Number of found documents: 15618
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City simulation software for modeling, planning, and strategic assessment of territorial city units
Svítek, M.; Přibyl, O.; Vorel, J.; Garlík, B.; Resler, Jaroslav; Kozhevnikov, S.; Krč, Pavel; Geletič, Jan; Daniel, Milan; Dostál, R.; Janča, T.; Myška, V.; Aralkina, O.; Pereira, A. M.
2021 - English
The Smart Resilience City concept is a new vision of a city as a digital platform and eco-system of smart services where agents of people, things, documents, robots, and other entities can directly negotiate with each other on resource demand principals providing the best possible solution. It creates the smart environment making possible self-organization in sustainable or, when needed, resilient way of individuals, groups and the whole system objectives. Available on request at various institutes of the ASCR
City simulation software for modeling, planning, and strategic assessment of territorial city units

The Smart Resilience City concept is a new vision of a city as a digital platform and eco-system of smart services where agents of people, things, documents, robots, and other entities can directly ...

Svítek, M.; Přibyl, O.; Vorel, J.; Garlík, B.; Resler, Jaroslav; Kozhevnikov, S.; Krč, Pavel; Geletič, Jan; Daniel, Milan; Dostál, R.; Janča, T.; Myška, V.; Aralkina, O.; Pereira, A. M.
Ústav informatiky, 2021

Mathematics and Optimal control theory meet Pharmacy: Towards application of special techniques in modeling, control and optimization of biochemical networks
Papáček, Štěpán; Matonoha, Ctirad; Duintjer Tebbens, Jurjen
2021 - English
Similarly to other scienti c domains, the expenses related to in silico modeling in pharmacology need not be extensively apologized. Vis a vis both in vitro and in vivo experiments, physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) and pharmacodynamic models represent an important tool for the assessment of drug safety before its approval, as well as a viable option in designing dosing regimens. In this contribution, some special techniques related to the mathematical modeling, control and optimization of biochemical networks are presented on a paradigmatic example of enzyme kinetics. Keywords: Dynamical system; Systems pharmacology; Biochemical network; Input-output regulation; Optimization Fulltext is available at external website.
Mathematics and Optimal control theory meet Pharmacy: Towards application of special techniques in modeling, control and optimization of biochemical networks

Similarly to other scienti c domains, the expenses related to in silico modeling in pharmacology need not be extensively apologized. Vis a vis both in vitro and in vivo experiments, ...

Papáček, Štěpán; Matonoha, Ctirad; Duintjer Tebbens, Jurjen
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2021

SNA'21 - Seminar on Numerical Analysis
Starý, Jiří; Sysala, Stanislav; Sysalová, Dagmar
2021 - English
Seminar on Numerical Analysis 2021 (SNA'21) is the 15th meeting in aseries of SNA events.The previous meetings were held in Ostrava 2003, 2005, Monínec 2006,Ostrava 2007,Liberec 2008,Ostrava 2009,Nové Hrady 2010, Rožnov 2011, Liberec 2012, Rožnov 2013, Nymburk 2014, Ostrava 2015, 2017, and 2019. SNA events help to bring together the Czech research community working in the field of numerical mathematics and computer simulations.The scope of the seminar ranges from mathematical modelling and simulation of challenging engineering problems, to methods of numerica lmathematics, numerical linear algebra, and high performance computing. SNA'21 has about 80 participants. Its programme includes the traditional Winter School with tutorial lectures focused on selected important topics within the scope of the seminar.This year, the Winter School includes the following lectures: Keywords: numerical analysis; mathematical modelling; computer mathematics Fulltext is available at external website.
SNA'21 - Seminar on Numerical Analysis

Seminar on Numerical Analysis 2021 (SNA'21) is the 15th meeting in aseries of SNA events.The previous meetings were held in Ostrava 2003, 2005, Monínec 2006,Ostrava 2007,Liberec 2008,Ostrava 2009,Nové ...

Starý, Jiří; Sysala, Stanislav; Sysalová, Dagmar
Ústav geoniky, 2021

Microscopical characterization of layered pigmented coatings from the interior of the basilica of St. Venceslas in Stará Boleslav
Frankeová, Dita; Slížková, Zuzana; Jurkovská, Lucie
2020 - Czech
The layers of individual samples, layer thicknesses, and their chemical composition were described using optical and electron microscopy. It was determined that most of them are lime coatings with the addition of natural clays, or zinc, lead, or iron pigments. Pomocí optické a elektronové mikroskopie byla popsána souvrství jednotlivých vzorků, tloušťky vrstev a jejich chemické složení. Bylo určeno, že většinou se jedná o vápenné nátěry s přídavkem přírodních hlinek, příp. zinečnatých, olovnatých či železitých pigmentů. Keywords: pigments; SEM; material characteristics; lime coatings Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Microscopical characterization of layered pigmented coatings from the interior of the basilica of St. Venceslas in Stará Boleslav

The layers of individual samples, layer thicknesses, and their chemical composition were described using optical and electron microscopy. It was determined that most of them are lime coatings with the ...

Frankeová, Dita; Slížková, Zuzana; Jurkovská, Lucie
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2020

Methodology for the characterization of the laser rod shape by multi-wave interferometry
Matoušek, Ondřej; Kredba, Jan; Procháska, František
2020 - Czech
The developed methodology describes the method of the multi-wave interferometry with controlled phase changing and the way of its application for the characterization of laser rod, which allows measurement of the shape of the front surfaces, wedge, deformation of the passing wavefront and internal inhomogeneity in a single measuring cycle Vytvořená metodika popisuje metodu multi vlnové interferometrie s řízenou změnou fáze a způsob její aplikace pro charakterizaci laserových tyčí, která umožňuje měření tvaru čelních povrchů, klínu, deformace průchozí vlnoplochy a vnitřní nehomogenity v jediném měřícím cyklu. Keywords: Multi-wave interferometry Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Methodology for the characterization of the laser rod shape by multi-wave interferometry

The developed methodology describes the method of the multi-wave interferometry with controlled phase changing and the way of its application for the characterization of laser rod, which allows ...

Matoušek, Ondřej; Kredba, Jan; Procháska, František
Ústav fyziky plazmatu, 2020

Institutions, Financial Development, and Small Business Survival: Evidence from European Emerging Economies
Iwasaki, I.; Kočenda, Evžen; Shida, Y.
2020 - English
In this paper, we traced the survival status of 94,401 small businesses in 17 European emerging markets from 2007–2017 and empirically examined the determinants of their survival, focusing on institutional quality and financial development. We found that institutional quality and level of financial development exhibit statistically significant and economically meaningful impacts on the survival probability of the SMEs being researched. The evidence holds even when we control for a set of firm-level characteristics such as ownership structure, financial performance, firm size, and age. The findings are also uniform across industries and country groups and robust beyond the difference in assumption of hazard distribution. Keywords: small business; survival analysis; European emerging markets Fulltext is available at external website.
Institutions, Financial Development, and Small Business Survival: Evidence from European Emerging Economies

In this paper, we traced the survival status of 94,401 small businesses in 17 European emerging markets from 2007–2017 and empirically examined the determinants of their survival, focusing on ...

Iwasaki, I.; Kočenda, Evžen; Shida, Y.
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2020

Financial Crime and Punishment: A Meta-Analysis
de Batz, L.; Kočenda, Evžen
2020 - English
We examine how the publication of intentional financial crimes committed by listed firms is interpreted by financial markets, using a systematic and quantitative review of existing empirical studies. Specifically, we conduct a meta-regression analysis and investigate the extent and nature of the impact that the publication of financial misconducts exerts on stock returns. We survey 111 studies, published between 1978 and 2020, with a total of 439 estimates from event studies. Our key finding is that the average abnormal returns calculated from this empirical literature are affected by a negative publication selection bias. Still, after controlling for this bias, our meta-analysis indicates that publications of financial crimes are followed by statistically significant negative abnormal returns, which suggests the existence of an informational effect. Finally, the MRA results demonstrate that crimes committed in common law countries, alleged crimes, and accounting crimes carry particularly weighty information for market participants. The results call for more transparency on side of enforcers along enforcement procedures, to foster timely and proportionate market reactions and support efficient markets. Keywords: Meta-Analysis; Event study; Financial Misconduct; Fraud; Financial Markets; Returns; Listed Companies; Information and Market Efficiency Fulltext is available at external website.
Financial Crime and Punishment: A Meta-Analysis

We examine how the publication of intentional financial crimes committed by listed firms is interpreted by financial markets, using a systematic and quantitative review of existing empirical studies. ...

de Batz, L.; Kočenda, Evžen
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2020

Selective Attention in Exchange Rate Forecasting
Kapounek, S.; Kučerová, Z.; Kočenda, Evžen
2020 - English
We analyze the exchange rate forecasting performance under the assumption of selective attention. Although currency markets react to a variety of different information, we hypothesize that market participants process only a limited amount of information. Our analysis includes more than 100,000 news articles relevant to the six most-traded foreign exchange currency pairs for the period of 1979–2016. We employ a dynamic model averaging approach to reduce model selection uncertainty and to identify time-varying probability to include regressors in our models. Our results show that smaller sizes models accounting for the presence of selective attention offer improved fitting and forecasting results. Specifically, we document a growing impact of foreign trade and monetary policy news on the euro/dollar exchange rate following the global financial crisis. Overall, our results point to the existence of selective attention in the case of most currency pairs. Keywords: exchange rate; selective attention; news; forecasting; dynamic model averaging Fulltext is available at external website.
Selective Attention in Exchange Rate Forecasting

We analyze the exchange rate forecasting performance under the assumption of selective attention. Although currency markets react to a variety of different information, we hypothesize that market ...

Kapounek, S.; Kučerová, Z.; Kočenda, Evžen
Ústav teorie informace a automatizace, 2020

Acoustic emissions sensing during creep testing in a modifiedatmosphere
Dvořák, Jiří; Svobodová, M.; Sklenička, Václav
2020 - Czech
The objective of the developed methodology for sensing 'in-situ' acoustic emissions during a creep test in a modified atmosphere was to minimise or eliminate noise on acoustic emission records caused by synergistic acting oxidation processes that may critically influence the identification and intensity of the acting own creep degradation processes and the relevant evaluation of the measured data. Cílem vypracované metodiky snímání akustických emisí 'in-situ' v průběhu creepové zkoušky v ochranné atmosféře byla minimalizace či odstranění šumů na záznamech akustické emise způsobených synergicky působícími oxidačními procesy, které mohou kriticky ovlivňovat identifikaci a intenzitu působících vlastních creepových degradačních procesů a relevantní vyhodnocení naměřených dat. Keywords: acoustic emission; creep mechanical properties testing; protective atmosphere testing Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Acoustic emissions sensing during creep testing in a modifiedatmosphere

The objective of the developed methodology for sensing 'in-situ' acoustic emissions during a creep test in a modified atmosphere was to minimise or eliminate noise on acoustic emission records caused ...

Dvořák, Jiří; Svobodová, M.; Sklenička, Václav
Ústav fyziky materiálů, 2020

Tomography of a bronze axe of the Únětice culture, found in Kukleny, Hradec Králové
Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal
2020 - Czech
It has been shown in the past that the computed X-ray tomography can bear significant new findings on the distribution of damaging and other structural details of the bronze findings. However, relatively high beam energies are necessary and it is not a priori ensured that the object under test would be penetrated with the radiation sufficiently. A big problem is also the photon scattering, which can make fine details indistinguishable. Therefore, a chosen Únětice culture axe has been submitted to a tomographical investigation in the laboratory of X-ray tomography of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i. The result should confirm the suitability of the method for investigations of other similar bronze findings. V minulosti se ukázalo, že výpočetní rentgenová tomografie může přinést významné nové poznatky o rozložení poškození a jiných strukturálních detailech bronzových nálezů. Současně však jsou potřeba poměrně vysoké energie záření a předem není zcela zaručeno, že vybraný objekt bude dostatečně prosvícen. Velkým problémem je též rozptyl fotonů, tzv. scattering, který může znemožnit rozeznání jemných detailů. Proto byla v laboratoři rentgenové tomografie Ústavu teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, AV ČR, v. v. i., podrobena mikro-tomografickému průzkumu vybraná sekera z Únětické kultury. Výsledek by měl prokázat vhodnost metody pro průzkum dalších podobných bronzových nálezů. Keywords: X-ray computed tomography; Early Bronze Age; archaeology Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Tomography of a bronze axe of the Únětice culture, found in Kukleny, Hradec Králové

It has been shown in the past that the computed X-ray tomography can bear significant new findings on the distribution of damaging and other structural details of the bronze findings. However, ...

Kumpová, Ivana; Vopálenský, Michal
Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky, 2020

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