Number of found documents: 1637
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Some modifications of the limited-memory variable metric optimization methods
Vlček, Jan; Lukšan, Ladislav
2023 - English
Several modifications of the limited-memory variable metric (or quasi-Newton) line search methods for large scale unconstrained optimization are investigated. First the block version of the symmetric rank-one (SR1) update formula is derived in a similar way as for the block BFGS update in Vlˇcek and Lukˇsan (Numerical Algorithms 2019). The block SR1 formula is then modified to obtain an update which can reduce the required number of arithmetic operations per iteration. Since it usually violates the corresponding secant conditions, this update is combined with the shifting investigated in Vlˇcek and Lukˇsan (J. Comput. Appl. Math. 2006). Moreover, a new efficient way how to realize the limited-memory shifted BFGS method is proposed. For a class of methods based on the generalized shifted economy BFGS update, global convergence is established. A numerical comparison with the standard L-BFGS and BNS methods is given. Keywords: unconstrained minimization; variable metric methods; limited-memory methods; variationally derived methods; arithmetic operations reduction; global convergence Available in a digital repository NRGL
Some modifications of the limited-memory variable metric optimization methods

Several modifications of the limited-memory variable metric (or quasi-Newton) line search methods for large scale unconstrained optimization are investigated. First the block version of the symmetric ...

Vlček, Jan; Lukšan, Ladislav
Ústav informatiky, 2023

Spatio-Spectral EEG Patterns in the Source-Reconstructed Space and Relation to Resting-State Networks: An EEG-fMRI Study
Jiříček, Stanislav; Koudelka, V.; Mantini, D.; Mareček, R.; Hlinka, Jaroslav
2022 - English
In this work, we present and evaluate a novel EEG-fMRI integration approach combining a spatio-spectral decomposition method and a reliable source localization technique. On the large 72 subjects resting- state hdEEG-fMRI data set we tested the stability of the proposed method in terms of both extracted spatio-spectral patterns(SSPs) as well as their correspondence to the BOLD signal. We also compared the proposed method with the spatio-spectral decomposition in the electrode space as well as well-known occipital alpha correlate in terms of the explained variance of BOLD signal. We showed that the proposed method is stable in terms of extracted patterns and where they correlate with the BOLD signal. Furthermore, we show that the proposed method explains a very similar level of the BOLD signal with the other methods and that the BOLD signal in areas of typical BOLD functional networks is explained significantly more than by a chance. Nevertheless, we didn’t observe a significant relation between our source-space SSPs and the BOLD ICs when spatio-temporally comparing them. Finally, we report several the most stable source space EEG-fMRI patterns together with their interpretation and comparison to the electrode space patterns. Keywords: EEG-fMRI Integration; EEG-informed fMRI; Spatio-spectral Decomposition; Electrical Source Imaging; Independent Component Analysis; Resting State Networks Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Spatio-Spectral EEG Patterns in the Source-Reconstructed Space and Relation to Resting-State Networks: An EEG-fMRI Study

In this work, we present and evaluate a novel EEG-fMRI integration approach combining a spatio-spectral decomposition method and a reliable source localization technique. On the large 72 subjects ...

Jiříček, Stanislav; Koudelka, V.; Mantini, D.; Mareček, R.; Hlinka, Jaroslav
Ústav informatiky, 2022

Tisková zpráva - měření tepelného komfortu
Geletič, Jan; Lehnert, M.
2022 - Czech
Fulltext is available at external website.
Tisková zpráva - měření tepelného komfortu

Geletič, Jan; Lehnert, M.
Ústav informatiky, 2022

Czech Gathering of Logicians 2022. Book of Abstracts
Haniková, Zuzana; Švejdar, V.; Wannenburg, Johann Joubert
2022 - English
Fulltext is available at external website.
Czech Gathering of Logicians 2022. Book of Abstracts

Haniková, Zuzana; Švejdar, V.; Wannenburg, Johann Joubert
Ústav informatiky, 2022

A Bootstrap Comparison of Robust Regression Estimators
Kalina, Jan; Janáček, P.
2022 - English
The ordinary least squares estimator in linear regression is well known to be highly vulnerable to the presence of outliers in the data and available robust statistical estimators represent more preferable alternatives. It has been repeatedly recommended to use the least squares together with a robust estimator, where the latter is understood as a diagnostic tool for the former. In other words, only if the robust estimator yields a very different result, the user should investigate the dataset closer and search for explanations. For this purpose, a hypothesis test of equality of the means of two alternative linear regression estimators is proposed here based on nonparametric bootstrap. The performance of the test is presented on three real economic datasets with small samples. Robust estimates turn out not to be significantly different from non-robust estimates in the selected datasets. Still, robust estimation is beneficial in these datasets and the experiments illustrate one of possible ways of exploiting the bootstrap methodology in regression modeling. The bootstrap test could be easily extended to nonlinear regression models. Keywords: linear regression; robust estimation; nonparametric bootstrap; bootstrap hypothesis testing Fulltext is available at external website.
A Bootstrap Comparison of Robust Regression Estimators

The ordinary least squares estimator in linear regression is well known to be highly vulnerable to the presence of outliers in the data and available robust statistical estimators represent more ...

Kalina, Jan; Janáček, P.
Ústav informatiky, 2022

A Measure of Variability WIthin Parametric Families of Continuous Distributions
Fabián, Zdeněk
2022 - English
A continuous probability measure on an open interval of the real line induces in it a unique geometry, "center of gravity" of which is the typical value of the distribution. In the paper is identified a score variance as a finite measure of variability of distributions with respect to the typical value and discussed its properties and methods of estimation. Itroducing a generalized Rao distance in the sample space one can appraise the precision of the estimate of the typical value. Keywords: scalar-valued score; score mean; score variance; distance in the sample space Available at various institutes of the ASCR
A Measure of Variability WIthin Parametric Families of Continuous Distributions

A continuous probability measure on an open interval of the real line induces in it a unique geometry, "center of gravity" of which is the typical value of the distribution. In the paper is identified ...

Fabián, Zdeněk
Ústav informatiky, 2022

Scalar-Valued Score Functions and their use in Parametric Estimation
Fabián, Zdeněk
2022 - English
In the paper we describe and explain a new direction in probabilistic and statistical reasoning, the approach based on scalar-valued score functions of continuous random variables. We show basic properties of score functions of standard distributions, generalize the approach for parametric families and show how to use them for solutions of problems of parametric statistics. Keywords: core random variable; score mean; score variance; score distance; score correlation Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Scalar-Valued Score Functions and their use in Parametric Estimation

In the paper we describe and explain a new direction in probabilistic and statistical reasoning, the approach based on scalar-valued score functions of continuous random variables. We show basic ...

Fabián, Zdeněk
Ústav informatiky, 2022

Score correlation for skewed distributions
Fabián, Zdeněk
2022 - English
Based on the new concept of the scalar-valued score function of continuous distributions we introduce the score correlation coefficient ”tai-lored” to the assumed probabilistic model and study its properties by means of simulation experiments. It appeared that the new correlation method is useful for enormously skewed distributions. Keywords: Scalar-valued score; score coefficient of variation; Monte Carlo Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Score correlation for skewed distributions

Based on the new concept of the scalar-valued score function of continuous distributions we introduce the score correlation coefficient ”tai-lored” to the assumed probabilistic model and study its ...

Fabián, Zdeněk
Ústav informatiky, 2022

Introduction to statistical inference based on scalar-valued scores
Fabián, Zdeněk
2022 - English
In the report we maintain consistently the following point of view: Given a continuous model, there are not the observed values, which are to be used in probabilistic and statistical considerations, but their ”treated forms”,the values of the scalar-valued score function corresponding to the model. Based on this modified concept of the score function, we develop theory of score random variables, study their geometry and define their new characteristics, finite even in cases of heavy-tailed models. A generalization for parametric families provides a new approach to parametric point estimation. Keywords: continuous distributions; score mean; score variance; score moment estimation method; score distance Available at various institutes of the ASCR
Introduction to statistical inference based on scalar-valued scores

In the report we maintain consistently the following point of view: Given a continuous model, there are not the observed values, which are to be used in probabilistic and statistical considerations, ...

Fabián, Zdeněk
Ústav informatiky, 2022

Large Perimeter Objects Surrounded by a 1.5D Terrain
Keikha, Vahideh
2022 - English
Given is a 1.5D terrain T , i.e., an x-monotone polygonal chain in R2. Our objective is to approximate the largest area or perimeter convex polygon with at most k vertices inside T . For a constant k > 0, we design an FPTAS that efficiently approximates such polygons within a factor (1 − ǫ). For the special case of the´largest-perimeter contained triangle in T , we design an O(n log n) time exact algorithm that matches the same result for the area measure. Available in digital repository of the ASCR
Large Perimeter Objects Surrounded by a 1.5D Terrain

Given is a 1.5D terrain T , i.e., an x-monotone polygonal chain in R2. Our objective is to approximate the largest area or perimeter convex polygon with at most k vertices inside T . For a constant k ...

Keikha, Vahideh
Ústav informatiky, 2022

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