM tradičně zjišťovalo podporu politických stran ve veřejnosti a ochotu zúčastnit se parlamentních voleb. V tiskové zprávě jsou publikovány dva odlišné typy informací: volební model a stranické preference. Volební model naznačuje předpokládané výsledky hypotetických voleb do Poslanecké sněmovny PČR v období konání výzkumu.Stranické preference vypovídají o sympatiích k politickým stranám v souboru všech občanů s volebním oprávněním, tj. i těch, kteří k volbám nepůjdou nebo nevědí, koho by volili. Keywords: political Parties; elections; Chamber of Deputies Fulltext is available at external website.
Likely voter model in June 2019

In a survey conducted by Public Opinion Research Centre in June 2019, we investigated how people trust to political Parties and whether they are willing to take part in elections to the Chamber of ...

Pilnáček, Matouš
Sociologický ústav, 2019

Attitudes of Czech Public to Their Jobs – June 2019
Spurný, Martin
2019 - Czech
June's survey of CVVM asked questions regarding the relationship of workers to their jobs. On the one hand, the survey focused on the topics such as job satisfaction, perception of workplace climate and subjective evaluation of adequacy of earnings. On the other hand, the aim was also to determine the proportion of workers considering the possibility of changing their job and what they think about the probability of job loss. V červnovém šetření se CVVM více zaměřilo na téma zaměstnanosti a nezaměstnanosti. Všem pracujícím jsme pokládali otázky týkající se spokojenosti se zaměstnáním, vnímání atmosféry na pracovišti a subjektivního hodnocení přiměřenosti výše příjmu. Dále bylo zjišťováno, jaký podíl pracujících momentálně uvažuje o změně zaměstnání a za jak pravděpodobnou je pokládána možnost ztráty práce. Keywords: jobs; satisfaction; earnings; work Fulltext is available at external website.
Attitudes of Czech Public to Their Jobs – June 2019

June's survey of CVVM asked questions regarding the relationship of workers to their jobs. On the one hand, the survey focused on the topics such as job satisfaction, perception of workplace climate ...

Spurný, Martin
Sociologický ústav, 2019

Citizens on Economic Situation of the Czech Republic and Living Standard of Their Households - June 2019
Červenka, Jan
2019 - Czech
According to the June 2019 survey of CVVM, 51% of people evaluate the current economic situation in the Czech Republic as good, 33% view it as neither good nor bad, and 14% consider it to be bad. 14% of citizens think that the economic situation will improve in this year, 48% expect no change, and 30% await worsening of economic situation. 53% of Czechs evaluate the living standard of their household as good, 10% consider it to be bad, and 37% characterize it as neither good, nor bad. V červnovém šetření CVVM SOÚ AV ČR položilo všem dotázaným tři otázky týkající se hodnocení současné ekonomické situace v ČR, očekávání vývoje ekonomické situace v příštím roce a hodnocení životní úrovně jejich domácností. Keywords: economic situation; living standard Fulltext is available at external website.
Citizens on Economic Situation of the Czech Republic and Living Standard of Their Households - June 2019

According to the June 2019 survey of CVVM, 51% of people evaluate the current economic situation in the Czech Republic as good, 33% view it as neither good nor bad, and 14% consider it to be bad. 14% ...

Červenka, Jan
Sociologický ústav, 2019

Citizens on Material Living Conditions of Their Households - June 2019
Červenka, Jan
2019 - Czech
In the June 2019 survey the Public Opinion Research Centre examined two questions related to evaluation of material living conditions of respondent's households, and to expectation of development of these conditions in this year. More than one half (51%) of Czechs evaluates material living conditions of their households as good, 10% consider them to be bad, and 39% think they are "neither good, nor bad". 57% of Czechs expect no change of their current material living conditions, according to 22% they will improve, and 17% think that material living conditions of their households will worsen in this year. V červnovém šetření CVVM SOÚ AV ČR, v.v.i., položilo všem dotázaným dvě otázky týkající se hodnocení materiálních životních podmínek jejich domácností a očekávání vývoje těchto podmínek v tomto roce. Keywords: material living conditions; households Fulltext is available at external website.
Citizens on Material Living Conditions of Their Households - June 2019

In the June 2019 survey the Public Opinion Research Centre examined two questions related to evaluation of material living conditions of respondent's households, and to expectation of development of ...

Červenka, Jan
Sociologický ústav, 2019

Czech Public on Unemployment - June 2019
Tuček, Milan
2019 - Czech
In June survey CVVM investigated opinions of Czech citizens related to the level and the future trend in unemployment in the Czech Republic as well as to the situation on labour-market in the place of their living. V červnovém šetření se CVVM zabývalo problematikou nezaměstnanosti. Podle zjištění ČSÚ je v současnosti nejnižší míra nezaměstnanosti za posledních 11 let, takže problémem je spíše nedostatek pracovních sil. Součástí pravidelně po roce se opakujícího šetření nezaměstnanosti byl blok otázek mapující názory občanů na současnou úroveň nezaměstnanosti v naší zemi, na její další vývoj, na důvod nezaměstnanosti a na obtížnost nalezení nové práce v místě bydliště. Keywords: unemployment; households; labour-market Fulltext is available at external website.
Czech Public on Unemployment - June 2019

In June survey CVVM investigated opinions of Czech citizens related to the level and the future trend in unemployment in the Czech Republic as well as to the situation on labour-market in the place of ...

Tuček, Milan
Sociologický ústav, 2019

Citizens on Economic Situation of the Czech Republic and Living Standard of Their Households - May 2019
Červenka, Jan
2019 - Czech
According to the May survey of CVVM, 45% of people evaluate the current economic situation in the Czech Republic as good, 37% view it as neither good nor bad, and 16% consider it to be bad. 55% of Czechs evaluate the living standard of their household as good, 11% consider it to be bad, and 34% characterize it as neither good, nor bad. V květnovém šetření CVVM SOÚ AV ČR položilo všem dotázaným dvě otázky týkající se hodnocení současné ekonomické situace v ČR a hodnocení životní úrovně jejich domácností. Keywords: economic situation; living standard Fulltext is available at external website.
Citizens on Economic Situation of the Czech Republic and Living Standard of Their Households - May 2019

According to the May survey of CVVM, 45% of people evaluate the current economic situation in the Czech Republic as good, 37% view it as neither good nor bad, and 16% consider it to be bad. 55% of ...

Červenka, Jan
Sociologický ústav, 2019

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